St. Jerome, Chronicon

Jerome, the Chronicon or Chronicle, translated and formatted by Roger Pearse and friends and graciously placed on line with no restrictions at tertullian.org. ToposText adaption is incomplete and not always in accurate sequence, so refer to Pearse's text when in doubt. This text has 1716 tagged references to 434 ancient places.
CTS URN: urn:cts:latinLit:stoa0162.stoa004; Wikidata ID: Q3675945;     [Open Latin text in new tab]

§ B2016  Ninus son of Belus was the first to reign over all Asia except for the Indies, for 52 years. In the 43rd year of the rule of this Ninus, Abraham was born.
In his reign Abraham is born among the Hebrews; when Abraham was 100 years old he fathered Isaac.
In Greece, however, Europs was the second to rule over the Sicyonians in Greece, for forty-five years. In the twenty-second year of his reign Abraham was born.
From here onwards was the 16th government among the Egyptians, which they call a dynasty, at which time the Thebans were ruling for 190 years.
Ninus founded the city of Ninus in the land of the Assyrians, which the Hebrews call Nineveh.
While Ninus is reigning among the Assyrians, in his final years Abraham is born.
While Ninus was reigning among the Assyrians, Aegialeus, from whom Aegialea was named, which is now called the Peloponnesus, ruled first among the Sicyonians for 52 years.
After whom the second was Europs, whose name was also used as a place name.
While Ninus was reigning among the Assyrians, the Thebans rule over the Egyptians. [2016 BCE]

Event Date: -2016 LA

§ B2007  The magus Zoroaster, king of the Bactrians, is considered important, against whom Ninus fought.
Abraham, a Chaldaean by birth, wears away his youth among the Chaldaeans. [2007 BCE]

Event Date: -2007 LA

§ B2002  2nd of the Assyrians, Semiramis for 42 years; Semiramis, wife of Ninus, ruled over the Assyrians, of whom innumerable things are recounted.
She also held Asia, and constructed mud-banks, because of a flood, restoring very many of the cities of Babylonia. [2002 BCE]

Event Date: -2002 LA

§ B1992  3rd of Sicyon, Telchin, for 20 years. [1992 BCE]

Event Date: -1992 LA

§ B1972  The beginning of the 41st Jubilee, according to the Hebrews. Now, among them, the fiftieth year is called a 'jubilee'. Accordingly, after their calculation, there have been 2000 years from the time of Adam until the present.
4th of Sicyon, Apis, for 25 years. After whom Apia was named, which is now called the Peloponnesus, and was previously Aegialea. [1972 BCE]

Event Date: -1972 LA

§ B1962  3rd of the Assyrians, Zameis, also called Ninyas, son of Ninus and Semiramis, for 38 years.
Cres the indigene was the first to reign in Crete. [1962 BCE]

Event Date: -1962 LA

§ B1957  Crete is named after the indigene Cres, whom they say was one of the Curetes, by whom Jupiter was kidnapped and raised. They established Knossos, a city on Crete, and the temple of Cybele the Mother. [1957 BCE]

Event Date: -1957 LA

§ B1947  5th of the Sicyonians, Thelxion, for 52 years. [1947 BCE]

Event Date: -1947 LA

§ B1942  When Abraham was 75 years old, he is considered worthy of being spoken to by God, and of the covenant that was established for him.
First year of the Covenant of God with Abraham.
From Abraham's 75th year, to Moses and the Hebrew nation's flight from Egypt, 430 years are counted, which Paul recalls as follows: The law, which was made 430 years later, does not annul the covenant confirmed by God, so as to destroy the promise. Also, Moses himself in Exodus agrees with this in saying: The time that the children of Israel had lived in Egypt, and they and their fathers in the land of Canaan, was 430 years. [1942 BCE]

Event Date: -1942 LA

§ B1930  Through his female slave Hagar, Abraham fathers Ishmael, from whom come the race of Ishmaelites, later called Hagarenes, and finally Saracens. [1930 BCE]

Event Date: -1930 LA

§ B1922  4th of the Assyrians, Arius, for 30 years; 20th year of the Covenant. [1922 BCE]

Event Date: -1922 LA

§ B1917  When he was 100 years old, Abraham fathered Isaac by his free wife, after which he lived another 75 years. [1917 BCE]

Event Date: -1917 LA

§ B1912  Of the Hebrews, Isaac, son of Abraham: in the sixtieth year of his life, Isaac fathered Jacob.
The word of God, when it appeared in human form, promises the calling of the gentiles to Abraham, the first of all the prophets, which in our time the word of Christ has brought to completion through preaching the Gospel among all nations.
30th year of the Covenant. [1912 BCE]

Event Date: -1912 LA

§ B1892  5th of the Assyrians, Aralius, for 40 years
6th of the Sicyonians, Aegydrus, for 34 years; 50th year of the Covenant. [1892 BCE]

Event Date: -1892 LA

§ B1887  130th year of Abraham; In Crete, Cres the indigene was the first to reign, as some have it. Others however proclaim that he reigned at the date written above. [1887 BCE]

Event Date: -1887 LA

§ B1862  Beginning of the kingship of the Argives; 80th year of the Covenant [1862 BCE]

Event Date: -1862 LA

§ B1857  7th of the Sicyonians, Thurimachus for 45 years; Twin sons are born to the sexagenarian Isaac: first Esau, also called Edom, from whom come the race of Idumaeans. Secondly Jacob, later called Israel, from whom come the Israelites, who are now called Jews.
160th year of Abraham [1857 BCE]

Event Date: -1857 LA

§ B1852  6th of the Assyrians, Xerxes, also called Balaneus, for 30 years.
Of the Hebrews, Jacob, son of Isaac, until the birth of his son Joseph, for 121 years. Jacob.
In these times among the Argives Inachus was the first to reign, for 50 years.
Inachus's daughter Io, whom the Egyptians, having changed the name, call Isis and worship.
The river Inachus at Argos is named after his father Inachus, the Bosphorus after his daughter Io.
90th year of the Covenant [1852 BCE]

Event Date: -1852 LA

§ B1847  Castor the Chronographer speaks thus concerning the Argive kingdom: I will therefore trace the kings of the Argives from Inachus to Sthenelantus son of Crotops; the complete span of time of which is found to be 382 years.
170th year of Abraham, but 70th of Isaac. [1847 BCE]

Event Date: -1847 LA

§ B1842  100th year of the Covenant, in which Abraham dies having lived in total 175 years. [1842 BCE]

Event Date: -1842 LA

§ B1837  80th year of Isaac; Apis was the first in Egypt to be regarded as a god: him they called 'Serapis'. [1837 BCE]

Event Date: -1837 LA

§ B1822  7th of the Assyrians, Armamitres, for 38 years.
17th dynasty of the Egyptians, in which time the Shepherds were reigning for 103 years; We conjecture that the Kings of the Egyptians were called 'Shepherds' because of Joseph and his brothers, who were attested to have gone down to Egypt in the beginning as shepherds.
120th year of the Covenant [1822 BCE]

Event Date: -1822 LA

§ B1812  8th of the Sicyonians, Leucippus, for 53 years; 130th year of the Covenant [1812 BCE]

Event Date: -1812 LA

§ B1802  2nd of Argos, Phoroneus, for 60 years.
Phoroneus, son of Inachus and Niobe, was the first to establish laws and courts. Some consider Niobe to be his daughter.
Plato recalls these times in the Timaeus as if very ancient ones, saying: And at one time, wanting to draw them on to conversations about ancient times, what had happened among the oldest people of his civilisation, concerning Phoroneus, who was said, with this name, to be the first man, and Niobe, and those who lived after the Flood.
140th year of the Covenant [1802 BCE]

Event Date: -1802 LA

§ B1792  Thessalus, son of Graecus, reigns in Thessaly.
150th year of the Covenant [1792 BCE]

Event Date: -1792 LA

§ B1787  Jupiter slept with Niobe first of all women, so the Greeks tells us, from whom Apis was born, who they surname Serapis.
8th of the Assyrians, Belocus, for 35 years.
130th year of Isaac; The Thelcisians and the Cariatians started a war against Phoroneus and the Parrhasians. [1787 BCE]

Event Date: -1787 LA

§ B1777  Ogygus founded Eleusis in Attica, which anciently used to be called Acte, and very many other communities. In his time a virgin appeared at Lake Triton, whom the Greeks named Minerva.
Jacob went down into Mesopotamia and worked for Laban for 7 years.
140th year of Isaac [1777 BCE]

Event Date: -1777 LA

§ B1772  Jacob fathered Reuben, Jacob fathered Simeon, Jacob fathered Levi, Jacob fathered Judah, from whom the Jews were named.
170th year of the Covenant. [1772 BCE]

Event Date: -1772 LA

§ B1762  1st year of Joseph; Jacob was in his 92nd year.
9th of the Sicyonians, Messapus, for 47 years.
180th year of the Covenant. [1762 BCE]

Event Date: -1762 LA

§ B1757  160th year of Isaac, but Jacob 100.
The flood which happened in the reign of Ogygus.
Messana, which is also called Mamertina, is founded. [1757 BCE]

Event Date: -1757 LA

§ B1753  9th of the Assyrians, Balaeus, for 52 years. [1753 BCE]

Event Date: -1753 LA

§ B1747  Joseph sold by his brothers when he was 17 years old.
170th year of Isaac, and Jacob 110th. [1747 BCE]

Event Date: -1747 LA

§ B1742  3rd of the Argives, Apis, for 35 years; They say that this Apis is Serapis: accordingly, when his brother king Aegialeus had been put in charge of Achaia, he himself sailed to Egypt with the people.
200th year of the Covenant [1742 BCE]

Event Date: -1742 LA

§ B1737  Telchines, having been conquered, founded Rhodes, which previously used to be called Ophiusa.
Isaac dies at 180 years of age, leaving behind a son Jacob aged 120. [1737 BCE]

Event Date: -1737 LA

§ B1732  Of the Hebrews, Joseph, leader of the Egyptians for 80 years; Memphis in Egypt founded by Apis.
210th year of the Covenant [1732 BCE]

Event Date: -1732 LA

§ B1727  In the second year of famine, Jacob having entered Egypt with his sons, when he was being asked by Pharaoh how old he was, he answers that he is 130 years old. [1727 BCE]

Event Date: -1727 LA

§ B1722  The 18th dynasty of the Egyptians, the Diospolites, of whom the
1st was Amosis, for 25 years.
220th year of the Covenant [1722 BCE]

Event Date: -1722 LA

§ B1712  10th of the Sicyonians, Eratus for 46 years.
Sparta was founded by Spartus, son of Phoroneus.
50th year of Joseph; 230th year of the Covenant [1712 BCE]

Event Date: -1712 LA

§ B1711  4th of the Argives, Argus, for 70 years. [1711 BCE]

Event Date: -1711 LA

§ B1707  Jacob died in the 147th year of his life, prophesying about Christ and the calling of the nations. [1707 BCE]

Event Date: -1707 LA

§ B1702  60th year of Joseph; 240th year of the Covenant [1702 BCE]

Event Date: -1702 LA

§ B1697  10th of the Assyrians, Altadas, for 32 years
2nd, Chebron, for 13 years. [1697 BCE]

Event Date: -1697 LA

§ B1682  80th year of Joseph; Of Egypt, Amenophis, for 21 years; According the opinion of some, Prometheus lived in this time, by whom men recall that they were created. But the truth of the matter: because he was a wise man, he transformed their savagery and excessive ignorance into refinement and knowledge.
260th year of the Covenant [1682 BCE]

Event Date: -1682 LA

§ B1669  11th of the Sicyonians, Plemnaeus, for 48 years
11th of the Assyrians, Mamynthus, for 30 years [1669 BCE]

Event Date: -1669 LA

§ B1668  At that time, all the kings of the Egyptians were called Pharaohs, not having names of their own, but rather, for the sake of their dignity, kings would use this word, just as among our people, emperors are called Augusti. But each Pharaoh used to have his own name. Thus we set down this which has been read from the books of Manetho, priest of the Egyptians. [1668 BCE]

Event Date: -1668 LA

§ B1662  100th year of Joseph; Of Egypt, Mephres, for 12 years; 280th year of the Covenant [1662 BCE]

Event Date: -1662 LA

§ B1652  Joseph dies in his 110th year, after which the Hebrews served among the Egyptians for 144 years. Altogether the years the Hebrews spent in Egypt make 215, which are counted from the time that Jacob descends into Egypt with his sons. The servitude of the Hebrews in Egypt, for 144 years.
Of Egypt, Mispharmuthosis, for 26 years; 290th year of the Covenant [1652 BCE]

Event Date: -1652 LA

§ B1637  5th of Argos, Criassus, for 54 years; In Argos, Callithias son of Pirantos was the first to discharge the duties of the priesthood.
12th of the Assyrians, Magchaleus, for 30 years; Atlas, the brother of Prometheus, was particularly called The Astrologer; because of his learnedness in this discipline, he was even said to hold up the sky. But Euripides says that it is the highest mountain which is called Atlas. [1637 BCE]

Event Date: -1637 LA

§ B1622  Of Egypt, Tuthmosis, for 9 years; 12th of the Sicyonians, Orthopolis for 63 years a 320th year of the Covenant [1622 BCE]

Event Date: -1622 LA

§ B1617  Of Egypt, Amenophis, for 31 years; When these were reigning, there was a Syrus, regarded as an indigene, from whose name Syria received its name.
This is the Amenophis, whom they believe to be Memnon, the talking stone. [1617 BCE]

Event Date: -1617 LA

§ B1612  The Ethiopians, originating from the Indus River, settled near Egypt.
330th year of the Covenant [1612 BCE]

Event Date: -1612 LA

§ B1609  13th of the Assyrians, Sphaerus, for 20 years [1609 BCE]

Event Date: -1609 LA

§ B1592  350th year of the Covenant; Amram fathered Moses when he was 70 years old. [1592 BCE]

Event Date: -1592 LA

§ B1588  14th of the Assyrians, Mamylus, for 30 years.
The city of Epidaurus was founded. [1588 BCE]

Event Date: -1588 LA

§ B1587  6th of Argos, Phorbas, for 35 years [1587 BCE]

Event Date: -1587 LA

§ B1586  Some write that Prometheus, Epimetheus, Atlantis the brother of Prometheus, Argos ' all-seeing', and Io the daughter of Prometheus lived in these times; others that in fact they lived in the age of Cecrops, and a few that they lived even 60 or 90 years before Cecrops. [1586 BCE]

Event Date: -1586 LA

§ B1582  360th year of the Covenant; 10th year of Moses [1582 BCE]

Event Date: -1582 LA

§ B1578  Aemon was the first to reign in Thessaly. [1578 BCE]

Event Date: -1578 LA

§ B1576  Phorbas conquered Rhodes. [1576 BCE]

Event Date: -1576 LA

§ B1574  Hercules is reported to be the first to have beaten Antaeus in a wrestling match. [1574 BCE]

Event Date: -1574 LA

§ B1572  370th year of the Covenant; 20th year of Moses [1572 BCE]

Event Date: -1572 LA

§ B1568  Trochilus is reported to have been the first to yoke a quadriga. [1568 BCE]

Event Date: -1568 LA

§ B1566  Xanthus from Triopa founded Lesbos. [1566 BCE]

Event Date: -1566 LA

§ B1564  Cydon reigned in Crete. [1564 BCE]

Event Date: -1564 LA

§ B1563  Beginning of the kingship of the Athenians [1563 BCE]

Event Date: -1563 LA

§ B1561  380th year of the Covenant; 30th year of Moses [1561 BCE]

Event Date: -1561 LA

§ B1559  15th of the Assyrians, Sparetus for 40 years
13th of the Sicyonians, Marath[on]ius for 30 years; In these times in Acte, which is now called Attica, Cecrops, also called Diphyes, was the first to reign, for 50 years. [1559 BCE]

Event Date: -1559 LA

§ B1557  In the 35th year of Moses, Cecrops was ruling in Attica, from which time down to the capture of Troy, 375 years elapsed. [1557 BCE]

Event Date: -1557 LA

§ B1555  From Cecrops down to the first Olympiad there are 17 kings; 12 that in fact only Death limited as princes, about whom many marvels are told among the Greeks. [1555 BCE]

Event Date: -1555 LA

§ B1552  7th of Argos, Triopas for 46 years; 390th year of the Covenant; 40th year of Moses [1552 BCE]

Event Date: -1552 LA

§ B1550  When Cecrops was reigning, an olive tree emerged for the first time in the citadel, and from the name of Minerva, which is Athena in Greek, Athens was named. Cecrops was named 'Diphyes' that is to say 'of two natures' either because of the length of his body or on account of the fact that, since he was Egyptian, he knew both languages, Greek and Egyptian. [1550 BCE]

Event Date: -1550 LA

§ B1548  Moses, leaving Egypt behind, goes to practice philosophy in the desert.
Of Egypt, Achencheres, for 12 years [1548 BCE]

Event Date: -1548 LA

§ B1546  Cecrops being the first to immolate an ox, he called upon Jupiter; and the region was called Cecropia after him. [1546 BCE]

Event Date: -1546 LA

§ B1543  The Curetes and Corybantes founded Cnossos: who discovered the musical and harmonious dance in arms. [1543 BCE]

Event Date: -1543 LA

§ B1541  400th year of the Covenant; 50th year of Moses [1541 BCE]

Event Date: -1541 LA

§ B1539  The Chaldeans fight against the Phoenicians. [1539 BCE]

Event Date: -1539 LA

§ B1537  Musicus, the son of Euctaeius and Nymphe, is well known. [1537 BCE]

Event Date: -1537 LA

§ B1535  Athoris, for 9 years; Deucalion began to reign among those who were living around Parnassus. [1535 BCE]

Event Date: -1535 LA

§ B1533  It is pretended that the trial took place, before Cecrops, of the gods Neptune and Minerva about the extent of their territory. [1533 BCE]

Event Date: -1533 LA

§ B1531  410th year of the Covenant; 60th year of Moses [1531 BCE]

Event Date: -1531 LA

§ B1529  Jupiter slept with Io daughter of Iasus, after whom, having been changed, so it is said, into an ox, the Bosporus was named.
14th of the Sicyonians, Marathus for 30 years; Cecrops founded Athenai in Euboea, which they also call Diada: this city the Euboeans call Orchomenon. [1529 BCE]

Event Date: -1529 LA

§ B1527  Chenchres for 16 years [1527 BCE]

Event Date: -1527 LA

§ B1525  The flood which happened in the time of Deucalion in Thessaly, and the conflagration which happened in the time of Phaeton. [1525 BCE]

Event Date: -1525 LA

§ B1523  In Ethiopia, as Plato recounts, many local plagues broke out. [1523 BCE]

Event Date: -1523 LA

§ B1521  420th year of the Covenant; 70th year of Moses [62/63] [1521 BCE]

Event Date: -1521 LA

§ B1519  16th of the Assyrians, Ascatades, for 40 years; From Deucalion, Hellene and Pyrrha, those who were previously called Greeks were now called Hellenes: and Acte in their time was called Attica. [1519 BCE]

Event Date: -1519 LA

§ B1515  Moses is blessed by the divine presence on Mount Sinai [1515 BCE]

Event Date: -1515 LA

§ B1513  Corinth founded, which previously used to be called Ephyra. [1513 BCE]

Event Date: -1513 LA

§ B1511  430th year of the Covenant; 80th year of Moses; According to some, Io proceeded to Egypt, and there was named Isis, who married Telegonus later, and fathered Epaphus.
Of the Hebrews: In the
80th year that Moses is leader, the journey of the Hebrew nation out of Egypt is brought about, handing over the law to them in the desert throughout
40 years.
Of Egypt, Acherres, for 8 years.
From this point down to Solomon and the building of the temple 480 years are numbered.
Temple of Apollo at Delos built by Erysichthon. [1511 BCE]

Event Date: -1511 LA

§ B1509  15th of the Sicyonians, Echyreus for 55 years; Hercules is considered important in Phoenicia under the name of Desinaus: for which reason all the way down to our own time, he is called Desinaus by the Cappadocians and Elians.
The court of the Areopagus established with that name. [1509 BCE]

Event Date: -1509 LA

§ B1507  Aaron, brother of Moses, was the first among the Hebrews to be appointed as high priest.
The vine is discovered by Dionysus, but not the son of Semele. [1507 BCE]

Event Date: -1507 LA

§ B1506  8th of Argos, Crotopus, for 21 years.
2nd of the Athenians, Cranaus, for 9 years.
Oris, son of a shepherd, is the 7th from Inachus.
Cranaus the indigene, after the name of whose daughter Atthis Attica was named. [1506 BCE]

Event Date: -1506 LA

§ B1503  Of Egypt, Cherres, for 15 years.
In Crete reigned Apteras, who also founded a city. [1503 BCE]

Event Date: -1503 LA

§ B1497  3rd of the Athenians, Amphictyon, for 10 years
Moses was in charge of the Jewish nation in the desert.
Deucalion's son Dionysus — but not the one who was Semele's son — when he arrived in Attica, he was received as a guest by Semachus and gave his daughter the pelt of a goat. [1497 BCE]

Event Date: -1497 LA

§ B1489  The temple of Delos constructed by Erysichthon the son of Cecrops. [1489 BCE]

Event Date: -1489 LA

§ B1488  Of Egypt, Armais, also called Danaus, for 5 years.
Epaphus, the son of the younger Io and Jupiter, founded Memphis when he ruled in Lower Egypt. [1488 BCE]

Event Date: -1488 LA

§ B1487  4th of the Athenians, Ericthonius, for 50 years.
Sthenelus of the Argives. Castor's [statement], concerning the leaders of the Argives:
Lacedaemon founded by Lacedaemon son of Semele. [1487 BCE]

Event Date: -1487 LA

§ B1485  9th of Argos, Sthelenus, for 11 years.
Erichthonius son of Vulcan and Minerva, who is called Erechtheus by Homer, lived while these were reigning. [1485 BCE]

Event Date: -1485 LA

§ B1483  After whom Ramesses, also called Aegyptus, for 68 years. When Danaus had expelled Sthenelus, he held Argos, and his descendants continued until Eurystheus son of Sthenelus, nephew of Perseus, after whom the Pelopidae received power, Atreus reigning first.
Arcas the son of Jove and Callisto, after bringing the Pelasgii back into subjection named their region Arcadia. [1483 BCE]

Event Date: -1483 LA

§ B1479  17th of the Assyrians, Amynthes, for 45 years.
Egypt, which was previously called Aeria, received its name from Aegyptus who was then ruling there. [1479 BCE]

Event Date: -1479 LA

§ B1477  Dardanus founded Dardania. [1477 BCE]

Event Date: -1477 LA

§ B1475  After Sthelenus, Gelanor reigned at Argos; when the Argives had driven him from power, they handed over the kingship to Danaus. [1475 BCE]

Event Date: -1475 LA

§ B1474  10th of Argos, Danaus, for 50 years.
Danaus claimed Argos for himself when he was expelled from Egypt, and made the same city abundant in waters. [1474 BCE]

Event Date: -1474 LA

§ B1472  Death of Moses. [1472 BCE]

Event Date: -1472 LA

§ B1471  Of the Hebrews, after Moses Joshua is appointed leader for 27 years
The five books of Moses, according to the translation of the LXX elders, contain 3,730 years until this point.
Start of the 51st Jubilee according to the Hebrews.
Among the Hebrews Eleazer received the pontificate.
Erichthonius put together the first four horse chariot team in Greece. Of course it existed already in other nations. [1471 BCE]

Event Date: -1471 LA

§ B1467  Danaus killed the
50 sons of his brother Aegyptus through his 50 daughters; only Lynceus escaped, who reigned after him. Now such a multitude of sons should not seem incredible among the barbarians, since they have innumerable concubines. [1467 BCE]

Event Date: -1467 LA

§ B1461  Joshua the successor of Moses distributes the land of the Palestinians to the Jewish nation by lot.
In Crete reigned Lapis. [1461 BCE]

Event Date: -1461 LA

§ B1457  Busiris the son of Neptune and of Lybia, daughter of Epaphus, in the places close to the Nile exercises tyranny, killing travelling guests with cruel crimes. [1457 BCE]

Event Date: -1457 LA

§ B1454  16th of Sicyon, Corax, for 30 years.
Phoenix and Cadmus, having set out from Egyptian Thebes into Syria, reigned in Tyre and Sidon. [1454 BCE]

Event Date: -1454 LA

§ B1450  The temple of Delphi burned down by Phlegyas. [1450 BCE]

Event Date: -1450 LA

§ B1446  In Crete Asterius reigned. [1446 BCE]

Event Date: -1446 LA

§ B1444  1st judge of the Jews, Gothoniel, for 40 years.
Jupiter slept with Europa, the daughter of Phoenix; afterwards, Asterius, King of Crete, received her as his wife and fathered Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon by her.
After the death of Joshua, strangers held the Hebrews subject for 8 years, which are included in the date-range of Gothoniel, according to the traditions of the Jews. [1444 BCE]

Event Date: -1444 LA

§ B1438  Gothoniel the judge, from the tribe of Judah. [1438 BCE]

Event Date: -1438 LA

§ B1437  5th of the Athenians, Pandion for 40 years.
Among the Jews Phineas received the pontificate.
Pandion, son of Erichthonius, whose daughters were Procne and Philomela. [1437 BCE]

Event Date: -1437 LA

§ B1434  18th of the Assyrians, Belochus, for 25 years.
At Argos Hypermnestra daughter of Danaus carried out the duties of the priesthood.
His daughter Actosa, also called Semiramis, reigns with her father for seven years.
Rhadamanthus and Sarpedon (were) kings of the Lycians. [1434 BCE]

Event Date: -1434 LA

§ B1432  Abduction of Europa. [1432 BCE]

Event Date: -1432 LA

§ B1429  Cadmus reigned at Thebes; from his daughter Semele was born Dionysius — that is, Father Liber — in whose reign also Linus the Theban musician was. [1429 BCE]

Event Date: -1429 LA

§ B1425  The cities of Melus, Paphos, Thasos and Callista founded. [1425 BCE]

Event Date: -1425 LA

§ B1424  17th of the Sicyonians, Epopeus, for 35 years.
11th of Argos, Lynceus, for 41 years.
Bithynia, which previously used to be called Mariandyna, founded by Phoenix. [1424 BCE]

Event Date: -1424 LA

§ B1420  Linus from Thebes, along with Zethus and Amphion, are important in the art of music. [1420 BCE]

Event Date: -1420 LA

§ B1418  The Dactyls of Ida were in this time, who also discovered iron. [1418 BCE]

Event Date: -1418 LA

§ B1415  Amphion and Zethus were reigning at Thebes.
Of Egypt, Menophis, for 40 years.
In Dardania Erichthonius, son of Dardanus, reigned. [1415 BCE]

Event Date: -1415 LA

§ B1413  The things which are said concerning Demeter, who they say was the Egyptians' goddess Isis, and concerning Danae, from whom Perseus is born, happen at this time. [1413 BCE]

Event Date: -1413 LA

§ B1409  19th of the Assyrians, Bellepares, for 30 years.
Ephyra, which is now called Corinth, founded by Sisyphus. [1409 BCE]

Event Date: -1409 LA

§ B1405  Minos, son of Europa, reigns in Crete. [1405 BCE]

Event Date: -1405 LA

§ B1404  Of the Hebrews, Ehud, for 80 years.
After the death of Gothoniel, strangers held the Hebrews subject for 18 years, which are included in the date-range of Ehud, according to the traditions of the Jews.
The Cadmea, and Side in Cilicia, founded.
Ehud the judge from the tribe of Ephraim.
Celeus reigned at Eleusis, coaeval with Triptolemus, whom Philochorus says approached the cities in a long ship to distribute grain, and on that account aroused mistrust, because his ship was a winged serpent: and this is a picture that it is possible to accept. [1404 BCE]

Event Date: -1404 LA

§ B1397  Pelops, from whom the Peloponnese was named, reigned 59 years at Argos;
6th of the Athenians, Erecthheus, for 50 years, son of Pandion, in whose reign the Mysteries began.
Achaia founded by Achaeus.
The fable of Proserpina, whom Aidoneus carried off — that is, Orcus, king of the Molossians. His dog named Cerberus, of enormous size, devoured Pirithous, who had come to abduct his (Aidoneus') wife with Theseus. When the latter found himself already in mortal danger, Hercules arrived and set him free. For this reason he (Hercules) is spoken of as if he had been received from the underworld: so Philochorus writes in the second book of the Atthis. [1397 BCE]

Event Date: -1397 LA

§ B1389  18th of the Sicyonians, Laomedon, for 40 years. [1389 BCE]

Event Date: -1389 LA

§ B1387  Dionysus who in Latin is called father Liber is born of Semele.
Boreas the Thracian, son of Astraeus, carried off Orithyia daughter of Erechtheus, who the myths pretend was the north wind. At this time also the mysteries began. [1387 BCE]

Event Date: -1387 LA

§ B1383  Those things which are said of Perseus.
12th of Argos, Abas, for 23 years. [1383 BCE]

Event Date: -1383 LA

§ B1381  According to the opinion of some, it seems that in this age Phrixus, along with his sister Helle, fleeing the treacheries of their step-mother, was carried through the sea by a ram with golden fleece. In fact there was a ship prepared for his flight, of which the ram was the sign. Further, Palaephatus affirms that the ram by which he was freed was called 'Nurse'. [1381 BCE]

Event Date: -1381 LA

§ B1379  20th of the Assyrians, Lamprides, for 32 years. [1379 BCE]

Event Date: -1379 LA

§ B1372  19th Dynasty of Egypt, of whom first, Sethus, for 55 years.
After Cadmus had been expelled from Thebes, Amphion and Zethus reigned.
Those things which are told concerning Procne and Philomela. [1372 BCE]

Event Date: -1372 LA

§ B1370  The war, which happened in the time of Eumolpus. [1370 BCE]

Event Date: -1370 LA

§ B1366  Melampus the seer is well known. [1366 BCE]

Event Date: -1366 LA

§ B1364  In Dardania Tros reigned, after whom the Trojans are named. [1364 BCE]

Event Date: -1364 LA

§ B1362  It is reported that, at Delphi, the prophetess Phemonoe was the first to have chanted the future in hexameters. [1362 BCE]

Event Date: -1362 LA

§ B1360  13th of Argos, Proetus, for 17 years.
Tantalus ruled over the Phrygians, who before that point were called Maeones. [1360 BCE]

Event Date: -1360 LA

§ B1358  On account of the abduction of Ganymedes, war broke out between Tros the father of Ganymede and Tantalus, as Phanocles the poet writes. Therefore, the fable of Jupiter is in vain; and the abducting Eagle is invented. [1358 BCE]

Event Date: -1358 LA

§ B1352  Tityus banqueted with Tantalus. Tityus lived at the time of Leto mother of Apollo, who with Hercules served Admetus.
Those things that are said about Phrixus and Melicerta happened, in whose time the Isthmian games were celebrated. [1352 BCE]

Event Date: -1352 LA

§ B1349  From whom the Sicyonians were named but previously they were called Aegialeans.
19th of the Sicyonians, Sicyon, for 45 years. [1349 BCE]

Event Date: -1349 LA

§ B1347  Pelops married Hippodamia.
21st of the Assyrians, Sosares, for 20 years.
7th of the Athenians, Cecrops the younger, for 40 years. Brother of Erechtheus. [1347 BCE]

Event Date: -1347 LA

§ B1345  Perseus fought against the Persians, holding the decapitated head of the licentious Gorgon, which on account of her extraordinary beauty so rendered the minds of her spectators impotent, that she was thought to turn them into stones; Didymus writes in his Foreign History, and exposes its author. [1345 BCE]

Event Date: -1345 LA

§ B1343  After whom 14th, Acrisius, for 31 years. [1343 BCE]

Event Date: -1343 LA

§ B1341  Pegasus was the very swift horse of a certain woman, or, so Palaephatus writes, the ship of Bellerophon. [1341 BCE]

Event Date: -1341 LA

§ B1335  The city of Cyrene was founded in Libya. [1335 BCE]

Event Date: -1335 LA

§ B1333  Ion the strong man, from whose name the Athenians called themselves Ionians. [1333 BCE]

Event Date: -1333 LA

§ B1331  The deeds of Perseus. [1331 BCE]

Event Date: -1331 LA

§ B1329  Dionysius, also called father Liber, fighting against the Indians, founded the city of Nysa by the Indus river. [1329 BCE]

Event Date: -1329 LA

§ B1327  The kings of the Argives come to an end
22nd of the Assyrians, Lampares for 30 years; Amphion reigned at Thebes, who is said to have moved the rocks with the song of the cithara.
In reality there were certain listeners who were hard hearted and, so to speak, like stones. [1327 BCE]

Event Date: -1327 LA

§ B1324  Of the Hebrews, Deborah with Barak, for 40 years.
After Ehud, foreigners drove the Hebrews into subjection for 20 years, which are joined together to the time of Deborah and Barak, according to the Hebrew tradition. [1324 BCE]

Event Date: -1324 LA

§ B1320  Debora (was) of the tribe of Ephraim, Barak of the tribe of Naphtali.
According to some, Cadmus reigned in Thebes.
Of Egypt, Ramses, for 66 years. [1320 BCE]

Event Date: -1320 LA

§ B1318  Europa was carried off by the Cretans in a ship whose sign was a bull. [1318 BCE]

Event Date: -1318 LA

§ B1316  When Pelops was reigning in the Peloponnese, he also presided over the Olympics.
Later, taking up arms against Ilium, he was defeated by Dardanus.
Those things which are recorded about the Sparti, which Palaephatus writes; since they were of the neighbouring regions, they suddenly formed an alliance against Cadmus, and on account of the way they seemed to spring up suddenly from the earth, and coming together from all directions, they were called 'Sparti' (Sown Men). [1316 BCE]

Event Date: -1316 LA

§ B1312  The kings of the Argives came to an end, who ruled for 544 years down;
After Acrisius, in Mycenae by the power of the Argives the kings were: Perseus, Sthenelus, Eurystheus, Atreus, Thyestes, Agamemnon, Aegistus, Orestes and Tsiamneus and Penthilus and Cometes down to the descent of the Heraclidae. [1312 BCE]

Event Date: -1312 LA

§ B1310  Midas reigned in Phyrgia. [1310 BCE]

Event Date: -1310 LA

§ B1308  Mycenaeans to Pelops, who reigned for 59 years, and in Mycenae, power having been transferred, after Acrisius, Eurystheus son of Sthenelus reigned for 45 years.
Ilium founded by Ilus. [1308 BCE]

Event Date: -1308 LA

§ B1307  8th of the Athenians, Pandion, for 25 years.
Perseus, after Acrisius was involuntarily killed, migrated from Argos and reigned. [1307 BCE]

Event Date: -1307 LA

§ B1304  20th of the Sicyonians, Polybus, for 40 years.
Laius carried off Chrysippus. [1304 BCE]

Event Date: -1304 LA

§ B1302  The temple in Eleusis built. [1302 BCE]

Event Date: -1302 LA

§ B1298  Some claim the deeds of Liber Pater, and those things which are recorded concerning India, Lycurgus, Actaeon, and Pentheus happened at this time; in what way while standing against Perseus, he is slain in battle, says Dinarchus, the poet not the rhetor. However whoever wants can see the tomb of Liber Pater himself at Delphi next to Golden Apollo. Now, Liber is depicted with a delicate and womanly body, on account of the women who fought in his entourage: For he would bind men and women to weapons equally, as Philochorus says in the second book of the Atthis. [1298 BCE]

Event Date: -1298 LA

§ B1297  23rd of the Assyrians, Pannias, for 45 years. [1297 BCE]

Event Date: -1297 LA

§ B1286  Miletus founded. [1286 BCE]

Event Date: -1286 LA

§ B1284  Europa the daughter of Agenor, as we read in some (books), is carried off, which is consistent with those things which are said about Minos.
Of the Hebrews, Gideon, for 40 years.
After Deborah, strangers drove the Hebrews into subjection for 7 years, which are conjoined with the time of Gideon according to the traditions of the Jews. [1284 BCE]

Event Date: -1284 LA

§ B1282  9th of the Athenians, Aegeus son of Pandion, for 48 years.
Philammon the Delphian is considered renowned, who first set up the choral dance at the Pythia.
Gideon the judge (was) from the tribe of Manasseh.
These are the fables that are said about Daedalus, who seems to have made sculptures composed of different parts, he was the first that separated the feet of every sculpture from each other, whereas others had fabricated them together, as Palaephatus notes. Also how, with his son Icarus, he escaped from Minos in a ship; and, because his escape was traceable, he is supposed to have flown away on wings. [1282 BCE]

Event Date: -1282 LA

§ B1272  Tyre founded 240 years before the Temple of Jerusalem, as Josephus writes in his 3rd book. [1272 BCE]

Event Date: -1272 LA

§ B1270  Cyzicus founded.
The story of the Argonauts. [1270 BCE]

Event Date: -1270 LA

§ B1268  After Pelops, Atreus and Thyestes divided power in the Peloponnesus. [1268 BCE]

Event Date: -1268 LA

§ B1265  The voyage of the Argonauts.
Orpheus the Thracian is considered important, whose pupil was Musaeus the son of Eumolpus. [1265 BCE]

Event Date: -1265 LA

§ B1264  21st of the Sicyonians, Inachus, for 42 years.
Linus, the teacher of Hercules in all things, becomes noted. [1264 BCE]

Event Date: -1264 LA

§ B1262  Those things which are recorded about Hypsipyle in Lemnos. [1262 BCE]

Event Date: -1262 LA

§ B1261  Of the Mycenaeans, Atreus and Thyestes for 65 years.
At Mycenae reigned Eurystheus, for 40 years; Those things happened which are said about the sphinx, and Oedipus, and the Argonauts, among whom were Hercules, Asclepius, Castor and Pollux. However if Castor and Pollux were among the Argonauts, in what way is it possible to believe that Helen was their sister, who after many years is carried off by Theseus as a virgin?
Palaephatus writes that the Sphinx was really the wife of Cadmus, and, fleeing from poison on account of Harmonia's jealousy, a war was started against the Cadmeans. [1261 BCE]

Event Date: -1261 LA

§ B1254  Of Egypt Amenophis for 40 years. [1254 BCE]

Event Date: -1254 LA

§ B1252  24th of the Assyrians, Sosarmus, for 19 years. [1252 BCE]

Event Date: -1252 LA

§ B1250  Minos controlled the sea and gave laws to the Cretans, as Paradius relates, which Plato proves to be false. [1250 BCE]

Event Date: -1250 LA

§ B1246  Thamyris son of [Phil]ammon is considered notable. [1246 BCE]

Event Date: -1246 LA

§ B1244  Hercules finishes his labors, slays Antaeus, devastates Ilium. Antaeus, however, is said to be the son of the earth, because he was most versed in the art of wrestling in single matches that are staged on the earth, and on that account was seen to be aided by the earth as his mother. But Plato asserts that a Hydra was (just) a most cunning sophistry.
Of the Hebrews, Abimelech son of Gideon, for 3 years [1244 BCE]

Event Date: -1244 LA

§ B1241  After whom Thola for 22 years.
War between the Lapiths and Centaurs, who, Palaephatus writes in the first book of his On Incredible Things were noble knights of Thessaly. [1241 BCE]

Event Date: -1241 LA

§ B1235  Priam reigned after Laomedon. [1235 BCE]

Event Date: -1235 LA

§ B1234  10th of the Athenians, Theseus, for 30 years.
Medea the Colchian abandons Aegeus.
The seven who fought against Thebes. [1234 BCE]

Event Date: -1234 LA

§ B1233  25th of the Assyrians, Mithraeus, for 27 years.
Androgeus is killed at Athens by deceit. [1233 BCE]

Event Date: -1233 LA

§ B1232  These things are said about the Minotaur, who, Philochorus writes in the second book of the Atthis, was the teacher of Minos, by name Taurus, inhuman and cruel; and because Minos had set up a contest upon the death of Androgeus, offering up Athenian boys as a prize, and he, the strongest in the contest, defeated everyone else in the games. At last it happened that he was overcome by Theseus in wrestling, on account of which the Athenian boys were freed from the tributary penalty, as the Knossians themselves are also reported to say. [1232 BCE]

Event Date: -1232 LA

§ B1222  22nd of the Sicyonians, Phaestus, for 8 years.
Theseus carried off Helen, whom in turn her brothers recovered, after they had travelled abroad and captured Theseus' mother. [1222 BCE]

Event Date: -1222 LA

§ B1219  After whom, Jair, for 22 years. From the tribe of Manasseh.
When Theseus had gathered the Athenians, who had previously lived in scattered groups throughout the region, into one community, he was ignominiously banished through ostracism, this being the selfsame rule he had been the first to establish. [1219 BCE]

Event Date: -1219 LA

§ B1215  Minos established laws and rights. [1215 BCE]

Event Date: -1215 LA

§ B1212  After whom 23rd Adrastus, for 4 years.
Of Egypt, Ammenemes for 26 years; Philistius writes that in this time Carthage was founded by Zorus and Carthago, the Tyrians.
Hercules establishes the Olympic games, from which there are counted 430 years until the first Olympiad. [1212 BCE]

Event Date: -1212 LA

§ B1210  24th of the Sicyonians, Polyphides, for 31 years.
Theseus left Athens a fugitive. [1210 BCE]

Event Date: -1210 LA

§ B1208  The Amazon war against Thebes. [1208 BCE]

Event Date: -1208 LA

§ B1206  26th of the Assyrians, Tautanes, for 32 years.
The fable of Meleager and the Calydonian wild boar.
In the time when Tautanes was king of the Assyrians, Troy was captured. [1206 BCE]

Event Date: -1206 LA

§ B1204  11th of the Athenians, Menestheus (son of) Peteus, for 23 years.
Minos, while taking up arms in Sicily against Daedalus, is slain by the daughters of Cocalus. [1204 BCE]

Event Date: -1204 LA

§ B1200  Atreus reigns at Argos.
Phaedra loves Hippolytus. [1200 BCE]

Event Date: -1200 LA

§ B1198  In Libya, Hercules slays Antaeus. [1198 BCE]

Event Date: -1198 LA

§ B1197  Of the Hebrews, Jephthah, for 6 years; After Jair, the Ammonites bring the Hebrews under their control for 18 years, and they are included in the dates of later judges according to the traditions of the Jews.
Menelaus reigns in Lacedaemon.
Agamemnon rules at Mycenae for 35 years, and in the 18th year of his reign Troy is captured. [1197 BCE]

Event Date: -1197 LA

§ B1196  Of the Mycenaeans, Agamemnon for 35 years.
The slain men's progeny, who were called Epigoni, declare war against Thebes.
Hercules, when he had fallen into a pestilent illness, as a remedy from his suffering, threw himself into the flames, and thus by death did he come to his end in the
52nd year of his life; certain people, however, write that he perished in his 30th year. [1196 BCE]

Event Date: -1196 LA

§ B1194  In the book of Judges, Jephthah says from the era of Moses to himself is reckoned to be 300 years. [1194 BCE]

Event Date: -1194 LA

§ B1191  After whom Esebon, for 7 years.
Alexander carried off Helen. The 10-year-long Trojan war broke out because of an apple, which was the prize for judging three women's beauty, one of these offering Helen to the shepherd-judge. [1191 BCE]

Event Date: -1191 LA

§ B1187  Of Egypt, Thuoris, for 7 years. [1187 BCE]

Event Date: -1187 LA

§ B1185  Memnon and the Amazons brought help to Priam. [1185 BCE]

Event Date: -1185 LA

§ B1184  Of the Hebrews, Labdon, for 8 years.
After Hesebon in the book of the Hebrews Aelon is considered to have ruled as Judge over the people for 10 years, which LXX translators do not have.
Mopsus reigned in Cilicia, from whom Mopsicrene and Mopsistiae. [1184 BCE]

Event Date: -1184 LA

§ B1181  Troy Captured; From the capture of Troy down to the first Olympiad makes 406 years. Menestheus dies in Melos returning from captured Troy, after whom Demophoon reigned at Athens.
The entire period up to the present day is counted thus:
From the first year of Cecrops, who first reigned over Attica, until the capture of Troy, and until the twenty-third year of Menestheus, whom Homer mentions, there are reckoned 375 years. Similarly, from Moses' thirty-fifth year there take place 375 years.
Thuoris, King of Egypt, by Homer is called Polybus, Alcandra's husband, whom he mentions in the Odyssey, saying that after the capture of Troy, Menelaus and Helen sojourned with him.
According to the Assyrians from the 43rd year of the reign of Ninus 835 years
According to the Hebrews from the first year of the birth of Abraham 835 years According to the Sicyonians from the 20 and 2nd year of Europs similarly 835 years But from the birth of Moses 410 years
First king of the Latins after the fall of Troy Assyrians: the rest of the years of Tautanis.
Hebrews: the rest of the years of Labdon.
12th of the Athenians, Demophon son of Theseus, for 33 years.
After the third year of the Trojan captivity or, as some would have it, after 8 years, Aeneas reigned over the Latins, who later were called Romans, for 3 years.
From the 3rd book of Manetho. 20th Dynasty of Egypt, of the Diospolites, for 178 years. [1181 BCE]

Event Date: -1181 LA

§ B1179  25th of the Sicyonians, Pelasgus, for 20 years. [1179 BCE]

Event Date: -1179 LA

§ B1177  Before Aeneas, Janus, Saturnus, Picus, Faunus and Latinus reigned in Italy for about 150 years.
After Labdon, foreigners bring the Hebrews under their control for 40 years, which are included in the dates of later judges according to the traditions of the Jews. [1177 BCE]

Event Date: -1177 LA

§ B1176  After whom Sampson, for 20 years.
Aegisthus reigns at Mycenae. [1176 BCE]

Event Date: -1176 LA

§ B1175  After whom 2nd, Ascanius, for 38 years.
Samson was the strongest of all, so that by certain people his deeds are likened to the labors of Hercules.
The Lydians controlled the sea. [1175 BCE]

Event Date: -1175 LA

§ B1174  27th of the Assyrians, Teutaeus, for 40 years.
At Mycenae after the murder of Aegisthus Orestes reigned for 15 years.
Ascanius, the son of Aeneas, founded the city of Alba. [1174 BCE]

Event Date: -1174 LA

§ B1172  Palaephatus writes in book 1 of his Incredible Things those things which they say about Ulysses: how the 'Scylla' that he escaped was a Tyrrhenian trireme that used to rob guests, and how the 'Sirens' were whores who used to deceive people sailing. [1172 BCE]

Event Date: -1172 LA

§ B1166  The kingdom of Lavinius having been left to his stepmother, Ascanius founded Alba Longa, and with the greatest loving piety raised his brother Sylvius Posthumus, son of Aeneas by Lavinia. [1166 BCE]

Event Date: -1166 LA

§ B1160  Pyrrhus, in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, is slain by Orestes for his betrayal of the priest Machaereus; certain men say that Homer lived at this time. [1160 BCE]

Event Date: -1160 LA

§ B1159  Some suppose that, a great time after, the Byzantine Baths were so named to preserve his memory.
After whom, Zeuxippus, for 31 years. [1159 BCE]

Event Date: -1159 LA

§ B1156  After whom Eli the priest, for 40 years.
In the Hebrew book 40 years are found; but in the LXX translation, 20.
At Mycenae Tisamenus the son of Orestes reigned. [1156 BCE]

Event Date: -1156 LA

§ B1154  The sons of Hector recaptured Ilium, after the progeny of Antenor had been expelled, Helenus bringing help to them. [1154 BCE]

Event Date: -1154 LA

§ B1148  13th of the Athenians, Oxyntes, for 12 years.
According to some, the descent of the Heraclids. [1148 BCE]

Event Date: -1148 LA

§ B1146  The Amazons burned the temple of Ephesus. [1146 BCE]

Event Date: -1146 LA

§ B1142  The Lycian Games first held.
Ascanius fathered Julius, from whom the Julian family originated; and on account of the age of the little one, because it was not appropriate for ruling citizens, he left the kingship as a bequest to his brother Sylvius Posthumus. [1142 BCE]

Event Date: -1142 LA

§ B1138  Because he appeared after the death of his father, Sylvius Posthumus was raised in the country, and took the names 'Sylvius (Woodsman)' and 'Posthumus' (After-Burial), whence all the Alban kings are called 'Sylvius'. [1138 BCE]

Event Date: -1138 LA

§ B1137  3rd of the Latins, Silvius son of Aeneas, for 29 years.
Castor, the chronographer, concerning the kingdom of the Sicyonians: We shall set forth the kings of the Sicyonians from Aegialeus to Zeuxippus, who together reigned for 962 years, and the six priests of (Apollo) Carneus, who presided for 33 years. After these Charidemus was appointed priest, who fled, unable to meet his debts. [1137 BCE]

Event Date: -1137 LA

§ B1136  After whom 14th Aphidas, for 1 year.
Castor concerning the kingship of the Athenians: We list also the Athenian rulers known as the Erechtheids and Cecropids, up to Thymotes, all together come up to a period of 429 years. After them, Melanthus the son of Pylian Andropompus received the kingdom; and the latter's son Codrus, who together ruled for 58 years. [1136 BCE]

Event Date: -1136 LA

§ B1135  After whom 15th Thymoetes for 8 years. [1135 BCE]

Event Date: -1135 LA

§ B1134  28th of the Assyrians, Thineus, for 30 years. [1134 BCE]

Event Date: -1134 LA

§ B1129  After the rule of the Erechtheids had been destroyed, the kingship of the Athenian princes was transferred to another nation, when Xanthus the Boeotian had challenged Thimoetes to fight, and Thimoetes had been refusing, Melanthus of Pylos the son of Andropompus had taken up single combat, and had reigned thereafter.
And from this, Apaturion, that is, the festival of Deceptions, is celebrated, for the victory had appeared by fraud. [1129 BCE]

Event Date: -1129 LA

§ B1127  The kings of Sicyon came to an end, who for reigned 962 years; and after them, the priests of Carneus were founded.
After whom, 16th Melanthus, for 37 years. [1127 BCE]

Event Date: -1127 LA

§ B1116  Of the Hebrews, Samuel and Saul for 40 years.
After the death of Eli the priest, the Ark of the Covenant is possessed by foreigners: and then it was in the house of Aminadab for 20 years.
Saul was the first king, from the tribe of Benjamin. [1116 BCE]

Event Date: -1116 LA

§ B1110  Samuel was prophesying. [1110 BCE]

Event Date: -1110 LA

§ B1108  First king of the Lacedaemonians
First king of the Corinthians
4th of the Latins, Aeneas Silvius, for 31 years.
In another history we learn that fourth to have reigned was Silvius the Latin, the son of Lavinia and Melampus, that is, born from the same mother as his brother Posthumus, and that the fifth, who is now placed here as the fourth, was Silvius Aeneas, the son of Posthumus. [1108 BCE]

Event Date: -1108 LA

§ B1104  29th of the Assyrians, Dercylus, for 40 years.
According to the opinion of some, Homer is judged to have been in these times. However, how much disagreement there was among the ancients about him, can be revealed from the following. Some, among them Crates, place him before the descent of the Heraclids, 80 years after the Trojan War. Eratosthenes, after 100 years from the Trojan captivity. Aristarchus, at the time of the Ionian migration, or after 100 [140] years. Philochorus, after the Ionian migration at the time when Archippus held the magistracy of the Athenians and 180 years after the capture of Troy. Apollodorus the Athenian, 240 years after the overthrow of Ilium. Others have come forward, who think that he lived earlier, a short time before the Olympiads began, In
Lacedaemon, Eurystheus was the first to reign, for 42 years.
At Corinth Aletes was the first to reign, for 35 years. [1104 BCE]

Event Date: -1104 LA

§ B1098  The descent of the Heraclids into the Peloponnesus. [1098 BCE]

Event Date: -1098 LA

§ B1094  Eurystheus and Procles conquered Sparta. [1094 BCE]

Event Date: -1094 LA

§ B1090  17th of the Athenians, Codrus, son of Melanthus, for 21 years. [1090 BCE]

Event Date: -1090 LA

§ B1089  400 years from the Trojan captivity, granted that Archilochus calculates the year as the 23rd Olympiad and the 500th from the Trojan collapse. [1089 BCE]

Event Date: -1089 LA

§ B1085  The fugitive Ionians betook themselves to Athens. [1085 BCE]

Event Date: -1085 LA

§ B1079  The Peloponnesians fight against Athens. [1079 BCE]

Event Date: -1079 LA

§ B1077  5th of the Latins, Latinus Silvius, for 50 years.
The incursion into Asia of both the Amazons and the Cimmerians. [1077 BCE]

Event Date: -1077 LA

§ B1076  First king of the Hebrews, David from the tribe of Judah, for 40 years.
David from the tribe of Judah is the first to reign among the Hebrews. [1076 BCE]

Event Date: -1076 LA

§ B1070  The high priest of the Hebrews Abiathar is considered important. [1070 BCE]

Event Date: -1070 LA

§ B1069  After whom the leaders whom death finished: of whom the first, Medon son of Codrus, for 20 years
The Peloponnesians fight against the Athenians.
There were prophesying: Gad, Nathan, Asaph.[1069 BCE]

Event Date: -1069 LA

§ B1067  Codrus, handing himself over to death following a personal oracle, is murdered in the Peloponnesian war, in which the kingship of the Erechtheids is destroyed, which had lasted for 487 years. [1067 BCE]

Event Date: -1067 LA

§ B1066  2nd of the Corinthians, Ixion, for 37 years. [1066 BCE]

Event Date: -1066 LA

§ B1064  30th of the Assyrians, Eupal[m]es, for 38 years. [1064 BCE]

Event Date: -1064 LA

§ B1059  2nd of the Lacedaemonians, Agis, for 1 year. [1059 BCE]

Event Date: -1059 LA

§ B1058  After whom, Echestratus, for 35 years. [1058 BCE]

Event Date: -1058 LA

§ B1056  The Pelasgians controlled the sea. [1056 BCE]

Event Date: -1056 LA

§ B1053  Magnesia in Asia founded. [1053 BCE]

Event Date: -1053 LA

§ B1049  Mycena in Italy — or Cumae — founded.
2nd of the Athenians, Acastus, for 36 years. [1049 BCE]

Event Date: -1049 LA

§ B1045  Myrina founded.
Ephesus founded by Andronicus. [1045 BCE]

Event Date: -1045 LA

§ B1039  Carthage was founded by Carchedon from Tyre, as some suppose; but others though suppose it was founded by his daughter Dido, 143 years after the Trojan War. [1039 BCE]

Event Date: -1039 LA

§ B1036  2nd of the Hebrews, Solomon son of David, for 40 years.
The Ionian emigration, in which some write that Homer participated. [1036 BCE]

Event Date: -1036 LA

§ B1032  Solomon begins to build the temple in Jerusalem, and completes the work in 7 years. Moreover the whole time, from Moses and the exodus of Israel from Egypt until the present time, is counted as 480 years, as the third Book of Kings bears witness.
According to the third book of Kings, from Moses and the departure of Israel from Egypt down to Solomon and the building of the Temple, there are counted 480 years. From the flood until Moses, 1,447 years. From Adam until the flood, 2,242 years. Altogether 4,169 years. [1032 BCE]

Event Date: -1032 LA

§ B1029  3rd of the Corinthians, Agelaus, for 37 years. [1029 BCE]

Event Date: -1029 LA

§ B1027  6th of the Latins, Alba Silvius, son of Aeneas Silvius, for 39 years. [1027 BCE]

Event Date: -1027 LA

§ B1026  31st of the Assyrians, Laosthenes, for 45 years. [1026 BCE]

Event Date: -1026 LA

§ B1023  4th of the Lacedaemonians, Labotes, for 37 years.
Zadok, 8th priest of the Hebrews from Aaron, is considered illustrious. [1023 BCE]

Event Date: -1023 LA

§ B1018  There were prophesying: Zadok, Achias Silonites, and Sameas [1018 BCE]

Event Date: -1018 LA

§ B1016  Some say that Homer and Hesiod lived in these times. [1016 BCE]

Event Date: -1016 LA

§ B1013  3rd of the Athenians, Archippus, for 19 years.
According to some Carthage is founded by Dido. Others indeed proclaim the date written above. [1013 BCE]

Event Date: -1013 LA

§ B1005  The Thracians were the third to control the sea, for 19 years. [1005 BCE]

Event Date: -1005 LA

§ B1004  In Egypt in the 21st Dynasty reigned Smendis, for 26 years. [1004 BCE]

Event Date: -1004 LA

§ B999  Beginning of the Hebrews in Samaria Among the Hebrews, who were in Samaria and were called Israel, Jeroboam was the first to reign, for 22 years. [999 BCE]

Event Date: -999 LA

§ B996  3rd of the Hebrews, Rehoboam, for 17 years.
After the death of Solomon, sedition having arisen in the Jewish nation, and the kingdom having been divided into two, Jeroboam reigned in Samaria over ten tribes. Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Jerusalem with two tribes subject to him, which were called Judah on account of the kings of the Jews who had descended from the line of Judah, and so the name of Judah fell to the whole people of the Jews. [996 BCE]

Event Date: -996 LA

§ B994  4th of the Athenians, Thersippus for 41 years. [994 BCE]

Event Date: -994 LA

§ B992  4th of the Corinthians, Prymnis for 35 years [992 BCE]

Event Date: -992 LA

§ B988  Susacin, king of Egypt, fighting against the Jews, despoils the temple.
7th of the Latins, Aegyptus Silvius, for 24 years.
Silvius Atis, or Aegyptus, was the son of the previous King of Alba. [988 BCE]

Event Date: -988 LA

§ B986  5th of the Lacedaemonians, Dorysthus, for 29 years.
Samos founded, and Smyrna expanded into city status. [986 BCE]

Event Date: -986 LA

§ B981  32nd of the Assyrians, Peritiades, for 30 years. [981 BCE]

Event Date: -981 LA

§ B979  After whom 4th Abijah, for 3 years. [979 BCE]

Event Date: -979 LA

§ B978  After whom Pseusennes for 41 years. [978 BCE]

Event Date: -978 LA

§ B976  After whom 5th Asa, a righteous man, for 41 years. [976 BCE]

Event Date: -976 LA

§ B974  Abimelech, high priest of the Hebrews, is considered illustrious.
2nd of the Hebrews of Israel, Nadab, for 2 years.
There were prophesying Ahijah, and he who had been at the altar of Samaria, [974 BCE]

Event Date: -974 LA

§ B972  After whom 3rd Baasha, for 24 years.
The Thracians crossing over from Strymon occupied Bebrycia which is now called Bithynia.
Azariah, also called Iddo; Start of 61st jubilee according to the Hebrews and Ananiah. [972 BCE]

Event Date: -972 LA

§ B966  The Thracians controlled the sea. [966 BCE]

Event Date: -966 LA

§ B964  8th of the Latins, Capis Silvius, for 28 years.
Son of the previous king Atis. [964 BCE]

Event Date: -964 LA

§ B962  The Thracians controlled the sea. [962 BCE]

Event Date: -962 LA

§ B957  6th of the Lacedaemonians, Agesilaus, for 44 years
5th of the Corinthians, Bacchis, for 35 years.
From him their kings were surnamed Bacchids [957 BCE]

Event Date: -957 LA

§ B953  5th of the Athenians, Phorbas, for 31 years [953 BCE]

Event Date: -953 LA

§ B951  33rd of the Assyrians, Ophratheus, for 20 years [951 BCE]

Event Date: -951 LA

§ B948  After whom 4th, Hela, for 2 years [948 BCE]

Event Date: -948 LA

§ B946  5th of the Hebrews of Israel, Ambri for 12 years. [946 BCE]

Event Date: -946 LA

§ B937  Of the Egyptians, Nephercheres, for 4 years. [937 BCE]

Event Date: -937 LA

§ B936  9th of the Latins, Carpentus Sylvius, for 13 years a Carpentus Sylvius (was) the son of Capys, the previous king. [936 BCE]

Event Date: -936 LA

§ B935  6th of the Hebrews in Judah, Jehosaphat, a righteous man, for 25 years. [935 BCE]

Event Date: -935 LA

§ B934  6th of the Hebrews in Israel, Ahab, for 22 years. [934 BCE]

Event Date: -934 LA

§ B933  Of the Egyptians, Amenophis, for 9 years. [933 BCE]

Event Date: -933 LA

§ B929  34th of the Assyrians, Ophratanes, for 50 years.
Among the Hebrews there were prophesying: Obadiah, Jehu, Uzziah, Micaiah; but false prophets were Zedekiah Eliezer [925 BCE]

Event Date: -929 LA

§ B924  After whom Osochor, for 6 years. [924 BCE]

Event Date: -924 LA

§ B923  After whom Tiberinus Sylvius for 8 years.
Tiberinus, son of Carpentius, (flourished) from whom also a river was named Tiber which previously used to be called the Albula. [923 BCE]

Event Date: -923 LA

§ B918  6th of Athenians, Megacles, for 30 years
6th of the Corinthians, Agelas, for 30 years.
After whom Psinaches, for 9 years [918 BCE]

Event Date: -918 LA

§ B916  The Rhodians controlled the sea fourth, for 23 years. [916 BCE]

Event Date: -916 LA

§ B915  11th of the Latins, Agrippa Silvius, for 40 years.
Agrippa (was) the son of Tiberinus. [915 BCE]

Event Date: -915 LA

§ B913  7th of the Lacedaemonians, Archelaus, for 60 years.
In the Latin history we discover these things written word-for-word: When Agrippa is reigning among the Latins, the poet Homer is important in Greece, as Apollodorus the Grammarian and Euphorbus the Historian testify, 124 years before the founding of Rome, and so Cornelius Nepos says, 100 years before the first Olympiad. [913 BCE]

Event Date: -913 LA

§ B912  7th of the Hebrews of Israel, Ahaziah, for 2 years. [912 BCE]

Event Date: -912 LA

§ B910  7th of the Hebrews of Judah, Joram, for 8 years.
After whom 8th, Joram, for 12 years. [910 BCE]

Event Date: -910 LA

§ B909  Of the Egyptians, Pseusennes, for 35 years.
There were prophesying: Elijah, Elishah [909 BCE]

Event Date: -909 LA

§ B903  Elijah is caught up (to heaven). [903 BCE]

Event Date: -903 LA

§ B902  After whom 8th, Ahaziah, for 1 year [902 BCE]

Event Date: -902 LA

§ B901  After whom, his mother Athaliah, for 7 years; Jonadab son of Rehab is considered important. [901 BCE]

Event Date: -901 LA

§ B898  After whom 9th, Jehu for 28 years. [898 BCE]

Event Date: -898 LA

§ B896  Jehoiada is considered a most notable high priest among the Hebrews, who alone after Moses lived for 130 years. [896 BCE]

Event Date: -896 LA

§ B894  After whom 10th, Joash, for 40 years. [894 BCE]

Event Date: -894 LA

§ B892  7th of the Athenians, Diognetus, for 28 years
7th of the Corinthians, Eudemus, for 25 years.
The Phrygians controlled the sea fifth, for 25 years. [892 BCE]

Event Date: -892 LA

§ B887  Zechariah, prophet of the Hebrews, is murdered. [887 BCE]

Event Date: -887 LA

§ B883  Lycurgus is considered notable. [883 BCE]

Event Date: -883 LA

§ B881  35th of the Assyrians, Acrazapes, for 42 years [881 BCE]

Event Date: -881 LA

§ B874  12th of the Latins, Aremulus Silvius, for 19 years.
Sylvius [A]remulus, son of Agrippa, the previous king, stationed a garrison of the Alban people among the hills where Rome now is; who on account of his impiety, died later having been struck by lightning. The son of this man was Julius, the great-grandfather of Julius Proculus, who, migrating with Romulus to Rome, founded the gens Julia. [874 BCE]

Event Date: -874 LA

§ B870  22nd Dynasty of Egypt. Sesonchosis, for 21 years.
10th of Israel, Joachaz, for 17 years [870 BCE]

Event Date: -870 LA

§ B867  8th of the Corinthians, Aristomedes, 35 years [867 BCE]

Event Date: -867 LA

§ B864  8th of the Athenians, Phereclus, for 19 years.
The Cypriots controlled the sea sixth, for 32 years. [864 BCE]

Event Date: -864 LA

§ B863  The prophet Elisha dies. [863 BCE]

Event Date: -863 LA

§ B860  Among the Hebrews, the prophet Zechariah is killed by King Joash. [860 BCE]

Event Date: -860 LA

§ B856  13th of the Latins, Aventinus Sylvius, for 37 years.
Aventinus, the elder son of the previous king, Remulus, having died and been buried on that hill which is now a part of the City, gave that place its permanent name. [856 BCE]

Event Date: -856 LA

§ B854  11th of the Hebrews in Judah, Amaziah, for 29 years. [854 BCE]

Event Date: -854 LA

§ B853  11th of Israel, Joash, for 16 years.
8th of the Lacedaemonians, Teleclus, for 40 years.
Of Egypt, Osorthon, for 15 years. [853 BCE]

Event Date: -853 LA

§ B850  Some think that Carthage was founded in this period; but others in fact as we recounted above. [850 BCE]

Event Date: -850 LA

§ B845  9th of the Athenians, Ariphron, for 20 years.
During the time of Ariphron, the kingdom of the Assyrians was destroyed, and Sardanapalus, as some tend to write. [845 BCE]

Event Date: -845 LA

§ B839  36th of the Assyrians, [140/141]
Thonos Concoleros, who used to be called Sardanapalus in Greek, for 20 years [839 BCE]

Event Date: -839 LA

§ B838  After whom Tacelothis, for 13 years. [838 BCE]

Event Date: -838 LA

§ B837  After whom 12th, Jeroboam, for 41 years.
The Phoenicians controlled the sea seventh for 45 years. [837 BCE]

Event Date: -837 LA

§ B832  9th of the Corinthians, Agemon, for 16 years. [832 BCE]

Event Date: -832 LA

§ B830  Sardanapalus at the same time founded Tarsus and Anchiale: and, conquered in battle by Arbaces the Mede, he burned himself up in a fire. [830 BCE]

Event Date: -830 LA

§ B825  12th of Judah of the Hebrews, Azariah, also called Oziah, for 52 years.
10th of the Athenians, Thespiseus, for 27 years.
23rd dynasty of Egypt. Petubastis for 25 years [142/143]
Beginning of the kingship of the Macedonians [825 BCE]

Event Date: -825 LA

§ B819  History declares that the kings of the Assyrians existed up to this time, and together they make up 1197 years. However all the years of the kingship of the Assyrians from the first year of Ninus add up to 1240.
14th of the Latins, Procas Silvius, for 23 years.
The son of Aventinus the previous king.
In Media the first to reign was Arbaces for 28 years.
Lycurgus codifies the laws for the Lacedaemonians.
After the Assyrian empire had been destroyed, Arbaces the Mede transferred the kingdom to the Medes, and government was meanwhile exercised without princes until Deioces, king of the Medes. However in the intervening time, the Chaldaeans almost prevailed, of whose kings separate successions are recounted. The rest of the nations also had their own kings. [819 BCE]

Event Date: -819 LA

§ B816  10th of the Corinthians, Alexander, for 25 years. [816 BCE]

Event Date: -816 LA

§ B814  Temple of Juno burned down. [814 BCE]

Event Date: -814 LA

§ B813  9th of the Lacedaemonians, [Th]Alcamenes, for 37 years.
First king of the Macedonians, Caranus, for 28 years. [813 BCE]

Event Date: -813 LA

§ B809  Hesiod is considered notable, as Porphyry maintains. [809 BCE]

Event Date: -809 LA

§ B803  Among the Hebrews were prophesying: [803 BCE]

Event Date: -803 LA

§ B800  The Egyptians nicknamed their king Osorthon Hercules.
Of Egypt, Osorthon, for 9 years. [800 BCE]

Event Date: -800 LA

§ B798  11th of the Athenians, Agamestor, for 20 years.
Phidon the Argive was the first to discover weights and measures. [798 BCE]

Event Date: -798 LA

§ B793  13th of Israel, Zechariah, for 6 months. After him, Shallum for [45] days.
After him, Menahem for 10 years.
15th of the Latins, Amulius Sylvius, for 44 years.
The Laws of Lycurgus adopted in this period in Lacedaemon, according to the opinion of Apollodorus.
Numitor the elder son of the previous king, Proca, expelled from the kingdom by his brother Amulius, lived on his own farm. His daughter was selected as a vestal virgin to remove any possibility of a child. She was buried alive in the earth according to the law, because in the 27th year of her uncle's reign she had given birth to twin babies. Indeed, Faustulus, a palace shepherd, carried off the little ones exposed near the bank of the Tiber to his wife, Acca Laurentia. She, on account of her beauty and greed to make money from her body, used to be named 'Lupa' (She-wolf) by the neighbours, whence down to our own memory, brothels of whores are called 'lupanaria' (wolf dens). When the boys had grown up, having gathered a band of shepherds and robbers, after Amulius had been killed at Alba, they restored their grandfather Numitor to power. [793 BCE]

Event Date: -793 LA

§ B791  2nd of the Medes, Sosarmus, for 30 years.
11th of the Corinthians, Telestes, for 12 years.
After whom Psammus for 10 years [791 BCE]

Event Date: -791 LA

§ B789  The first trireme sailed in Corinth. [789 BCE]

Event Date: -789 LA

§ B785  After whom Phaceas, for 10 years.
2nd of the Macedonians, Coenus, for 12 years. [785 BCE]

Event Date: -785 LA

§ B784  After the Phoenicians, the Egyptians controlled the sea. [784 BCE]

Event Date: -784 LA

§ B781  Dynasty 24. Bocchorus for 44 years. [781 BCE]

Event Date: -781 LA

§ B779  After him, Automenes for 1 year; after these, the yearly prytaneis were established in Corinth. [779 BCE]

Event Date: -779 LA

§ B778  12th of the Athenians, Aeschylus, for 23 years.
The first king of the Lydians, Ardysus, son of Alyattes, for 36 years. [778 BCE]

Event Date: -778 LA

§ B776  The kings of the Lacedaemonians came to an end.
First Olympiad; From the captivity of Troy, until the first Olympiad, 405 years.
Africanus writes that the first Olympiad was in the times of Joathan, king of the Hebrews.
Bocchorus established laws for the Egyptians, in whose reign a lamb spoke.
In the second year of Aeschylus, judge of the Athenians, the first Olympiad held, in which Coroebus the Elian was champion.
The Elians hold a contest every fifth year, with four years elapsed between, in which four annual leaders are created; Iphitus, son of Praxonides or of Haemo, was the first to create this system of Olympiads.
Also, our own computation has shown it at this same time period. Moreover Africanus writes — I will transcribe his words — in this manner: Aeschylus, son of Agamestor, held leadership among the Athenians for 28 years; in this period, Joathan was ruling in Jerusalem. We ourselves have also placed Joathan in the first Olympiad.
From this time, Greek history is believed to be true in the matter of dates: for before this, as it seemed to everyone, they have advanced different opinions.
1st Olympiad [776 BCE]

Event Date: -776 LA

§ B775  17th of Israel, Phacee, for 20 years.
In his reign, Tiglath Pileser, king of the Assyrians, carried off a large part of the people of the Jews to Assyria.
Arctinus of Miletus is considered as a most eminent versifier. [775 BCE]

Event Date: -775 LA

§ B773  13th of the Hebrews of Judah, Joatham, for 16 years.
3rd of the Macedonians, Tyrimmas for 38 years.
Romulus and Remus are born of Mars and Ilia. [773 BCE]

Event Date: -773 LA

§ B772  2nd Olympiad [772 BCE]

Event Date: -772 LA

§ B771  The trireme sailed at Athens for the first time, with Aminocleus leading the way. [771 BCE]

Event Date: -771 LA

§ B769  Those also above were prophesying. [769 BCE]

Event Date: -769 LA

§ B768  3rd Olympiad [768 BCE]

Event Date: -768 LA

§ B767  Hesiod is considered important, according to some. [767 BCE]

Event Date: -767 LA

§ B765  There were prophesying: [765 BCE]

Event Date: -765 LA

§ B764  4th Olympiad; Cynaethon, the Lacedaemonian poet, who wrote the Telegonia, is well-known. [764 BCE]

Event Date: -764 LA

§ B761  3rd of the Medes, Madyus, for 40 years.
The people of Thera founded Cyrene, the oracle so decreeing, and Battus, whose real name was Aristaeus, was the founder of the city. [761 BCE]

Event Date: -761 LA

§ B760  5th Olympiad; The poet Eumelus who composed the Pagonia and the Europia, and (the poet) Arctinus who composed the Aethiopis and the Iliupersis (the sack of Troy), are well known. [760 BCE]

Event Date: -760 LA

§ B759  Aradus the island-town is founded. [759 BCE]

Event Date: -759 LA

§ B757  14th of the Hebrews of Judah, Ahaz, for 16 years.
In Lacedaemon the first ephor — which is the name of the magistracy — is established: however it was under the Lacedaemonian kings for 350 years. [757 BCE]

Event Date: -757 LA

§ B756  6th Olympiad; Cyzicus founded. [756 BCE]

Event Date: -756 LA

§ B755  Of Israel, Osee for 9 years.
Alcmaeon for 2 years, 13th of the Athenians.
Rome founded on the Palilia, which is now a festal day.
Several Roman writers report that Rome was founded. [755 BCE]

Event Date: -755 LA

§ B753  Remus slain with a pastoral shovel by Fabius, the general of Romulus.
14th of the Athenians, Charops for 10 years.
The leaders at Athens who had ruled the state for life came to an end; and in 10 years the custom changed to have a magistrate: and the first to reign was Carops, son of Aeschylus.
Because of the security of the place of refuge, a vast multitude is gathered to Romulus. [753 BCE]

Event Date: -753 LA

§ B752  7th Olympiad
16th of the Latins, Romulus reigns for 38 years; The Sabine women carried off at the Consus Games in the third year from the founding of the city, and one, the most beautiful of the virgins, is picked out by the shouted agreement of all the abductors for Romulus' general Thalassus; whence during wedding ceremonies they shout from the crowd 'For Thalassus!' — which is to say the bride is so pretty it is right for Thalassus to have her. [752 BCE]

Event Date: -752 LA

§ B749  The Milesians controlled the sea for 18 years, and they constructed Naucratis, a city in Egypt. [749 BCE]

Event Date: -749 LA

§ B748  8th Olympiad [748 BCE]

Event Date: -748 LA

§ B747  Thales of Miletus, the natural philosopher, is well known. [747 BCE]

Event Date: -747 LA

§ B746  The first captivity of Israel.
The ten tribes of the nation of the Jews who were called Israel, and were in the part of Samaria conquered by Sennacherib, also called Shalmaneser, King of the Chaldeans, were taken off into the mountains of Media: and the kingship is in Samaria for 250 years.
Sennacherib, king of the Chaldeans, sent Assyrians into the neighbouring regions to garrison the region of Judaea, who, having become enviers of the law of the Jews, were called Samaritans: which in the Latin language is expressed as 'guards'.
The Ceninenses, Antemnates, Crustumini, Fidenates and Veientes, who had made war on account of the abduction of the Sabine women, are conquered by Romulus.
The Lacedaemonians were waging war against the Messenians for 20 years. [746 BCE]

Event Date: -746 LA

§ B744  9th Olympiad [744 BCE]

Event Date: -744 LA

§ B743  15th of the Athenians, Aesimides, for 10 years; Eumelus of Corinth the versifier is well known; also the Erythrean Sybil. [743 BCE]

Event Date: -743 LA

§ B742  2nd of the Lydians, Alyattes, for 14 years [742 BCE]

Event Date: -742 LA

§ B741  15th of the Hebrews of Judah, Hezekiah, for 29 years.
Midas reigned in Phrygia. [741 BCE]

Event Date: -741 LA

§ B740  10th Olympiad; Naxus founded in Sicily. [740 BCE]

Event Date: -740 LA

§ B739  Among the Hebrews Isaiah and Hosea were prophesying. [739 BCE]

Event Date: -739 LA

§ B738  Syracuse founded in Sicily. [738 BCE]

Event Date: -738 LA

§ B736  11th Olympiad; Catinia is founded in Sicily. [736 BCE]

Event Date: -736 LA

§ B735  4th of the Macedonians, Perdiccas for 51 years.
25th Dynasty of Egypt.
Sabacho the Ethiopian for 12 years.
Messenia is captured by the Lacedaemonians. [735 BCE]

Event Date: -735 LA

§ B733  Tarpeia was crushed by the round-shields of the Sabines; from which the Tarpeian hill takes its name, on which the Capitol now stands.
After whom Clidicus [in Athens] for 10 years. Year 1. [733 BCE]

Event Date: -733 LA

§ B732  12th Olympiad [732 BCE]

Event Date: -732 LA

§ B728  13th Olympiad; When Tatius, King of the Sabines, was ruling with Romulus, the Romans came to be called 'Quirites' from Cures.
3rd of the Lydians, Meles, for 12 years.
Romulus was the first to recruit soldiers from the people, and 100 of the most noble old men as senators on account of their age, and on account of the similarity of care, he called them fathers. Also he constructed the temples and the walls of the Roman city. [728 BCE]

Event Date: -728 LA

§ B724  14th Olympiad [724 BCE]

Event Date: -724 LA

§ B723  After whom Hippomenes, for 10 years.
Sabacho, having captured Bocchoris alive, exiled him.
Of Egypt, Sebichos, for 12 years. [723 BCE]

Event Date: -723 LA

§ B721  4th of the Medes, CARDICEAS for 13 years; The Carians controlled the sea. [721 BCE]

Event Date: -721 LA

§ B720  15th Olympiad; The war that was waged in Thyrea between the Lacedaemonians and the Argives. [720 BCE]

Event Date: -720 LA

§ B717  In Sicily, Chersonesus founded. [717 BCE]

Event Date: -717 LA

§ B716  16th Olympiad
4th of the Lydians, Candaules, for 17 years.
Romulus never reappeared from the She-Goat Marsh; and, by the persuasion of Lucius Proculus, he was deified with the name of Quirinus. [716 BCE]

Event Date: -716 LA

§ B714  2nd of the Romans, Numa Pompilius, for 41 years.
After Romulus had died, Senators ruled the republic for five days, and so 1 year was completed, which period was called the Interregnum.
Numa Pompilius added two months to the year — January and February — , although before this there had been only ten months among the Romans. Also, he constructed the Capitol from the ground up and he gave a public donation: coppers, woodens, and leathers. [714 BCE]

Event Date: -714 LA

§ B713  18th of the Athenians, Leocrates, for 10 years. [713 BCE]

Event Date: -713 LA

§ B712  17th Olympiad; 16th of the Hebrews of Judah, Manasseh, for 55 years.
The Sibyl, who is also called Herophila in Samos, is considered notable. [712 BCE]

Event Date: -712 LA

§ B711  Numa Pompilius did not wage any wars with his neighbours.
Of Egypt, Taracus the Ethiopian, for 20 years.
Nicomedia founded, which previously used to be called Astacus. [711 BCE]

Event Date: -711 LA

§ B708  18th Olympiad; Croton and Parium and Sybaris founded.
5th of the Medes, Deioces, for 53 years.
Diocles founded Ecbatana. [708 BCE]

Event Date: -708 LA

§ B706  The ones who were called the 'virgin-born' founded Tarentum, and then the Corinthians founded Corcyra. [706 BCE]

Event Date: -706 LA

§ B704  19th Olympiad [704 BCE]

Event Date: -704 LA

§ B703  After whom, Apsander, for 10 years. [703 BCE]

Event Date: -703 LA

§ B700  20th Olympiad [700 BCE]

Event Date: -700 LA

§ B699  After whom 5th, Gyges, for 36 years [699 BCE]

Event Date: -699 LA

§ B696  21st Olympiad; When Midas was reigning among the Phrygians, he died from drinking the blood of a bull. [696 BCE]

Event Date: -696 LA

§ B693  20th of the Athenians, Eryxias, for 10 years.
Glaucus of Chios first figured out how to stick iron to itself. [693 BCE]

Event Date: -693 LA

§ B692  22nd Olympiad [692 BCE]

Event Date: -692 LA

§ B691  26th Dynasty of Egypt. [A]MERRES the Ethiopian reigned for 11 years.
In Sicily Gela, in Pamphylia Phaselis are founded. [691 BCE]

Event Date: -691 LA

§ B688  23rd Olympiad; The most noted Hipponax is restored. [688 BCE]

Event Date: -688 LA

§ B685  Chalcedon founded. [685 BCE]

Event Date: -685 LA

§ B684  24th Olympiad
5th of the Macedonians, Argaeus, for 38 years. [684 BCE]

Event Date: -684 LA

§ B683  At Athens, annual archons were established. After the kingship had been ended, nine leaders, chosen from the city's nobles, presided over the Athenians. [683 BCE]

Event Date: -683 LA

§ B680  25th Olympiad [680 BCE]

Event Date: -680 LA

§ B679  After whom Stephinathis, for 7 years.
Cyzicus, and Locris in Italy, founded. [679 BCE]

Event Date: -679 LA

§ B676  26th Olympiad [676 BCE]

Event Date: -676 LA

§ B673  Tullus Hostilius was the first of the kings of the Romans to use purple and the fasces, and afterwards he was burned up with his house by lightning.
3rd of the Romans, Tullus Hostilius, for 32 years. [673 BCE]

Event Date: -673 LA

§ B672  27th Olympiad; Of Egypt, Nechepsos, for 6 years. [672 BCE]

Event Date: -672 LA

§ B670  After the Carians, the Lesbians controlled the sea, for 68 years. [670 BCE]

Event Date: -670 LA

§ B668  28th Olympiad; The barefoot festival first held in Lacedaemon. [668 BCE]

Event Date: -668 LA

§ B666  After whom, Necho, for 8 years.
The Sibyl, who is also called Herophila, is considered noble in Samos. [666 BCE]

Event Date: -666 LA

§ B664  29th Olympiad a Tullus Hostilius, after a long peace, revived wars; he conquered the Albans, Veii, inhabitants of Fidenae, and, the Caelian Hill having been added on, he enlarged the City.
Archilochus and Simonides, and Aristoxenus the musician, are considered illustrious. [664 BCE]

Event Date: -664 LA

§ B663  6th of the Lydians, Ardys, for 37 years.
Zeleucus, proposer of laws among the Locrians, is celebrated for his abundant eloquence. [663 BCE]

Event Date: -663 LA

§ B660  30th Olympiad; Cypselus exercises a tyranny in Corinth for 28 years. [660 BCE]

Event Date: -660 LA

§ B659  Byzantium founded. [659 BCE]

Event Date: -659 LA

§ B658  Psammetichus, for 44 years.
Alcmaeon is considered important, and Lesches of Lesbos, who composed the Little Iliad. [658 BCE]

Event Date: -658 LA

§ B657  17th of the Hebrews of Judah, Amon, for 12 years a According to the translation of the LXX elders, Amon reigned for twelve years; according to the Hebrews, for two years.
The community of Histrus founded in Pontus. [657 BCE]

Event Date: -657 LA

§ B656  31st Olympiad [656 BCE]

Event Date: -656 LA

§ B655  Acanthus and Stagera founded. [655 BCE]

Event Date: -655 LA

§ B654  6th of the Medes, Phraortes, for 24 years.
Lampsacus and Abdera founded. [654 BCE]

Event Date: -654 LA

§ B652  32nd Olympiad; Phalaris exercises a tyranny over the Agrigentines. [652 BCE]

Event Date: -652 LA

§ B650  In Sicily, Selinus founded. [650 BCE]

Event Date: -650 LA

§ B648  33rd Olympiad [648 BCE]

Event Date: -648 LA

§ B647  In Pontus, Boristhenes founded. [647 BCE]

Event Date: -647 LA

§ B646  6th of the Macedonians, Philip, for 38 years. [646 BCE]

Event Date: -646 LA

§ B645  After whom, 18th, Josiah the Just for 32 years. [645 BCE]

Event Date: -645 LA

§ B644  34th Olympiad [644 BCE]

Event Date: -644 LA

§ B642  Hilkiah, high priest of the Hebrews, is considered notable. [642 BCE]

Event Date: -642 LA

§ B641  4th of the Romans, Ancus Marcius, for 23 years.
Terpander the musician is considered notable. [641 BCE]

Event Date: -641 LA

§ B640  35th Olympiad; Thales the Milesian, son of Examius, the first natural philosopher, is well known, who they say lived down to the 58th Olympiad. [640 BCE]

Event Date: -640 LA

§ B639  Greece first used the Dodonean Oracle. [639 BCE]

Event Date: -639 LA

§ B637  Messenia withdrew from the alliance of the Lacedaemonians. [637 BCE]

Event Date: -637 LA

§ B636  36th Olympiad [636 BCE]

Event Date: -636 LA

§ B635  The Scythians penetrated as far as Palestine. [635 BCE]

Event Date: -635 LA

§ B633  Jeremiah began to prophesy.
Myrtheus [Tyrtaeus?] the Athenian poet is recognised. [633 BCE]

Event Date: -633 LA

§ B632  37th Olympiad; Battus founded Cyrene. [632 BCE]

Event Date: -632 LA

§ B630  7th of the Medes, Cyaxares, for 32 years.
Sinope founded.
Lipara founded. [630 BCE]

Event Date: -630 LA

§ B629  The woman Hulda was prophesying among the Hebrews. [629 BCE]

Event Date: -629 LA

§ B628  38th Olympiad; Periander exercised a tyranny among the Corinthians. [628 BCE]

Event Date: -628 LA

§ B627  Prusias founded. [627 BCE]

Event Date: -627 LA

§ B626  7th of the Lydians, Sadyattes, for 15 years.
Epidamnus founded, which afterwards was called Dyrrachium. [626 BCE]

Event Date: -626 LA

§ B625  Zephaniah and Jeremiah were prophesying.
The tyranny of Phalaris destroyed. [625 BCE]

Event Date: -625 LA

§ B624  39th Olympiad; Draco, proposer of laws, is well known, as it seems to some. [624 BCE]

Event Date: -624 LA

§ B622  Ancus Martius, the grandson of Numa by his daughter, added the Aventine Hill and the Janiculum to the city, and founded Ostia on the sea, at the 16th milestone from the City: at the end, he perished in an illness.
Cyaxares, fighting against the Assyrians, captures the city of Nineveh. [622 BCE]

Event Date: -622 LA

§ B620  40th Olympiad [620 BCE]

Event Date: -620 LA

§ B618  5th of the Romans, Tarquinius Priscus, for 37 years.
Tarquinius Priscus constructed the Capitol.
Arion of Methymna is considered important, who is said to have been carried from Delphi to (Cape) Taenarum. [618 BCE]

Event Date: -618 LA

§ B616  41st Olympiad; Josiah, King of the Jews, is slain when he encounters Necho King of the Egyptians, and it strikes me as a miracle how each meets the other in the present time, especially when the Divine Scripture calls this same Pharaoh 'Necho'. [616 BCE]

Event Date: -616 LA

§ B614  Of Egypt, a second Nechao, also called Nechepsos, for 6 years.
Panaetius was the first to seize the tyranny in Sicily. [614 BCE]

Event Date: -614 LA

§ B613  19th of the Hebrews of Judah, Jehoahaz, for 3 months. After whom 20th Eliakim, also called Jehoiakim, for 11 years. [613 BCE]

Event Date: -613 LA

§ B612  42nd Olympiad [612 BCE]

Event Date: -612 LA

§ B611  8th of the Lydians, Alyattes, for 49 years.
Stesichorus the poet is considered important. [611 BCE]

Event Date: -611 LA

§ B610  In the third year of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylonia, captures Judah, and after very many of the Jews have been taken away into his jurisdiction, when he had also seized a part of the Temple's vessels, and made Jehoiakim into a tributary, he returns as a victor to his homeland. [610 BCE]

Event Date: -610 LA

§ B609  Alcman, so it seems to some, is well known. [609 BCE]

Event Date: -609 LA

§ B608  43rd Olympiad After whom Psammuthes the second, also called Psammetichus, for 12 years.
Cyaxares the Mede overthrew the city of Nineveh. [608 BCE]

Event Date: -608 LA

§ B607  Pittacus of Mytilene, who was (one) of the Seven Sages, when he encountered the Olympic winner Phryno the Athenian, killed him. [607 BCE]

Event Date: -607 LA

§ B605  In Babylon Daniel, Ananias, Azarias, and Misael are considered important. [605 BCE]

Event Date: -605 LA

§ B604  44th Olympiad [604 BCE]

Event Date: -604 LA

§ B602  This Babylonian king drags him off captive with him, while coming a second time to Judah.
Perinthus founded. [602 BCE]

Event Date: -602 LA

§ B601  Of the Hebrews of Juda, Jehoiachin, also called Jechoniah, for 3 months. After whom Zedekiah, for 11 years.
Jeremiah and Baruch were prophesying.
The city of Camerina founded. [601 BCE]

Event Date: -601 LA

§ B600  45th Olympiad; The poets Sappho and Alcaeus are considered important. [600 BCE]

Event Date: -600 LA

§ B598  8th of the Medes, Astyages, for 38 years.
Tarquinius Priscus built the Circus at Rome, augmented the number of Senators, instituted the Ludi Romani, built walls and sewers, and finally was slain by the sons of Ancius, his king, to whom he himself had succeeded.
Massilia founded, a city in Gaul. [598 BCE]

Event Date: -598 LA

§ B596  46th Olympiad; Epimenides purified Athens.
Of Egypt, Vaphres, for 30 years. [596 BCE]

Event Date: -596 LA

§ B594  After the laws of Draco had been rejected, except for those which pertained to shedding blood, Solon established his own laws. [594 BCE]

Event Date: -594 LA

§ B592  47th Olympiad [592 BCE]

Event Date: -592 LA

§ B590  The first year of the captivity of Jerusalem.
The people of Judah are captured.
Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Chaldeans, after Jerusalem had been captured, burned down the temple, which from the start of its construction had stood for 442 years.
Indeed, Clement agrees with our opinion in the first book of the Stromateis, asserting that the Captivity of the Jews took place in the 47th Olympiad, while Vaphres was reigning in Egypt, and Phenippus in Athens; and by calculation, 70 years from the destruction of the Temple until the second year of Darius.
When Jerusalem had been captured, the remnant of the Jews fled from the Assyrians over to Vaphres, the king of Egypt. Even the Prophet Jeremiah makes mention of this Vaphres.
In these times, those competing in contest were given a 'tragus' — that is, a goat — whence they say tragedians are so-called.
Of the captivity of the Hebrews and the destruction of the Temple that was in Jerusalem, 70 years. [590 BCE]

Event Date: -590 LA

§ B588  48th Olympiad; The monarchy of the Corinthians was destroyed. [588 BCE]

Event Date: -588 LA

§ B586  An eclipse of the sun happened, as Thales had said beforehand would happen. [586 BCE]

Event Date: -586 LA

§ B585  In Babylon prophesied [585 BCE]

Event Date: -585 LA

§ B584  49th Olympiad [584 BCE]

Event Date: -584 LA

§ B582  8th of the Macedonians, Alcetas, for 29 years.
Alyattes and Astyages fought. [582 BCE]

Event Date: -582 LA

§ B581  6th of the Romans, Servius, for 34 years.
Servius, the son of a captive but noble-born servant, added three hills to the City: the Quirinal, the Viminal, and the Esquiline. He drew trenches around the walls.
He was first to institute a census of the Roman citizens. And, in the end, he was slain by the wicked deed of Tarquinius Superbus, his own son-in-law and son of the previous king.
The Isthmian games, after Melicertes, and the Pythian games first held. [581 BCE]

Event Date: -581 LA

§ B580  50th Olympiad [580 BCE]

Event Date: -580 LA

§ B579  The seven sages so called. [579 BCE]

Event Date: -579 LA

§ B577  Astyages fights against the Lydians. [577 BCE]

Event Date: -577 LA

§ B576  51st Olympiad; Anaximander of Miletus the natural philosopher is well known. [576 BCE]

Event Date: -576 LA

§ B573  The Nemean games first held by the Argives, after those that had been in the time of Archemoros. [573 BCE]

Event Date: -573 LA

§ B572  52nd Olympiad; After Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Babylonians, had died, Evilmerodach received power, to whom succeeded his brother Belshazzar, in whose reign Daniel interpreted the writing that had appeared on the wall, signifying that the power of the Chaldaeans would pass to the Medes and Persians. [572 BCE]

Event Date: -572 LA

§ B571  Phalaris exercised a tyranny for 16 years. [571 BCE]

Event Date: -571 LA

§ B568  53rd Olympiad; Abaris came from Scythia into Greece. [568 BCE]

Event Date: -568 LA

§ B567  Eugamon the Cyrenaean, who made [wrote] the Telegony, is well known. [567 BCE]

Event Date: -567 LA

§ B566  Of Egypt, Amasis, for 42 years.
The gymnastic games which are called the Panathenaeon held. [566 BCE]

Event Date: -566 LA

§ B564  54th Olympiad; Aesop is murdered by the Delphians. [564 BCE]

Event Date: -564 LA

§ B562  9th of the Lydians, Croesus, for 15 years.
Pisistratus, tyrant of the Athenians, crosses into Italy. [562 BCE]

Event Date: -562 LA

§ B560  55th Olympiad Cyrus destroyed the power of the Medes and reigned over the Persians, having overthrown Astyages, king of the Medes.
Anaximenes the natural philosopher is well known.
Cyrus, after the captivity of the Hebrews had been relaxed, caused nearly 50,000 men to return to Judaea. They built an altar and laid the foundations of the Temple. However, because construction was held up by neighbouring nations, the work remained unfinished down to the time of Darius, with only the altar standing.
First of the Persians, Cyrus, for 30 years.
The poet Stesichorus dies. [560 BCE]

Event Date: -560 LA

§ B559  Simonides is considered important. [559 BCE]

Event Date: -559 LA

§ B556  56th Olympiad; Chilo, who was of the Seven Sages, in Lacedaemon is appointed ephor. [556 BCE]

Event Date: -556 LA

§ B555  The kingship of the Lydians ended.
Haggai and Zechariah were prophesying; in this period, Jeshua son of Jozadak and Zerubbabel, of the royal family, son of Shealtiel, are considered important, who were also the leaders of those who returned to Judaea. [555 BCE]

Event Date: -555 LA

§ B554  Xenophanes of Colophon is considered important. [554 BCE]

Event Date: -554 LA

§ B553  9th of the Macedonians, Amyntas, for 50 years.
Those things which are recorded about Croesus, how he tested the oracle. [553 BCE]

Event Date: -553 LA

§ B552  57th Olympiad [552 BCE]

Event Date: -552 LA

§ B551  Croesus initiated a war against Cyrus. [551 BCE]

Event Date: -551 LA

§ B549  The whole period of the captivity of the Jews is reckoned as 70 years, which according to some are counted from the third year of Joachim to the 20th year of Cyrus king of the Persians.
Further, according to others, (this number of years is counted) from year
13 of Josiah king of the Judaeans, in whose reign Jeremiah began to prophesy, until the first year of the aforementioned king Cyrus. In fact the 70 years of the desolation of the temple are completed in the time of Darius the king.
The temple of Delphian Apollo burned down for the second time. [549 BCE]

Event Date: -549 LA

§ B548  58th Olympiad; Thales dies. [548 BCE]

Event Date: -548 LA

§ B547  7th of the Romans, Tarquinius, for 35 years Croesus was taken prisoner by Cyrus: and the kingdom of the Lydians, which lasted for 130 years, was destroyed.
Cyrus captures Sardis.
Tarquin the Proud contrived chains, leather whips, clubs, shackles, quarry-chains, prisons, exiles, and mines.
Harpagus, who Cyrus used to consider as his best general, fights against Ionia. [547 BCE]

Event Date: -547 LA

§ B544  59th Olympiad Theognis the poet is considered important. [544 BCE]

Event Date: -544 LA

§ B542  Pisistratus for the second time reigns in Athens. [542 BCE]

Event Date: -542 LA

§ B541  Pherecides the historian is considered important.
Hybicus the writer of poems is well known. [541 BCE]

Event Date: -541 LA

§ B540  60th Olympiad; Simonides the lyric poet, and Phocylides, and Xenophanes the natural philosopher and writer of tragedies are considered important. [540 BCE]

Event Date: -540 LA

§ B537  Tarquinius Superbus, after his father-in-law Servius had been murdered, seized the throne. He subjugated the Volsci, the Gabii, Suessa, and Pometia: and when he attacked Ardea, on account of his son, Tarquin the Younger, who had defiled Lucretia, he was driven out from the kingship. [537 BCE]

Event Date: -537 LA

§ B536  61st Olympiad; Anacreon the lyrical poet is well known. [536 BCE]

Event Date: -536 LA

§ B533  At Samos three brothers Polycrates, Sylus, and Pantagnostus exercise tyranny. [533 BCE]

Event Date: -533 LA

§ B532  62nd Olympiad [532 BCE]

Event Date: -532 LA

§ B531  Tomyris, queen of the Massagetai, killed Cyrus. [531 BCE]

Event Date: -531 LA

§ B530  2nd of the Persians, Cambyses, for 8 years; The Samians founded Dicaearchia, which is now called Puteoli.
They say that this Cambyses was called by the Hebrews Nebuchadnezzar II, in whose reign the story of Judith is composed.
Pythagoras the natural philosopher is considered important. [530 BCE]

Event Date: -530 LA

§ B528  63rd Olympiad; Hipparchus and Hippias exercise tyranny in Athens. [528 BCE]

Event Date: -528 LA

§ B527  Among the Hebrews, the high priest Jeshua son of Jozadak and the leader of the nation, Zerubbabel are considered important. [527 BCE]

Event Date: -527 LA

§ B524  64th Olympiad
27th Dynasty of Egypt, of the Persians. Indeed Cambyses occupied Egypt in the 5th year of his reign.
Until Darius son of Xerxes, for 111 years; Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi were the most recent to prophesy among the Hebrews. [524 BCE]

Event Date: -524 LA

§ B523  3rd of the Persians, two magi brothers, for 7 months, after whom, 4th, Darius, for 36 years.
In the second year of Darius the king, the Temple in Jerusalem is constructed by Zerubbabel, and the work is concluded in the 4th year.
Clement also agrees with this, writing thus in the first book of his And the captivity lasted for 70 years down to the second year of Darius the son of Hystaspes, who reigned over the Persians, Assyrians, and Egypt: in whose reign Haggai and Zechariah, and one of the Twelve who is called 'Messenger' (Malachi), prophesied, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak discharged the high priesthood. The aforementioned man (writes) these things. However, that the seventy years of the abandonment of the Temple had been completed in the second year of Darius, Zechariah the prophet bears internal witness, saying in Darius's second year: Almighty Lord, how long will you not have pity on Jerusalem, and on the cities of Judah, which you disdained? That year is the 70th.

However the end of the captivity of the Jews, and the permission to rebuild the temple began under Cyrus: the temple is finished in fact under Darius; because the neighbouring nations had impeded the building with unremitting attacks.

Event Date: -523 LA

§ B520  65th Olympiad; In which was the second year of Darius, son of Hystaspis, king of the Persians.
Harmodius and Aristogiton killed the tyrant Hipparchus, and the courtesan Leaena their friend, when compelled with torments, lest she betray her companions, she amputated her tongue with her teeth. [520 BCE]

Event Date: -520 LA

§ B516  66th Olympiad; The temple of Jerusalem is completed, when Haggai and Zechariah are prophesying among the Jews. [516 BCE]

Event Date: -516 LA

§ B512  67th Olympiad; After the kings had been expelled from the City, Rome was holding power barely as far as the 15th milestone. The seven kings of the Romans from Romulus until Tarquinius Superbus reigned for 240 years, or as some prefer, 243. [512 BCE]

Event Date: -512 LA

§ B509  After the kings had been expelled, first two consuls began to exist at Rome, from Brutus; then tribunes of the plebs and dictators, and then consuls again controlled the Republic for close to 464 years, until Julius Caesar, who was the first to seize sole rule, in the 183rd Olympiad. [509 BCE]

Event Date: -509 LA

§ B508  68th Olympiad; The Aeginetans controlled the sea 17th for 20 years until the crossing of Xerxes. [508 BCE]

Event Date: -508 LA

§ B506  Valerius, the colleague of the consul Brutus, died so poor that he was interred at public expense. [506 BCE]

Event Date: -506 LA

§ B504  69th Olympiad; At Rome, after a census had been taken, there were found to be 120,000 men. [504 BCE]

Event Date: -504 LA

§ B503  Of the Macedonians, Alexander, for 43 years;
Nine years after the kings were expelled, a new rank was created, that is, the dictatorship, and the Master of the Horse, who would answer to the dictator. Largius was the first Dictator, and Spurius Cassius the Master of Horse. [503 BCE]

Event Date: -503 LA

§ B500  70th Olympiad; Hellanicus the historian, and Democritus the philosopher, and Heraclitus surnamed 'the Dark', and Anaxagoras the natural scientist are considered important. [500 BCE]

Event Date: -500 LA

§ B497  Pythagoras the philosopher dies. [497 BCE]

Event Date: -497 LA

§ B496  71st Olympiad; The Volsci destroyed Corioli.
Aeschylus the writer of tragedies is well known. [496 BCE]

Event Date: -496 LA

§ B495  The Latins rebelled against the Romans. [495 BCE]

Event Date: -495 LA

§ B494  After an uprising had happened, the people of Rome, seceded from the fathers. [494 BCE]

Event Date: -494 LA

§ B493  Marcius, who had captured Corioli, withdrew his army from its siege of the City (Rome) by the intervention of his mother Veturia and his wife Volumnia. [493 BCE]

Event Date: -493 LA

§ B492  72nd Olympiad; The war that was waged in Marathon, and those things that are written about Miltiades and Aristides who was surnamed the Just. [492 BCE]

Event Date: -492 LA

§ B489  Panyasis the poet is considered illustrious. [489 BCE]

Event Date: -489 LA

§ B488  300 nobles of the Fabian family slaughtered by the people of Veii.
When the Roman soldiers were besieged on mount Algidus, they were freed by the dictator Quintius Cincinnatus.
73rd Olympiad; Egypt was severed from Darius. [488 BCE]

Event Date: -488 LA

§ B487  Gelo occupied Syracuse. [487 BCE]

Event Date: -487 LA

§ B486  Pindar and Simonides the lyrical poets are considered notable. [486 BCE]

Event Date: -486 LA

§ B485  At Rome, the Vestal Virgin Pompilia, discovered in unchastity, was buried alive.
5th of the Persians, Xerxes son of Darius, for 20 years. [485 BCE]

Event Date: -485 LA

§ B484  74th Olympiad; Xerxes captures Egypt.
Aristides is expelled with ignominy. [484 BCE]

Event Date: -484 LA

§ B483  Choerilus and Phrynicus are considered illustrious. [483 BCE]

Event Date: -483 LA

§ B482  Diagoras is well known, and the followers of his natural philosophy. [482 BCE]

Event Date: -482 LA

§ B481  Xerxes, when he had come to Athens, burned down the city, at the time of the leadership of Callias. [481 BCE]

Event Date: -481 LA

§ B480  75th Olympiad; The war that was waged in Thermopylae. and the naval battle off Salamis. [480 BCE]

Event Date: -480 LA

§ B479  The Athenians fortify Piraeus with a wall. [479 BCE]

Event Date: -479 LA

§ B478  Hieron reigns at Syracuse. [478 BCE]

Event Date: -478 LA

§ B477  Aeschylus the tragedian is well known. [477 BCE]

Event Date: -477 LA

§ B476  76th Olympiad; War in Plateia and Mycale. [476 BCE]

Event Date: -476 LA

§ B475  After Gelon, Hieron exercises tyranny at Syracuse. [475 BCE]

Event Date: -475 LA

§ B473  Pindar the musician is considered important. [473 BCE]

Event Date: -473 LA

§ B472  77th Olympiad; Themistocles flees to the Persians.
Start of the 71st jubilee according to the Hebrews. [472 BCE]

Event Date: -472 LA

§ B471  Sophocles, the tragedian, first published the works of his ingenuity. [471 BCE]

Event Date: -471 LA

§ B470  At Rome, the vestal virgin Sunia, discovered in unchastity, was buried alive. [470 BCE]

Event Date: -470 LA

§ B469  Sophocles and Euripides are considered important. [469 BCE]

Event Date: -469 LA

§ B468  78th Olympiad; Herodotus the historical writer is well known.
Bacchylides and Diagoras are celebrated at Athens for their superlative eloquence. [468 BCE]

Event Date: -468 LA

§ B467  Zeuxis the painter is well-known; some people judge that the so-called 'the bath of the Byzantines' is one of his paintings, many of which he made on commission. [467 BCE]

Event Date: -467 LA

§ B466  Themistocles dies from a draught of bull's blood.
Socrates is born. [466 BCE]

Event Date: -466 LA

§ B465  A stone fell from the sky into the Aegos River.
6th of the Persians, Artabanus, for 7 months, after whom, 7th, Artaxerxes, who was surnamed Long-Hand, for 40 years. [465 BCE]

Event Date: -465 LA

§ B464  79th Olympiad; These things were written about Esther and Mordecai: some affirm that they took place under this king, which I do not think; for Ezra, who writes that in this time Ezra and Nehemiah were returned from Babylon, and the subsequent deeds which are reported to have been performed by them, would not have been silent about Esther. [464 BCE]

Event Date: -464 LA

§ B462  subsequent deeds which are reported to have been performed by them, would not have been silent about Esther.
Sicily was ruled by the people. [462 BCE]

Event Date: -462 LA

§ B461  Cimon overcomes the Persians in naval and land battle near the Eurimedontis: and halts the Median war. [461 BCE]

Event Date: -461 LA

§ B460  Of the Macedonians, Perdiccas, for 28 years.
An eclipse of the sun happened.
80th Olympiad; Anaxagoras dies. [460 BCE]

Event Date: -460 LA

§ B459  Heraclitus is considered important.
Evenus the poet is important.
Ezra the priest, notable among the Hebrews, is well-known, in whose time the high priesthood was held by Eliashib, son of Joakim, son of Jeshua, son of Jozadak. Moreover Ezra was most well-learned in the Divine Law, and an important teacher of all the Jews who had returned from captivity to Judaea. [459 BCE]

Event Date: -459 LA

§ B456  81st Olympiad; Empedocles and Parmenides are considered most notable natural philosophers. [456 BCE]

Event Date: -456 LA

§ B455  Zeno and Heraclitus the Dark are well known.
Pherecydes the second writer of history is well known. [455 BCE]

Event Date: -455 LA

§ B454  Cratinus and Plato the writers of comedies are considered important. [454 BCE]

Event Date: -454 LA

§ B453  Aristarchus the tragedian is well known.
The very famous centennial games of Rome first held.
302 years from the founding of the City, the Decemvirs were created, and after one year they were ejected on account of Appius Claudius, who wished to abduct the daughter of a certain Virginius who was fighting against the Latins in Algidus. [453 BCE]

Event Date: -453 LA

§ B452  82nd Olympiad; The Romans through ambassadors sought out laws from the Athenians, from which the Twelve Tables were inscribed. [452 BCE]

Event Date: -452 LA

§ B451  Crates the writer of comedies, and Telesilla and Bacchylides the lyric poets, are considered important: likewise, Praxilla and Cleobulina are renowned. [451 BCE]

Event Date: -451 LA

§ B448  The temple of Juno that had been at Argos burned down.
Abaris the Hyperborean Seer is well known.
83rd Olympiad; Tribunes of the plebs and aediles created at Rome, after the consuls had been ejected.
Nehemiah the Hebrew, the attendant of King Artaxerxes, with the permission of his master, came to Judaea from Babylon in his 20th year, [448 BCE]

Event Date: -448 LA

§ B447  and in his 32nd year restored the walls and the city. Ezra writes that the task was completed under the high priest Joiada, Joasib, who was succeeded by his own son, Jonathan, who lived in the time of Alexander of Macedon. [447 BCE]

Event Date: -447 LA

§ B446  Up to this point, the divine Scriptures of the Hebrews contain annals of time: those things which happened among them after these things, we provide from the book of Maccabees, and Josephus, and from the writings of Africanus, which thereafter continued the universal history until the Roman period. [446 BCE]

Event Date: -446 LA

§ B445  The Athenians and Lacedaemonians initiate a treaty of 30 years. [445 BCE]

Event Date: -445 LA

§ B444  Herodotus was honoured for reading his books in the assembly at Athens.
84th Olympiad; Melissus the natural philosopher is well known. [444 BCE]

Event Date: -444 LA

§ B443  Euripides the tragedian is considered important, and Protagoras the sophist, whose books the Athenians burned by a public decree. [443 BCE]

Event Date: -443 LA

§ B440  85th Olympiad; At Rome consuls again created. [440 BCE]

Event Date: -440 LA

§ B439  Phidias makes an ivory Minerva. [439 BCE]

Event Date: -439 LA

§ B438  The Fidennates rebel against the Romans.
Theaetetus the mathematician is well known. Aristophanes is considered important, and Sophocles the tragic poet. [438 BCE]

Event Date: -438 LA

§ B436  86th Olympiad; The Campanian gens established in Italy.
Democritus of Abdera, and Empedocles, and Hippocrates the doctor, Gorgias, and Hippias, and Prodicus and Zeno and Parmenides the philosophers are considered notable. [436 BCE]

Event Date: -436 LA

§ B432  Socrates is celebrated for his superlative eloquence.
Ezra recalls that Nehemiah, who constructed the walls of Jerusalem, had finished the work in the 32nd year of Artaxerxes, king of the Persians. If someone should count from this point the 70 weeks (of years), written of by Daniel, which come to 490 years, he will find them fulfilled in the reign of Nero, in whose reign Jerusalem, after it had begun to be besieged, is seized in the second year of Vespasian.
11th of the Macedonians, Archelaus for 24 years.
87th Olympiad; Beginning of the Peloponnesian war. [432 BCE]

Event Date: -432 LA

§ B431  Bacchylides the song writer is well known. [431 BCE]

Event Date: -431 LA

§ B430  The Athenians suffer in the plague. [430 BCE]

Event Date: -430 LA

§ B429  Thucydides is well known.
Pericles dies. [429 BCE]

Event Date: -429 LA

§ B428  88th Olympiad; Eupolis and Aristophanes, writers of comedies, are well-known. [428 BCE]

Event Date: -428 LA

§ B426  Fire erupted from Mount Etna. [426 BCE]

Event Date: -426 LA

§ B425  Among the Locrians, when Atlantis had been split off by an earthquake, the city became an island.
Plato is born. [425 BCE]

Event Date: -425 LA

§ B424  89th Olympiad
8th of the Persians, Xerxes the second, for two months. After which the 9th, Sogdianus, for seven months. To whom succeeds 10th Darius, surnamed Nothus, for 19 years.
The Lacedaemonians and Athenians strike a treaty. [424 BCE]

Event Date: -424 LA

§ B423  Eudoxus the Cnidian is considered important. [423 BCE]

Event Date: -423 LA

§ B422  The Lacedaemonians found the city of Heraclea, fulfilling a sacred vow. [422 BCE]

Event Date: -422 LA

§ B420  90th Olympiad; [420 BCE]

Event Date: -420 LA

§ B415  91st Olympiad; Egypt is severed from the Persians and Amyrtaeus the Saite reigned for 6 years.
The calamity which happened to the Athenians in Sicily. [415 BCE]

Event Date: -415 LA

§ B413  Alcibiades fled as a fugitive to Tisaphernes. [413 BCE]

Event Date: -413 LA

§ B412  92nd Olympiad; Euboea secedes from the federation of the Athenians. [412 BCE]

Event Date: -412 LA

§ B408  93rd Olympiad; Of the Macedonians, Orestes, for 3 years.
Euripides dies staying with Archelaus, and Sophocles at Athens. [408 BCE]

Event Date: -408 LA

§ B407  28th Dynasty of Egypt. Nepherites for 6 years. [407 BCE]

Event Date: -407 LA

§ B405  11th of the Persians, Artaxerxes, who was surnamed Mnemon, son of Darius and Parysatis, for 40 years.
In the reign of this king, it seems to me, the story which is contained in the book of Esther came to pass: of course he is the one who is called 'Ahasuerus' by the Hebrews, and 'Artaxerxes' by the LXX translators. [405 BCE]

Event Date: -405 LA

§ B404  94th Olympiad [404 BCE]

Event Date: -404 LA

§ B401  Dionysius exercises a tyranny at Syracuse.
14th of the Macedonians, Amyntas, for 1 year.
After whom Achoris, for
12 years.
The Athenians support tyranny.
Isocrates the orator is well known. [401 BCE]

Event Date: -401 LA

§ B400  After whom Pausanias, for 1 year.
29th dynasty of Egypt, of the Mendesians.
Democritus dies.
Pharnabazus kills Alcibiades.
The Anabasis of King Cyrus, about which Xenophon writes.
95th Olympiad; The tyrants overthrown at Athens. [400 BCE]

Event Date: -400 LA

§ B399  The Athenians began to use 24 letters, when previously they had only had 16 letters.
Xenophon the son of Gryllus, and Ctesias are considered important.
After whom Amyntas for 6 years.
Socrates drinks poison. [399 BCE]

Event Date: -399 LA

§ B398  Temple at Ephesus burned down again. [398 BCE]

Event Date: -398 LA

§ B397  The followers of Socrates are considered important. [397 BCE]

Event Date: -397 LA

§ B396  96th Olympiad; Diogenes the Cynic is well known. [396 BCE]

Event Date: -396 LA

§ B395  Speusippus is considered notable. [395 BCE]

Event Date: -395 LA

§ B393  Dionysius persists in tyranny.
After whom Argaeus for 2 years.
The famous Carthaginian War. [393 BCE]

Event Date: -393 LA

§ B392  97th Olympiad; Eudoxus the astrologer is well known. [392 BCE]

Event Date: -392 LA

§ B391  After whom Amyntas again for 18 years.
The Senones Gauls occupied Rome, except for the Capitol. [391 BCE]

Event Date: -391 LA

§ B389  Of Egypt, Psammuthes, for 1 year. [389 BCE]

Event Date: -389 LA

§ B388  98th Olympiad; Plato the philosopher is well known.
After whom Nepherites for 4 months.
The military tribunes began to be in place of the consuls. [388 BCE]

Event Date: -388 LA

§ B387  After whom Nectanebis for 18 years. [387 BCE]

Event Date: -387 LA

§ B387  Nectanebis for 18 years.
Evagoras driven mad when he was reigning in Cyprus. [387 BCE]

Event Date: -387 LA

§ B384  99th Olympiad; 30th dynasty of Egypt, of the people of Sebennythos. [384 BCE]

Event Date: -384 LA

§ B382   [382 BCE]

Event Date: -382 LA

§ B380  100th Olympiad; The Peloponnesian cities of Helice and Bura were swallowed up in a great earthquake. [380 BCE]

Event Date: -380 LA

§ B377  The Praenesti conquered by the Romans at the River Allia by Quinctius Cincinnatus. [377 BCE]

Event Date: -377 LA

§ B376  The Athenians made leaders of Greece.
101st Olympiad; Isocrates the rhetor is well known. [376 BCE]

Event Date: -376 LA

§ B374  Plato and Xenophon, and likewise other followers of Socrates are considered important.
Of the Macedonians, Alexander, for 1 year.
[374 BCE]

Event Date: -374 LA

§ B372  102nd Olympiad; After whom Ptolemy Alorites, for 4 years. [372 BCE]

Event Date: -372 LA

§ B369  Of Egypt, Teo, for 2 years.
Teo the king of Egypt flees to Arabia. [369 BCE]

Event Date: -369 LA

§ B368  103rd Olympiad; After whom Perdiccas, for 6 years.
Dionysius the king of Sicily dies in his 19th year, after whom Dionysius the younger takes possession of the kingdom. [368 BCE]

Event Date: -368 LA

§ B367  30th Dynasty of the Egyptians. Nectanebo, for 18 years.
Aristotle, during the 18th year of his life, is a hearer of Plato. [367 BCE]

Event Date: -367 LA

§ B365  12th of the Persians, Artaxerxes, also called Ochus, for 26 years [365 BCE]

Event Date: -365 LA

§ B364  104th Olympiad; Alexander of Pherae is well-known. [364 BCE]

Event Date: -364 LA

§ B363  Camillus defeats the Gauls, who had made war on the Romans.
The kingship of the Egyptians was destroyed. [363 BCE]

Event Date: -363 LA

§ B362  Of the Macedonians, Philip, for 26 years. [362 BCE]

Event Date: -362 LA

§ B360  105th Olympiad;
Demosthenes the orator is well known. [360 BCE]

Event Date: -360 LA

§ B359  Ochus, having captured Apodasmus of the Jews, settled her deported inhabitants in Hyrcania, by the Caspian sea. [359 BCE]

Event Date: -359 LA

§ B356  106th Olympiad; Dionysius is driven from Sicily. [356 BCE]

Event Date: -356 LA

§ B355  Alexander, son of Philip and Olympias, is born. [355 BCE]

Event Date: -355 LA

§ B354  Dion of Syracuse is murdered. [354 BCE]

Event Date: -354 LA

§ B353  Hipparinus the son of Dionysus exercises tyranny over Syracuse. [353 BCE]

Event Date: -353 LA

§ B352  107th Olympiad; Erinna the poetess is well known. [352 BCE]

Event Date: -352 LA

§ B351  Ochus held Egypt, Nectanebo having been expelled into Ethiopia, in whom the kingship of the Egyptians was destroyed. Up to this point, (the narrative is according to) Manetho. [351 BCE]

Event Date: -351 LA

§ B346  108th Olympiad; Ochus overthrew Sidon, and annexed Egypt to his empire.
Demosthenes the Orator is celebrated in the opinion of all.
The Romans defeat the Gauls. [346 BCE]

Event Date: -346 LA

§ B345  Dionysius sailed to Corinth under a truce. [345 BCE]

Event Date: -345 LA

§ B344  Plato dies, after whom Speusippus headed the Academy.
109th Olympiad; The Romans, since they had defeated the Samnites in two battles, brought all the neighbouring regions back under their own rule because they had withdrawn from her alliance. [344 BCE]

Event Date: -344 LA

§ B341  Dionysius driven away to Corinth. [341 BCE]

Event Date: -341 LA

§ B340  110th Olympiad; At Rome, a survey having been carried out, there were found to be 160,000 citizens. [340 BCE]

Event Date: -340 LA

§ B339  13th of the Persians, Arses, son of Ochus, 4 years.
Jad, high priest of the Jews, is considered important.
Speusippus dies, to whom Xenocrates succeeded. [339 BCE]

Event Date: -339 LA

§ B339  111th Olympiad; Of the Macedonians, Alexander, son of Philip, for 12 years, 6 months. [BC336]

Event Date: -336 LA

§ B333  After whom Darius, 14th, son of Arsamus, for 6 years.
Manasseh, the brother of Jad the high priest of the Jews, constructs a temple on Mount Garizin.
Alexander, fighting successfully against the Illyrians and Thracians, having destroyed Thebes, took up arms against the Persians, and at the River Granicus, overpowering the royal generals, captures the city of Sardis.
The Roman consul Manlius Torquatus beat his son with rods and executed him with an axe, because he had disobeyed orders by fighting against the enemy. [333 BCE]

Event Date: -333 LA

§ B332  112th Olympiad;
After the capture of Tyre, Alexander takes possession of Judaea, and being received favourably there, sacrifices victims to God, compliments the high priest of the temple with many honors, and as guardian of the holy places sends forth Andromachus, whom the Samaritans later kill: on account of which things, after returning from Egypt, Alexander put them to death with great torment, and hands over their captured city to the Macedonians to dwell in. [332 BCE]

Event Date: -332 LA

§ B330  Alexandria founded in Egypt, in the seventh year of Alexander's reign: at which time also the Latins were subdued by the Romans. [330 BCE]

Event Date: -330 LA

§ B329  The kingship of the Persians was destroyed.
Alexander occupied Babylon after Darius had been killed, in whom the kingship of the Persians was destroyed.
Alexander reigns in Asia in the 7th year of his reign and holds it all for 12 years.
Anaximenes and Epicurus are considered important.
Alexander captures the Hyrcanians and Mardians, and returning, he founded Paraetonium in Ammon. [329 BCE]

Event Date: -329 LA

§ B328  113th Olympiad;
Alexander captures the Aornus rock and crosses the River Indus. [328 BCE]

Event Date: -328 LA

§ B327  Alexander's war in India against Porus and Taxila. [327 BCE]

Event Date: -327 LA

§ B326  Harpalus flees to Attica.
The Romans subjugate the Samnites, and plant colonies. [326 BCE]

Event Date: -326 LA

§ B324  114th Olympiad; Alexander dies in the 32nd year of his life in Babylon. After him, power was transferred into many hands.

At Rome Appius Claudius Caecus is considered important, who introduced the Claudian aqueduct and laid out the Appian Way.
Lysimachus held Lydia, Thrace and the Hellespont.
The generals of the Macedonians turned to sedition. [324 BCE]

Event Date: -324 LA

§ B323  Agathocles exercises tyranny at Syracuse.
The war against Lamia set in motion.
Perdiccas fights against the Egyptians. [323 BCE]

Event Date: -323 LA

§ B322  Ptolemy the son of Lagus, after he had gained control of Jerusalem and Judaea by treachery, transferred very many captives into Egypt.
Onias the high priest of the Jews, the son of Jad, is considered important. [322 BCE]

Event Date: -322 LA

§ B321  Menander, showing his first play, named Orgen, wins.
Theophrastus the philosopher is well-known, who, so Cicero says, received this name because of his god-like speech. [321 BCE]

Event Date: -321 LA

§ B320  115th Olympiad; Demetrius of Phalerum is considered illustrious. [320 BCE]

Event Date: -320 LA

§ B319  The Romans battling against the Samnites for a long time, finally reduce them to servitude.
In Asia, Antigonus reigns for 18 years. [319 BCE]

Event Date: -319 LA

§ B317  Of the Macedonians, Cassander, for 19 years. [317 BCE]

Event Date: -317 LA

§ B316  116th Olympiad; The philosophers Menedemus and Speusippus are considered notable. [316 BCE]

Event Date: -316 LA

§ B312  117th Olympiad;
The Hebrew history of the Maccabees reckons the kingship of the Greeks from this year. But these books are not accepted as part of divine Scripture.
In Syria and Babylon and the upper regions reigned Seleucus Nicator, for 32 years.
The Romans defeat the Marsi, Umbri, and Peligni. [312 BCE]

Event Date: -312 LA

§ B311  From this point the Edessenes calculate their dates.
The Romans plant colonies. [311 BCE]

Event Date: -311 LA

§ B310  Lysimachia founded in Thrace.
Ptolemy invaded Cyprus. [310 BCE]

Event Date: -310 LA

§ B309  Theodorus the Atheist is well known. [309 BCE]

Event Date: -309 LA

§ B308  118th Olympiad; Demetrius of Phalerum went to Ptolemy, and persuaded him to restore democracy at Athens. [308 BCE]

Event Date: -308 LA

§ B304  119th Olympiad; Seleucus founded the cities of Antioch, Laodicia, Seleucia, Apamia, Edessa, Beroea, and Pella, of which he constructed Antioch in the 12th year of his kingship.
Seleucus occupied Babylon. [304 BCE]

Event Date: -304 LA

§ B302  120th Olympiad; In Asia, Demetrius, also called Poliorcetes, for 17 years.
The high priest of the Jews, Simon the son of Onias, is considered important, to whom 'the Just' was the sobriquet because of his religious reverence towards God and his clemency towards his fellow-citizens.
Of the Macedonians, the sons of Cassander, Antigonus and Alexander, for 4 years. [302 BCE]

Event Date: -302 LA

§ B300  121st Olympiad; Demetrius, king of Asia, surnamed Poliorcetes, devastates the city of the Samaritans, which Perdiccas had constructed.
Demetrius, for 6 years.
[300 BCE]

Event Date: -300 LA

§ B294  A census of Rome having been taken, there were found to be 270,000 Roman citizens were found. [294 BCE]

Event Date: -294 LA

§ B293  Ambassadors of the Alexandrians having been sent for the first time to Rome by Ptolemy, they procured friendship. [293 BCE]

Event Date: -293 LA

§ B292  122nd Olympiad; Demetrius handed himself over to Seleucus.
Menander the writer of comedies dies. [292 BCE]

Event Date: -292 LA

§ B291  The Romans defeat the Gauls and the Tyrrhenians: and the land of the Sabines is apportioned by lot.
Seleucus transfers Jews into those cities that he had constructed, granting them the right of citizenship and municipal rank in honour equal to the Greeks. 123rd Olympiad; Of the Macedonians, Pyrrhus, for 7 months
Eleazar the brother of Simon took over the supervision of the temple as high priest of the Jews, because Onias the son of Simon was still a young boy.
After whom, Lysimachus, for 5 years.
After capturing Demetrius in Cilicia, Seleucus ruled both in Syria and Asia. [291 BCE]

Event Date: -291 LA

§ B286  Serapis was introduced at Alexandria. [286 BCE]

Event Date: -286 LA

§ B285  Ariminum and Beneventum founded by the Romans. [285 BCE]

Event Date: -285 LA

§ B284  124th Olympiad; 2nd of Egypt, Ptolemy Philadelphus, for 38 years
Sostratus of Cnidius constructed the Pharos in Alexandria.
Antigonus, surnamed Gonatas, occupied Lacedaemon.
The Romans capture Croton. [284 BCE]

Event Date: -284 LA

§ B283  Ptolemy Philadelphus permitted the Jews, who were in Egypt, to be free men: and, transmitting a votive vessel to Eleazar, high priest at Jerusalem, he arranged for the divine scriptures — which he had in the Alexandrian library that he had collected for himself from every kind of literature — to be translated into Greek speech from the Hebrew language by LXX translators. [283 BCE]

Event Date: -283 LA

§ B282  Of the Macedonians, Ptolemy, surnamed Keraunos.
Meleager for 2 months, Antipater for 45 days, after whom Sosthenes for 2 years. [282 BCE]

Event Date: -282 LA

§ B280  In Syria and Asia, after Seleucus reigned Antiochus Soter, for 19 years.
125th Olympiad; Antigonus Gonatas, for 36 years. [280 BCE]

Event Date: -280 LA

§ B276  126th Olympiad; One of the Roman virgins, caught in an (act of) corruption, is punished. [276 BCE]

Event Date: -276 LA

§ B275  Milo handed over Tarentum to the Romans. [275 BCE]

Event Date: -275 LA

§ B274  The Romans held Calabria and Messana. [274 BCE]

Event Date: -274 LA

§ B272  127th Olympiad; Aratus is well known. [272 BCE]

Event Date: -272 LA

§ B271  The silver nummus minted at Rome for the first time. [271 BCE]

Event Date: -271 LA

§ B270  Polemon the philosopher dies, after whom Arcesilas and Crates are considered important. [270 BCE]

Event Date: -270 LA

§ B267  128th Olympiad; Epicurus died.
The Romans planted colonies,and many cities in Sicily were joined to them. [267 BCE]

Event Date: -267 LA

§ B266  At Rome a vestal virgin detected in unchastity ends her life with a noose. [266 BCE]

Event Date: -266 LA

§ B264  129th Olympiad; Zeno the Stoic dies, after whom (comes) Cleanthes. [264 BCE]

Event Date: -264 LA

§ B263  The Romans capture Syracuse. [263 BCE]

Event Date: -263 LA

§ B262  King Nicomedes, enlarging a city of Bithynia, named it Nicomedia. [262 BCE]

Event Date: -262 LA

§ B261  In Syria, Antiochus, who was called Theos, for 15 years. [261 BCE]

Event Date: -261 LA

§ B260  130th Olympiad; The Romans defeat the Carthaginians in a naval battle, and capture 100 cities of Libya. [260 BCE]

Event Date: -260 LA

§ B257  Erasistratus the doctor is well known. [257 BCE]

Event Date: -257 LA

§ B256  131st Olympiad; Antigonus restores liberty to the Athenians. [256 BCE]

Event Date: -256 LA

§ B255  After Eleazar, his uncle Manasses accepted the pontificate of the Jews. [255 BCE]

Event Date: -255 LA

§ B251  132nd Olympiad; The Carthaginians capture 90 Roman ships in Sicily, the consul Metellus having been put to flight. [251 BCE]

Event Date: -251 LA

§ B248  133rd Olympiad; When the Parthians had rebelled against Macedonian rule, Arsaces was the first to reign; hence they were called Arsacids. [248 BCE]

Event Date: -248 LA

§ B246  3rd of Egypt, Ptolemy Euergetes, for 26 years.
In Syria, Seleucus Callinicus, for 20 years.
Onias the high priest of the Jews, the son of Simon the Just, is considered important, who, failing to render the usual tribute to king Ptolemy, compelled him to anger. In fact, Josephus, a noble man among his own people, having been sent by the Jews as an ambassador to Ptolemy, when he had won the friendship of the king because of his many presents to him, is appointed governor of Judaea and the surrounding region. [246 BCE]

Event Date: -246 LA

§ B244  134th Olympiad [244 BCE]

Event Date: -244 LA

§ B243  Of the Macedonians, Demetrius, for 10 years.
At Rome a census having been conducted, there were found to be 260,000 men. [243 BCE]

Event Date: -243 LA

§ B242  Temple of Vesta burned down at Rome. [242 BCE]

Event Date: -242 LA

§ B240  135th Olympiad; The poet Quintus Ennius is born at Tarentum, who having been translated by Cato the quaestor to Rome, lived on the Aventine hill, content with a very meagre income and the help of one servant woman. [240 BCE]

Event Date: -240 LA

§ B236  136th Olympiad; At Rome, a vestal virgin who had been corrupted by a slave, did away with herself by her own hand. [236 BCE]

Event Date: -236 LA

§ B233  Of Macedon, Antigonus, for 15 years. [233 BCE]

Event Date: -233 LA

§ B232  137th Olympiad; The high priest of the Jews Simon, son of Onias, is considered important, in whose time, Jesus the son of Sirach composing the book of wisdom, which they call the Panareton, also made mention of Simon in it. [232 BCE]

Event Date: -232 LA

§ B228  138th Olympiad; [228 BCE]

Event Date: -228 LA

§ B227  Nearly 40,000 Gauls slaughtered by the Romans. [227 BCE]

Event Date: -227 LA

§ B236  In Syria, Seleucus Ceraunos, for 3 years. [236 BCE]

Event Date: -236 LA

§ B224  139th Olympiad; Antiochus the Great, for 36 years [224 BCE]

Event Date: -224 LA

§ B223  Caria and Rhodes were so struck by an earthquake, that the great Colossus collapsed. [223 BCE]

Event Date: -223 LA

§ B220  140th Olympiad; Of Egypt, Ptolemy Philopator, for 17 years
The events which were written in the third book of Maccabees take place in the time of this Ptolemy. [220 BCE]

Event Date: -220 LA

§ B218  Of the Macedonians, Philip, for 42 years [218 BCE]

Event Date: -218 LA

§ B216  141st Olympiad; The Jews were defeated, and 60,000 of their soldiers were slaughtered. [216 BCE]

Event Date: -216 LA

§ B215  Vestal Virgins buried alive at Rome, on account of an accusation of unchastity. [215 BCE]

Event Date: -215 LA

§ B213  Eratosthenes is well known. [213 BCE]

Event Date: -213 LA

§ B212  142nd Olympiad; The Romans capture Syracuse when Marcellus is consul.
The Romans subjugate Capua and Sicily. [212 BCE]

Event Date: -212 LA

§ B211  Antiochus, King of Syria, having conquered Ptolemy Philopator, unites Judaea with himself. [211 BCE]

Event Date: -211 LA

§ B209  Laevinus makes an alliance with Attalus, the king of Asia. [209 BCE]

Event Date: -209 LA

§ B208  143rd Olympiad; The high priest of the Jews, Onias the son of Simon, is considered notable, to whom Arrius the king of the Lacedaemonians sends legates. [208 BCE]

Event Date: -208 LA

§ B204  144th Olympiad; Scipio recaptures many cities of Spain. [204 BCE]

Event Date: -204 LA

§ B203  5th of Egypt, Ptolemy Epiphanes, for 24 years;
Ptolemy Epiphanes, having appointed Scopas general of his army, captures Judaea and many cities of Syria. [203 BCE]

Event Date: -203 LA

§ B201  Naevius the writer of comedies dies at Utica, driven from Rome by a party of nobles, but especially of Metellus. [201 BCE]

Event Date: -201 LA

§ B200  145th Olympiad; Plautus, from Sarsina in Umbria, dies at Rome; who, because of trouble over his income, had hired himself out at a baker's handmill; there, as often as he had leisure from work, he was accustomed to write and sell plays. [200 BCE]

Event Date: -200 LA

§ B199  The Romans capture Syracuse
Near Thera, an island appeared which is called Hiera. [199 BCE]

Event Date: -199 LA

§ B197  Antiochus, after defeating Scopas, recovered the cities of Syria, and Judaea willingly surrenders to him. [197 BCE]

Event Date: -197 LA

§ B196  146th Olympiad; The Romans commanded the Greeks to be free and all Spain carried out orders. [196 BCE]

Event Date: -196 LA

§ B195  Antiochus, knowing the goodwill of the Jews towards himself, presents them with great gifts, and through his letters honours them with constant praises. [195 BCE]

Event Date: -195 LA

§ B192  147th Olympiad; Antiochus, after the battle at Thermopylae in which he was defeated, agreed this between himself and the Romans, that he would pay one thousand talents each year in the name of compensation. [192 BCE]

Event Date: -192 LA

§ B190  The Romans planted many colonies.
Antiochus, having returned to friendship with Ptolemy, made peace with him; and (Ptolemy) gave him his daughter Cleopatra as wife, [190 BCE]

Event Date: -190 LA

§ B189  Antiochus, having returned to friendship with Ptolemy, made peace with him; and (Ptolemy) gave him his daughter Cleopatra as wife, and conceded Syria, Phoenicia, Samaria, and Judaea under the name of a dowry. [189 BCE]

Event Date: -189 LA

§ B188  148th Olympiad; Eumenes, who founded Eumenia in Phrygia, brother of King Attalus, is considered important.
The second book of Maccabees contains things that happened among the Jews of this time. [188 BCE]

Event Date: -188 LA

§ B187  In Syria and Asia, Seleucus, also called Philopator, for 12 years
Titus Livius, the tragedian, is considered important; who, as a reward for his ingenuity, was granted his freedom by Livius Salinator, whose children he used to teach. [187 BCE]

Event Date: -187 LA

§ B186  When Hannibal was demanded from Antiochus, with whom he had associated himself after he had been conquered by Scipio, by means of envoys, he fled to Prusias, the king of Bithynia. But when through Flaminius the Senate again were demanding him (Hannibal) also from him (Prusias), and when he was going to have to be handed over, he drank poison, and was buried at Libyssa in Bithynia. [186 BCE]

Event Date: -186 LA

§ B184  149th Olympiad; Simon, a dignitary of the temple at Jerusalem, fleeing to Apollonius the governor of Phoenicia; many gifts having been promised to him, he began to claim the priesthood for himself. [184 BCE]

Event Date: -184 LA

§ B183  When Seleucus heard about this, he sent Heliodorus to carry out the job, who, when he arrived in Judaea, judging unfairly and carrying out many crimes, is frightened away by divine omens against himself, and returns to Seleucus. However, the priest Onias had taken care that Simon should be made a fugitive. [183 BCE]

Event Date: -183 LA

§ B181  Hyrcanus, a son of Joseph the leader of Judaea, when he went abroad to visit Ptolemy, was received honorably by him. But his brothers, after a plot had been formed against him, were the cause of great tribulations for the nation of Judaea. [181 BCE]

Event Date: -181 LA

§ B180  150th Olympiad; 6th of Egypt, Ptolemy Philometor, for 35 years [180 BCE]

Event Date: -180 LA

§ B179  Statius Caecilius, the writer of comedies, is considered important. By nation he was an Insubrian Gaul and at first he was an comrade of Ennius. Some say that he came from Milan. He died in the year after the death of Ennius, and was buried next to the Janiculum. [179 BCE]

Event Date: -179 LA

§ B177  Of the Macedonians, Perseus, for 10 years. [177 BCE]

Event Date: -177 LA

§ B176  151st Olympiad; Aristobolus, by nation a Jew, the peripatetic philosopher, is well known, who writes commentaries (consisting of) explanations on (the books of) Moses for Ptolemy Philometor. [176 BCE]

Event Date: -176 LA

§ B175  In Syria and Asia, Antiochus Epiphanes, for 11 years. [175 BCE]

Event Date: -175 LA

§ B172  152nd Olympiad; Antiochus Epiphanes, when he had returned by order of the senate from the land of the Ptolemies, which he had unexpectedly invaded, came into Judaea, and there Jesus, who also was called Jason, handed over the pontificate to his brother Onias; later, having been expelled, he appointed Onias named Menelaus his successor to it. And so, strife having been started between the princes over the dignity of the priesthood, the seeds of immense miseries sprouted. [172 BCE]

Event Date: -172 LA

§ B170  153rd Olympiad; Antiochus attacks the law of the Jews: in fact firstly compelling their whole province to idolatry, those who were unwilling to comply he tortured to death. Afterwards, actually going up into Jerusalem, he devastates the temple and vessels of God which had been consecrated for ministry: he puts an image of Jupiter of Olympus in the temple, he builds a shrine of Jupiter the Foreigner in Samaria on the summit of mount Garizin, the Samaritans themselves having entreated that he should do this. In fact in this time a certain Matthathias from the priesthood, son of Hasmonaeus, in the hamlet of Modeim, taking up arms against the generals of Antiochus, also supported by the help of his sons, vindicated the laws of his country, in the 153rd Olympiad. [170 BCE]

Event Date: -170 LA

§ B168  Ennius the poet dies, older than 70, of a joint disease, and was buried in Scipio's Monument on the Appian Way within the first milestone of the City. Some claim that his bones were transferred to Rudiae from the Janiculum. [168 BCE]

Event Date: -168 LA

§ B165  After Perseus had been killed, the Romans ordered the Macedonians, Illyrians and Galatians to be free.
The kingship of the Macedonians came to an end. [165 BCE]

Event Date: -165 LA

§ B164  154th Olympiad; In Syria and Asia, Antiochus Eupator, for 2 years.
Judas, also called Maccabeus, son of Mattathias, the general of the Jews, expelling the generals of Antiochus from Judaea, and purifying the Temple from the statues of the Idols, returned the laws of his country to his countrymen after three years in the 154th olympiad. [164 BCE]

Event Date: -164 LA

§ B162  Demetrius Soter , for 12 years. [162 BCE]

Event Date: -162 LA

§ B159  155th Olympiad; Of the Jews, general Judas, for 3 years;
After Menelaus the high priest of the Jews had been slain by the younger Antiochus, who had earlier abandoned Judaea to Antiochus Epiphanes, Alcimus, an outsider to the sacerdotal tribe, through ambition takes possession of the pontificate.
On account of this Onias, son of the high priest Onias, moving into Egypt, founded a community with his name in the Heliopolitan district, after a temple in the likeness of the temple of his country had been constructed. Alcimus, indeed, while carrying on hostilities against Judas Maccabaeus, after no great time died, struck down by the wrath of God; and, so, with the approval of all the Jews, it is decided that the priesthood should go to Judas Macabaeus, who, having received that dignity, sends legates to Rome: and the Senate decreed that the Jews were to be considered friends and supporters of the Romans. [159 BCE]

Event Date: -159 LA

§ B158  Publius Terentius of Carthage, a writer of comedies, granted his freedom on account of his genius and his appearance, dies in Arcadia; before he delivered it to the aediles, he first reads the Andria to Caecilius, who was himself greatly admiring. [158 BCE]

Event Date: -158 LA

§ B157  Of the Jews, general Jonathan, for 19 years;
The battle against the generals of Demetrius having begun, Judas is killed, having carried on the pontificate for 3 years. [157 BCE]

Event Date: -157 LA

§ B156  156th Olympiad; Aristarchus the grammarian is well known. [156 BCE]

Event Date: -156 LA

§ B155  Jonathan, general of the Jews, the brother of Judas, after Bacchides the general of Demetrius had been expelled from Judaea, received the pontificate. [155 BCE]

Event Date: -155 LA

§ B154  Pacuvius of Brundisium the tragedian, the nephew of the poet Ennius by his daughter, is considered important; and he lived in Rome as long as he busied himself with painting and offered fables for sale; then, having moved to Tarentum, he died almost a nonagenarian. [154 BCE]

Event Date: -154 LA

§ B152  157th Olympiad; The false Philip reigns in Macedonia for 1 year. [152 BCE]

Event Date: -152 LA

§ B151  Alexander, son of the Antiochus who was named Epiphanes, ruling Syria and Asia, bestows on Jonathan a crown and many notable gifts. [151 BCE]

Event Date: -151 LA

§ B150  In Syria and Asia, Alexander, for 9 years and 10 months
The Romans, after the false Philip had been killed, make the Macedonians tributaries. [150 BCE]

Event Date: -150 LA

§ B148  158th Olympiad; At Alexandria, with Ptolemy judging, the Samaritans and Jews contend about the honours that are to be offered by each party to their temple, and the Jews win. [148 BCE]

Event Date: -148 LA

§ B147  The poet Lucilius is born.
At Rome, a survey having been carried out, there were found to be 322,000 men. [147 BCE]

Event Date: -147 LA

§ B146  Oppius imprisons the Galli: and Carthago is brought by Scipio under the power of the Romans, 668 years since her foundation; or, as others affirm, 748. [146 BCE]

Event Date: -146 LA

§ B144  159th Olympiad; 7th of Egypt, Ptolemy Euergetes, for 29 years.
Jonathan, both general and high priest of the Jews, makes a friendship pact with the Romans and the Spartans. [144 BCE]

Event Date: -144 LA

§ B143  Ptolemy gave his daughter as wife to Alexander, the son of Balas, king of Syria. [143 BCE]

Event Date: -143 LA

§ B142  Scipio overthrows the Numantines. [142 BCE]

Event Date: -142 LA

§ B141  Brutus subjugates Spain as far as the Ocean.
Trypho kills Jonathan, high priest of the Jews, and Simon is received into the priesthood of his brother Jonathan. [141 BCE]

Event Date: -141 LA

§ B140  In Syria and Asia, Demetrius, for 3 years.
160th Olympiad; Trypho slays Antiochus son of Alexander. [140 BCE]

Event Date: -140 LA

§ B139  Ptolemy marries off his daughter to Demetrius, along with the kingdom which he had taken away from Alexander.
L. Accius, a tragedian, is considered important. (He was) born to freed parents in the consulship of Mancinus and Serranus, and already recited his own writings to Pacuvius of Tarentus when he [Pacuvius) was an old man: from him the estate next to Pisaurum is called Accianus: since he had been brought there from the City among the colonists.
Of the Jews, Duke Simon, for 8 years. [139 BCE]

Event Date: -139 LA

§ B138  After Antiochus the son of Alexander was at length murdered, Trypho tried to invade the kingdom of Syria but next dies himself. [138 BCE]

Event Date: -138 LA

§ B137  After whom Antiochus Sidetes for 9 years.
After Demetrius, his brother Antiochus who was surnamed Sidetes reigned over all Syria. [137 BCE]

Event Date: -137 LA

§ B136  161st Olympiad; To Simon, both high priest and leader of the Jews, the Romans and the Spartans — after his emissaries had been received amicably — sent friendly greetings in return. [136 BCE]

Event Date: -136 LA

§ B134  The Slave War started in Sicily.
Simon the high priest of the Jews is slain, to whom succeeds his son John. [134 BCE]

Event Date: -134 LA

§ B133  The first book of the Maccabees contains a history of this time. [133 BCE]

Event Date: -133 LA

§ B132  162nd Olympiad; Antiochus Sidetes, king of Syria, taking up arms against Judaea and surrounding Jerusalem with a siege trench, when he had forced the high priest Simon to terms, withdraws, in the 162nd Olympiad. [132 BCE]

Event Date: -132 LA

§ B131  Of the Jews, King Hyrcanus, also called John, for 26 years. [131 BCE]

Event Date: -131 LA

§ B130  Dying, Attalus made the Roman people the heirs of his kingdom. [130 BCE]

Event Date: -130 LA

§ B129  Ptolemy expelled from Egypt. [129 BCE]

Event Date: -129 LA

§ B128  163rd Olympiad; Arsaces the Parthian killed Antiochus.
After whom Demetrius again for 4 years
The slaves, who were rebelling in Sicily, compelled by the necessity of the siege, were driven in turn to have to devour their comrades' corpses. [128 BCE]

Event Date: -128 LA

§ B126  The most renowned city of the Arvernian Gauls, and King Vituitus captured.
Close by the Aeolian islands, cast up in the fire from an eruption, appeared the island that is now called Hiera. [126 BCE]

Event Date: -126 LA

§ B124  164th Olympiad; In Syria and Asia, Antiochus Grypus, for 12 years
While John, the general and priest of the Jews, was waging war against the Hyrcanians, he received the name of Hyrcanus and, when he asked the Romans for the privilege of friendship, he was by decree of the Senate recorded on the list of friends. [124 BCE]

Event Date: -124 LA

§ B121  Colonies planted at Narbo. [121 BCE]

Event Date: -121 LA

§ B118  165th Olympiad
The Jews' priest Hyrcanus razed Samaria, which in our day is called Sebaste, which had been captured by siege. Later Herod, restoring it, wanted it to be called Sebaste in honor of Augustus. [118 BCE]

Event Date: -118 LA

§ B116  166th Olympiad; The philosopher and poet Marcus Terentius Varro is born. [116 BCE]

Event Date: -116 LA

§ B115  8th of the Egyptians, Ptolemy Physcon also called Soter, for 17 years. [115 BCE]

Event Date: -115 LA

§ B112  167th Olympiad; After whom Antiochus Cyzicenus for 18 years
Antiochus Cyzicenus, having cast out Grypus, seized Syria: and then Grypus, having defeated Cyzicenus, took it back again. Thus they were ruling in turn, fighting in turn against each other. [112 BCE]

Event Date: -112 LA

§ B108  168th Olympiad; Fighting against the Romans, Jugurtha is captured. [108 BCE]

Event Date: -108 LA

§ B107  Rhodes having been struck by an earthquake, the Colossus fell. [107 BCE]

Event Date: -107 LA

§ B106  Among the Jews, Jonathas holds the principate in a glorious way.
Cicero is born at Arpinum, to a mother named Helvia and a father of knightly rank, from the royal stock of the Volsci. [106 BCE]

Event Date: -106 LA

§ B105  Gn. Pompey the Great is born. [105 BCE]

Event Date: -105 LA

§ B104  169th Olympiad; Of the Jews, Aristobolus, for 1 year.
Aristobolus, the son of Jonathan, both king and high priest, was the first amongst the Jews to wear the insignia of the diadem, 484 years after the Babylonian captivity.
After him reigned Jannaeus surnamed Alexander, who, also controlling the pontificate, presided over the people with great cruelty.
after whom Jannaeus, also called Alexander, for 27 years. [104 BCE]

Event Date: -104 LA

§ B103  Turpilius the writer of comedies, exceedingly old, dies at Sinuessa.
Gaius Lucilius the satirical writer dies at Naples, and is given a public funeral, in the forty sixth year of his life. [103 BCE]

Event Date: -103 LA

§ B102  The poet Marcus Furius, surnamed Bibaculus, is born at Cremona.
200,000 Cimbrians slaughtered, and 80,000 captured along with their leader Teutomodus by Marius.
[102 BCE]

Event Date: -102 LA

§ B101  Gaius Marius being Consul for the fifth time, defeats the Cimbri by the Eridanus, and afterward for this celebrates a triumph with Catulus. [101 BCE]

Event Date: -101 LA

§ B100  170th Olympiad; The Thracians conquered by the Romans. [100 BCE]

Event Date: -100 LA

§ B99  Once more a Slave War flares up in Sicily. [99 BCE]

Event Date: -99 LA

§ B98  9th of the Egyptians Ptolemy, also called Alexander, for 10 years.
Ptolemy Physcon was expelled from the kingdom by his mother Cleopatra, and withdraws to Cyprus. [98 BCE]

Event Date: -98 LA

§ B96  171st Olympiad; Aquilius suppressed the Slave War in Sicily. [96 BCE]

Event Date: -96 LA

§ B95  Dying, Ptolemy King of the Cyrenes made the Romans his heirs in his will.
Seleucus is burned alive by Antiochus, the son of Cyzicenus [95 BCE]

Event Date: -95 LA

§ B94  In Syria, Philip, for 2 years;
The poet Titus Lucretius is born, who afterwards, driven mad by a love-potion, although during intervals of his insanity he had composed several books which Cicero later corrected, killed himself with his own hand in his forty-fourth year. [94 BCE]

Event Date: -94 LA

§ B93  The kingship of Syria and Asia ends. [93 BCE]

Event Date: -93 LA

§ B92  172nd Olympiad; Antiochus fleeing to the Parthians, he later surrendered himself to Pompey, after which Philip was captured by Gabinius. [92 BCE]

Event Date: -92 LA

§ B91  Syria, having been possessed by kings until this point, fell under Roman control. [91 BCE]

Event Date: -91 LA

§ B90  The Picentes, Marsians and Pelignians started a war against the Romans. [90 BCE]

Event Date: -90 LA

§ B88  Lucius Pomponius of Bononia, writer of atellans, is considered important.
173rd Olympiad
10th of Egypt, PTOLEMY, who was ejected by his mother, for 8 years. Returned from exile, he (Ptolemy) obtained the kingdom because the citizens had expelled Alexander, who had been king before him, on account of the murder of his mother. [88 BCE]

Event Date: -88 LA

§ B87  Plotius Gallus first taught Latin rhetoric at Rome, about whom Cicero thus declares: I retain the memory that, when we were boys, a certain Plotius first began to teach in Latin.
Gaius Valerius Catullus, the lyric writer, is born at Verona. [87 BCE]

Event Date: -87 LA

§ B86  Sallustius Crispus, the historical writer, is born among the Sabines, at Amiternum. [86 BCE]

Event Date: -86 LA

§ B85  Sulla devastates the Athenians.
At Rome, a survey having been carried out, there were found to be 463,000 men. [85 BCE]

Event Date: -85 LA

§ B84  174th Olympiad; The temple at Delphi burned down for the third time by the Thracians, and at Rome the Capitol. [84 BCE]

Event Date: -84 LA

§ B83  Jannaeus captures many towns. [83 BCE]

Event Date: -83 LA

§ B82  In the 26th year of his life, Cicero defends Quintius.
P. Terentius Varro, from the hamlet of the Atax, is born in the province of (Gallia) Narbonensis; after living for 35 years, he learned Greek letters with great zeal. [82 BCE]

Event Date: -82 LA

§ B81  Vultacilius Plotus, a Latin rhetor, a teacher and freedman of Gnaeus Pompey, opened a school in Rome. [81 BCE]

Event Date: -81 LA

§ B80  175th Olympiad; 11th of Egypt, Ptolemy Dionysus, for 30 years
Sulla occupied Rome, and dies after two years. [80 BCE]

Event Date: -80 LA

§ B79  Having defended Roscius against Chrysogonus, Cicero withdraws to Athens, and returns from that place to Rome after three years. [79 BCE]

Event Date: -79 LA

§ B78  Pompey celebrated a triumph most gloriously. [78 BCE]

Event Date: -78 LA

§ B77  Jannaeus devastates many communities.
Lepidus declared a public enemy.
T. Quintius Atta, a writer of national dramas, dies at Rome, and is buried at the second milestone of the Praenestine Way. [77 BCE]

Event Date: -77 LA

§ B76  Of the Jews, Alexandra reigned for 9 years.
176th Olympiad; Alexandra, also called Salina, the wife of Alexander, reigned at Jerusalem, in whose time the breakdown of government and various military disasters oppressed the Jews. [76 BCE]

Event Date: -76 LA

§ B74  The Gladiators' War in Campania. [74 BCE]

Event Date: -74 LA

§ B73  L. Lucullus was the first to be hailed 'imperator', having defeated Armenia, Mesopotamia, and captured Nisbis with the brother of the king. [73 BCE]

Event Date: -73 LA

§ B72  177th Olympiad; Pompey subjugated all Spain. [72 BCE]

Event Date: -72 LA

§ B71  M. Lucullus celebrated a triumph over the Bessi, having captured Cabilonnum, together with Tomis and the other nearby cities. [71 BCE]

Event Date: -71 LA

§ B70  Crassus celebrated a triumph. [70 BCE]

Event Date: -70 LA

§ B69  Vergil Maro is born in the community that is called Andes not far from Mantua, when Pompey and Crassus were consuls.
M. Porcius Cato the Stoic philosopher is well known. [69 BCE]

Event Date: -69 LA

§ B68  178th Olympiad; Antioch in Syria captured by the Romans.
The Cretan war started, from which Metellus was called Creticus.
The Jews made tributaries by Pompey, and Hyrcanus received the pontificate among them, for 34 years.
The grove of Daphne near Antioch is consecrated to Apollo by Pompey. [68 BCE]

Event Date: -68 LA

§ B67  Aristobulus and Hyrcanus, sons of Alexandra, fighting against each other for power, exposed an opportunity to the Romans to take possession of Judaea. And so Pompey, coming to Jerusalem after the city had been captured and the Temple had been opened, approaches up to the holy of holies; he brings Aristobolus with him as a captive, and confirms the pontificate to Hyrcanus; then he makes Antipater, the son of Herod of Ascalon, procurator of Palestine. [67 BCE]

Event Date: -67 LA

§ B65  Libya left by the will of king Appion to the Romans. [65 BCE]

Event Date: -65 LA

§ B64  The satiric and lyric poet Horace Flaccus is born at Venusia to a freedman father.
179th Olympiad; Apollodorus the Pergamene, a Greek orator, teacher of Callidius and Augustus, is considered important. [64 BCE]

Event Date: -64 LA

§ B63  Pompey, after Jerusalem had been captured, makes the Jews tributary. [63 BCE]

Event Date: -63 LA

§ B62  Those things which Sallust and Livy write about Catiline, Cethegus, and Lentulus, and the Consul Cicero, happened at this time. [62 BCE]

Event Date: -62 LA

§ B61  Cicero spends a year in exile, being received with honour by Plancius. [61 BCE]

Event Date: -61 LA

§ B60  Pompey hailed 'imperator.'
180th Olympiad; Caesar captures Lusitania and some islands in the ocean. [60 BCE]

Event Date: -60 LA

§ B59  Messalla Corvinus the orator, and Titus Livius of Padua, the writer of history, are born.
[59 BCE]

Event Date: -59 LA

§ B58  Virgil becomes learned by studies at Cremona.
Catullus dies at Rome in the 30th year of his life. [58 BCE]

Event Date: -58 LA

§ B57  M. Callidius the orator is considered important; later, having followed the Caesarean factions in the Civil War, when he was in charge of Gallia Togata, he died at Placentia. [57 BCE]

Event Date: -57 LA

§ B56  Caesar, crossing the Rhine, devastates the Germans.
The consul Crassus captured with his son at Carrae. [56 BCE]

Event Date: -56 LA

§ B55  Ventidius is the first of the Romans to defeat the Parthians. [55 BCE]

Event Date: -55 LA

§ B54  The active Populares orator Curio is considered notable in Rome; who afterwards in Africa, from the shame of losing his Army, chose to die rather than escape. [54 BCE]

Event Date: -54 LA

§ B53  Virgil, having assumed the toga, goes to Milan, and after a short time goes on to Rome. [53 BCE]

Event Date: -53 LA

§ B52  182nd Olympiad; The statue of Jupiter Olympiacus struck by lightning. [52 BCE]

Event Date: -52 LA

§ B51  Caesar captures Germans and Gauls.
12th of Egypt, Cleopatra for 22 years [51 BCE]

Event Date: -51 LA

§ B50  The beginning of the civil war of Caesar and Pompey. [50 BCE]

Event Date: -50 LA

§ B49  Diodorus Siculus, a writer of Greek history, is considered important. [49 BCE]

Event Date: -49 LA

§ B48  183rd Olympiad; Gaius Julius Caesar was the first among the Romans to attain sole power, from whom Romans holding first rank are called 'Caesars'.
First of the Romans, C. JULIUS CAESAR, for 4 years and 7 months.
From this point the Antiochenes calculate their dates.
Pompey, conquered in battle, and fleeing, is killed by the eunuchs of the king of the Alexandrians. [48 BCE]

Event Date: -48 LA

§ B47  M. Caelius the praetor and T. Annius Milo the exile crushed while simultaneously promoting a revolt in the Thurian and Bruttian regions.
Ptolemy's carcass found in the Nile wearing a golden breastplate. [47 BCE]

Event Date: -47 LA

§ B46  Caesar confirms the reign of Cleopatra in Egypt on account of the influence of her unchastity.
Julian basilica dedicated at Rome. [46 BCE]

Event Date: -46 LA

§ B45  A decree of the senate and the Athenians is sent to the Jews, who had proposed alliance through emissaries.
Cleopatra entered the City with a royal escort.
Women who have neither husbands nor children prohibited from the use of litters or pearls, and remain minors for 44 years.
Nigidius Figulus, a Pythagorean and a magician, dies in exile. [45 BCE]

Event Date: -45 LA

§ B44  184th Olympiad; Antony decreed that the month Quintilis should be called July: because Julius (Caesar) had been born in it.
After Judaea had been captured, Cassius despoils the temple.
On the Ides of March, Gaius Julius Caesar is slain in the Curia, and at once Publius Dolabella took office.
The body of C. Caesar cremated on the Rostra, as an honour.
Servius Sulpicius, a lawyer, and Publius Servilius Isauricus given a state funeral.
At Rome, three simultaneously risen suns gradually coalesced into the same disk.
Among other portents, that occurred all around the world, an ox in the region of Rome at its plowing spoke: It is useless to goad me on. For soon there will be a shortage not of crops but of men. [44 BCE]

Event Date: -44 LA

§ B43  2nd of the Romans, Octavianus Caesar Augustus reigned for 56 years and 6 months;
from whom the kings of the Romans are called 'Augusti'
Antonius launches a war against Caesar Augustus.
Laberius, writer of mimes, dies at Puteoli, in the 10th month after the murder of Caesar.
Publius the mime playwright, a Syrian by birth, debuts on the Roman stage.
Cicero, in his 64th year, is slain by Herennius and Popilius in his villa at Formiae.
According to some, Cicero is killed in his villa at Caieta.
The head of Cicero, with his right hand, placed in front of the Rostra, and next to it the crowned likeness of the soldier Popilius who had slain him.
Ovid Naso is born in Abruzzi. [43 BCE]

Event Date: -43 LA

§ B42  Caius Falcidius, a Tribune of the People, brought in a law against anyone making a legacy in his will so great that it did not leave to the heirs a fourth part of the estate.
Curtius Salassus was burned alive with four cohorts in the island of Aradus, because he had exacted tributes quite oppressively. [42 BCE]

Event Date: -42 LA

§ B41  His owner recognized Vibius Maximus that had been designated quaestor, and carried him off.
Oil erupts out from the earth from a taberna meritoria on the other side of the Tiber, and flowed all the day without interruption, signifying the Grace of Christ from the nations.
Augustus defeats Antony, and by the senate intervening, returns to friendship with him.
The poet Cornificius died, deserted by the soldiers whom on account of their often fleeing, he calls 'helmeted hares'. His sister was Cornificia, whose notable epigrams survive.
Cassius looted the temple of the Rhodians.
Second split of Augustus and Antonius. [41 BCE]

Event Date: -41 LA

§ B40  185th Olympiad; Cornelius Nepos the historical writer is considered important. [40 BCE]

Event Date: -40 LA

§ B39  Antigonus while fighting against the Jews is at length killed. From then on down to the present time the kingship of Jerusalem has been destroyed. Accordingly after him Herod, a foreign prince, and in no way relating to Judea, was installed by the Romans. [39 BCE]

Event Date: -39 LA

§ B37  The Fornii, father and son, are considered important orators, of whom the consular son dies before the father. [37 BCE]

Event Date: -37 LA

§ B36  186th Olympiad; Sallust died in the quadrennium before the battle of Actium. [36 BCE]

Event Date: -36 LA

§ B35  M. Bavius the poet, whom Vergil mentions in the Eclogues, dies in Cappadocia. [35 BCE]

Event Date: -35 LA

§ B35  Herod the foreigner reigned over the Jews, the secular power of the pontificate having ended, for 37 years.
Herod, the son of Antipater from Ascalon and whose mother was Cypris from Arabia, received the principate of the Jews from the Romans: in whose time, around the time of Christ's birth, the kingship and the priesthood of Judaea, which previously had been held by a succession of lesser men, were destroyed, and the prophecy was fulfilled which speaks thus through Moses: There will not lack a prince from Judah, nor a leader from his loins, until he shall come in whom it is entrusted. And he himself will be the hope of the nations.
And in this very place, Christ, whom the Scripture of Daniel prophesies, received his end. For until Herod, christs (anointed ones), i.e. the high priests, were the kings of the Jews, who began to rule from the 65th Olympiad and the restoration of the Temple under Darius, until Hyrcanus and the 186th Olympiad, around 433 years having passed: which is what Daniel also signifies, saying:
And may you know and understand that from the beginning of the word of returning to and rebuilding Jerusalem, until the leadership of CHRIST (the anointed one), 7 weeks and 62 weeks
These 69 weeks come to 483 years, in which the christs (anointed ones), that is, the high priests reigned through the anointing of oil until Hyrcanus.
The latter having been captured finally by the Parthians, Herod son of Antipater received Judaea, which did not belong to him, from Augustus and the Senate.
And his sons after him reigned until the most recent captivity of Jerusalem, never having been appointed high priests from the succession of the sacerdotal line, serving God according to the Law of Moses for all their lives. Indeed, certain lay persons, and others at another time, and not a few, used to buy the priestly office from Roman Emperors, for a single year or a bit more. All these things Daniel the prophet also foretells, saying:
And after 7 and 62 weeks the anointing will perish, and there will be no sound judgement there and the people will defile the temple and the sanctuary with the leader who is coming: and they will be struck down in the flood of war. And in what follows: And upon the Temple, he says, an abomination of desolation:
and until the fulfillment of the time, a fulfillment will be given upon the desolation.
Herod installed a certain Ananelus, invited from Babylon, as high priest of the Jews, and after a short while he appointed Aristobulus, the brother of his wife and nephew of Hyrcanus as the successor to him; when he was murdered after a year, he reappointed Ananelus to the priesthood.
The movements of the moon, according to the Romans, discovered.[BCE 34]

Event Date: -35 LA

§ B32  Treaty of Antony and Augustus.
The Romans planted colonies.
Augustus celebrated a triumph for his land-battle triumph.
Antony handed over Arabia to Cleopatra.
The beginning of the third disagreement of Augustus and Antony, because the sister of Caesar having been repudiated, he had married Cleopatra.
Nicetes, Hybreas, Theodorus and Plution are considered the most noble Greek teachers of the rhetorical art.
187th Olympiad; Cleopatra and Antony kill themselves, and Egypt is made a Roman province, which Caius Cornelius Gallus first headed, about whom Virgil writes in the Eclogues.
Until Cleopatra, the Ptolemies, who were called Lagids, reigned in Egypt for 295 years. [32 BCE]

Event Date: -32 LA

§ B31  Artorius the doctor of Augustus perishes after the victory of Actium in a shipwreck.
Some compute the first year of the monarchy of Augustus from this point. [31 BCE]

Event Date: -31 LA

§ B30  Caesar called Augustus, from whom the month Sextilis received the name of Augustus.
With a huge pomp of triumphs, Augustus entered Rome, and led before his chariot the children of Cleopatra, the Sun and the Moon. [30 BCE]

Event Date: -30 LA

§ B29  Nicopolis founded near Actium and the Actian games established.
The power of the Alexandrians ends.
Augustus enacts many laws for the Romans. [29 BCE]

Event Date: -29 LA

§ B28  188th Olympiad
A census of Rome having been taken, there were found to be 4,164,000 Roman citizens. Colonies planted.
Anaxilaus Larisseus, a Pythagorean and a magician, is expelled from the City and from Italy by Augustus.
M. Terentius Varro the philosopher dies when nearly a nonagenarian. [28 BCE]

Event Date: -28 LA

§ B27  Thebes of Egypt razed to the ground.
Cornelius Gallus the poet from Forum Julii, by whom Egypt was first governed, as we said above, killed himself with his own hand in the 43rd year of his life.
Trallis destroyed in an earthquake. [27 BCE]

Event Date: -27 LA

§ B26  The Indians through a deputation requested friendship with Augustus.
Messala Corvinus, when he was first made urban prefect, relinquished his magistracy on the sixth day, claiming that it was an unjust form of authority. [26 BCE]

Event Date: -26 LA

§ B25  Augustus makes the Calabri and the Gauls subject to taxation.
Munatius Plancus, a student of Cicero, is considered notable as an orator; who, when he was in charge of Gallia Comata, founded Lugdunum. [25 BCE]

Event Date: -25 LA

§ B24  189th Olympiad; Marcus Lollius makes Galatia a province. [24 BCE]

Event Date: -24 LA

§ B23  Augustus, when the monarchy was offered to him, declined.
Quintilius of Cremona, a friend of Vergil and Horace, dies. [23 BCE]

Event Date: -23 LA

§ B22  Augustus deprived the Cyzicenes of their liberty.
Pylades, the Cilician writer of pantomime, although the ancients themselves had sung and danced, was the first in Rome to make a chorus and pipe make music. [22 BCE]

Event Date: -22 LA

§ B21  Sent by Augustus, Tiberius took possession of Armenia.
Atratinus, who had prosecuted Caelius at the age of seventeen, is considered important among orators. In the end, due to the weight of his illnesses, having died voluntarily in the bath, he left Augustus his heir. [21 BCE]

Event Date: -21 LA

§ B20  190th Olympiad; The Cantabri, initiating an insurrection, are crushed. [20 BCE]

Event Date: -20 LA

§ B19  Herod in Jerusalem constructed many and great buildings. [19 BCE]

Event Date: -19 LA

§ B18  Vergil dies in Brundisium, when Sentius Saturninus and Lucretius Cinna were consuls. His bones, having been taken to Naples, are buried within the second mile-marker of that city, with this very epitaph written above it, which he himself had dictated as he lay dying:
Mantua gave birth to me;
Calabria carried me off;
Now Parthenope holds me.
I sang of pastures, the country and leaders. [18 BCE]

Event Date: -18 LA

§ B17  Rebuilding Samaria from the ground up, which for a long time now had been sitting in ashes, Herod renamed it Augusta in honor of Augustus, that is, Sebaste, and constructed the town which is called Panion in Paneas.
Augustus granted freedom to the Samians. [17 BCE]

Event Date: -17 LA

§ B16  In Cyprus, many parts of the cities were ruined in an earthquake.
Marcus Lollius defeats the Germans who had taken up arms.
The poets Varius and Tucca, companions of Vergil and Horace, are considered illustrious, who later corrected the books of the Aeneid under this condition: that they added nothing.
191st Olympiad; Augustus adopted Gaius Agrippa as his son. [16 BCE]

Event Date: -16 LA

§ B15  Aemilius Macer, a poet from Verona, dies in Asia.
Tiberius makes the Vindelici and those who were bordering Thrace, Roman provinces. [15 BCE]

Event Date: -15 LA

§ B14  Colonies at Beirut and Patras planted. [14 BCE]

Event Date: -14 LA

§ B13  Agrippa captures Bosphorus.
Cestius the Smyrnean rhetor taught Latin in Rome. [13 BCE]

Event Date: -13 LA

§ B12  192nd Olympiad; Augustus is hailed as pontifex maximus by the Senate. [12 BCE]

Event Date: -12 LA

§ B11  Herod founded Caesarea in the name of Caesar, which previously used to be called Strato's Tower.
Herod founded Anthonis, and Antipatris: and he constructed Herodion in his own honour and that of his father Antipater: also he constructed most cleverly innumerable works in individual cities of Syria which he was ruling. [11 BCE]

Event Date: -11 LA

§ B10  Tiberius Caesar celebrates a triumph over the captured Pannonians. [10 BCE]

Event Date: -10 LA

§ B9  Horace dies at Rome in the fifty-seventh year of his life. [9 BCE]

Event Date: -9 LA

§ B8  Passienus the Father, a notable speech-maker, died.
C. Julius Hyginus, surnamed Polyhistor, the grammarian, is considered illustrious.
193rd Olympiad
After Germany had been devastated, Tiberius is hailed as imperator. [8 BCE]

Event Date: -8 LA

§ B7  Herod killed Hyrcanus, who previously had been high priest of the Jews, when he returned from his Parthian captivity, and killed his son, who had succeeded his father in the high priesthood: in addition, he most cruelly puts to death his (Hyrcanus's)
sister, his very own wife, with his own two sons already in adolescence, and the mother of his murdered wife, his mother-in-law. [7 BCE]

Event Date: -7 LA

§ B6  Tiberius celebrated a triumph over the Rhetians, Vindelicians, Armenians, and the Pannonians. [6 BCE]

Event Date: -6 LA

§ B5  Albutius Silo of Novara, an important rhetor, is well known.
Many things were ruined in an earthquake on the island of Cos. [5 BCE]

Event Date: -5 LA

§ B4  Augustus condemns to exile his daughter Julia, caught in adultery.
194th Olympiad; M. Tullius Tiro, Cicero's freedman, who is credited with being the first to use shorthand, lives to his 100th year on his estate in Puteoli. [4 BCE]

Event Date: -4 LA

§ B3  Augustus exhibited gladatorial games and a naval battle.
Melissus of Spoleto, the grammarian, is well known.
M. Porcius Latro, the Latin declaimer, killed himself from the weariness of a double quartan fever.
Herod added to these things, which he accomplished above cruelly, this also: he killed the husband of his sister Salome, and when he handed her over to another, he put him to death, too: moreover he slew the scribes and translators of the divine law in a similar crime. [3 BCE]

Event Date: -3 LA

§ B2  Tertullian, in that book which he wrote against the Jews, affirms that Christ was born in the 41st year of Augustus, and suffered in the 15th of Tiberius. [2 BCE]

Event Date: -2 LA

§ B1  Jesus Christ, the son of GOD, is born in Bethlehem of Judah [1 BCE]

Event Date: -1 LA

§ A1  Quirinius, sent to Judaea by a resolution of the senate, makes a survey of men and property.
All the years taken together from Abraham until the birth of Christ come to 2015 years.
195th Olympiad
C. Caesar made a treaty with the Parthians.
Sextus the Pythagorean philosopher is well known. [1 CE]

Event Date: 1 LA

§ A2  Augustus adopts Tiberius and Agrippa as his sons.
Judas the Gallilean urges the Jews to rebel.
Herod, when he had learned of the nativity of CHRIST from the information of the Magi, ordered all the infants in Bethlehem to be killed. [2 CE]

Event Date: 2 LA

§ A3  Herod, suffering from the dropsy and with his whole body infested with worms, dies miserably and deservedly. [3 CE]

Event Date: 3 LA

§ A4  Asinius Pollio, orator and consul, who had celebrated a triumph over the Dalmatians, dies at his Tuscan villa in the 70th years of his life. [4 CE]

Event Date: 4 LA

§ A5  Of the Jews, Duke Archelaus, for 9 years
196th Olympiad; Into Herod's place Archelaus is substituted by Augustus, and his four brothers are made Tetrarchs: Herod, Antipater, Lysias, and Philip. [5 CE]

Event Date: 5 LA

§ A6  So great a famine happens at Rome, that five modii are sold for 27.5 denarii.
Philisthion the mime playwright, a Magnesian by birth, is considered important at Rome. [6 CE]

Event Date: 6 LA

§ A7  Tiberius Caesar drives back the Dalmatians and Sarmatians into Roman authority. [7 CE]

Event Date: 7 LA

§ A8  Athenodorus of Tarsus the Stoic philosopher, and M. Verrius Flaccus the grammatician, are considered notable. [8 CE]

Event Date: 8 LA

§ A9  197th Olympiad; The Athenians, revolting against the Romans, are crushed, the authors of the rebellion slain. [9 CE]

Event Date: 9 LA

§ A12  Two years before Messala Corvinus the orator died, he had so lost his memory and intellect that he could scarcely string a few words together, and at the end, when a sore had developed around his lower spine, he ended his life by fasting at 72 years of age. [12 CE]

Event Date: 12 LA

§ A13  198th Olympiad; Augustus with his son Tiberius taking the census at Rome, he found 9,370,000 men.
Sotio the Alexandrian philosopher, the tutor of Seneca is considered important. [13 CE]

Event Date: 13 LA

§ A14  Archelaus, in the 9th year of his reign, is banished to the Gallic city of Vienne.
Of the Jews, Herod the Tetrarch holds the principate for 24 years;
An eclipse of the sun happened, and Augustus dies in his 76th year, in Atella in Campania, and is buried at Rome in the Campus Martius.
3rd of the Romans, Tiberius reigned for 23 years
The orator Gaius Asinius Gallus, son of Asinius Pollio, whom even Vergil mentions, is put to death with fearful tortures by Tiberius. [14 CE]

Event Date: 14 LA

§ A17  199th Olympiad; T. Livius the historian dies in Patavi.
Ovid the poet died in exile, and is interred near the town of Tomi.
Germanicus Caesar celebrates a triumph over the Parthians.
[17 CE]

Event Date: 17 LA

§ A18  Thirteen cities were levelled in an earthquake: Ephesus, Magnesia, Sardis, Mostene, Aegae, Hierocaesarea, Philadelphia, Tmolus, Temnus, Cymae, Myrhina, Apollonia Dia, and Hyrcania. [18 CE]

Event Date: 18 LA

§ A19  Fenestella, a writer of histories and songs, dies a septuagenarian, and is buried in Cumae. [19 CE]

Event Date: 19 LA

§ A20  Tiberius, by blandishments, having summoned to himself many kings, never returned them: among these was Archelaus of Cappadocia; after his kingdom had been turned into a province, he (Tiberius) ordered its most noble city Mazaca to be called Caesarea. [20 CE]

Event Date: 20 LA

§ A21  200th Olympiad; The theatre of Pompey burned down. [21 CE]

Event Date: 21 LA

§ A22  Tiberius makes Drusus his colleague in power. [22 CE]

Event Date: 22 LA

§ A23  Drusus Caesar perished by poison. [23 CE]

Event Date: 23 LA

§ A24  Quintus Haterius, the active Populares orator, lives until almost his 90th year with the highest honours. [24 CE]

Event Date: 24 LA

§ A25  Servius Plautus, guilty of corrupting his son, kills himself in punishment.
201st Olympiad; Philip the Tetrarch called Paneas, in which he had constructed many buildings, Caesarea Philippi, and another city Julias. [25 CE]

Event Date: 25 LA

§ A26  Pilate is sent as procurator of Judaea by Tiberius. [26 CE]

Event Date: 26 LA

§ A27  Votienus Montanus of Narbo, the orator, dies in the Balearic islands, having been banished there by Tiberius. [27 CE]

Event Date: 27 LA

§ A28  Herod founded Tiberias, and Livias. [28 CE]

Event Date: 28 LA

§ A28  John the son of Zechariah, preaching in the desert by the Jordan River, bears witness that Christ, the son of God, is present in their midst. Also the Lord Jesus Christ himself announces the way of salvation to all people, proving by signs and wonders that the things that he said were true.
There are computed to the present year, that is the 15th of Tiberius Caesar, from the year following the restoration of the temple, which was completed under the second year of Darius, king of the Persians, 548 years from Solomon however, and the building of the first temple, 1060 years from Moses, and the Exodus of Israel out of Egypt, 1539 years, from Abraham and the reign of Ninus and Semiramis, 2044 years from the flood until Abraham, 942 years; from Adam until the flood, 2242 years. [28 CE]

Event Date: 28 LA

§ A29  202nd Olympiad; Start of the 81st jubilee according to the Hebrews
Jesus Christ the son of God, preaching the way of salvation to all, performs the miracles which were written in the Gospels. [29 CE]

Event Date: 29 LA

§ A30  Jesus Christ the son of God, imparting the divine sacraments to his own disciples, commands that they announce (the opportunity and need for) conversion to God, to all peoples. [30 CE]

Event Date: 30 LA

§ A32  Jesus Christ, according to the prophecies, which had been spoken about him beforehand, came to the Passion in the 18th year of Tiberius, at which time also we find these things written verbatim in other commentaries of the gentiles: an eclipse of the sun happened, Bithynia shaken by earthquake, and in the city of Nicaea many buildings collapsed: all of which agree with what occurred in the Passion of the Saviour. Indeed Phlegon, who is an excellent calculator of olympiads, also writes about this, in his 13th book writing thus: However in the fourth year of the 202nd Olympiad, an eclipse of the sun happened, greater and more excellent than any that had happened before it; at the sixth hour, day turned into dark night, so that the stars were seen in the sky, and an earthquake in Bithynia toppled many buildings of the city of Nicaea.
These things the aforementioned man (says).
The proof however of this matter, that in this year the Saviour suffered, the gospel of John presents, in which it is written that after the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar, the Lord preached for three years. Also Josephus, a native writer of the Jews, attests that around that time on the day of Pentecost, the priests first perceived an earth tremor and certain (loud) sounds. Then, that an unexpected voice suddenly burst out from the innermost part of the Temple saying: Let us flee from this abode.
However the aforementioned man writes that in the same year Pilate the governor secretly in the night set up images of Caesar in the temple, and from this arose the first cause of the rebellion and turmoil of the Jews.
The first bishop of the Church of Jerusalem, James the brother of the Lord, is ordained by the Apostles. [32 CE]

Event Date: 32 LA

§ A33  From this point it must be considered, what a great number of calamities will have then oppressed the nation of the Jews.
Cassius Severus the outstanding orator, who had mocked the Quintian Proverb, dies of starvation in the 25th year of his exile, covered with hardly a rag over his privates.
203rd Olympiad; Pilate, after the aforementioned uprising which had been incited on account of Caesar's images, laid the seeds for a second uprising when he spent the sacred treasury, which the Jews call the korban, on an aqueduct for Jerusalem. [33 CE]

Event Date: 33 LA

§ A34  Sejanus, the prefect of Tiberius, who used to possess the greatest influence over him, urges most insistently that the Jewish nation be destroyed: Philo recalls this in the second book of his Embassy. [34 CE]

Event Date: 34 LA

§ A35  The satirical poet Persius Flaccus is born at Volaterrae.
Agrippa the son of Aristobulus, the son of King Herod, the accuser of Herod the Tetrach, having set out for Rome, is thrown in chains by Tiberius. [35 CE]

Event Date: 35 LA

§ A36  Pilate referring the matter of Christian doctrine to Tiberius, Tiberius referred it on to the Senate, so that it would be accepted among the other recognised religions.
Indeed, when by a decree of the fathers, it had pleased them that the Christians be evicted from the City, Tiberius by an edict threatened accusers of the Christians with death: thus writes Tertullian in his Apologeticum. [36 CE]

Event Date: 36 LA

§ A37  Many Roman Senators and Knights killed.
Tiberius dies in Campania.
204th Olympiad; 4th of the Romans, Gaius Caligula reigned for 3 years and 10 months.
Gaius Caesar, called Caligula, makes '>Agrippa, who had been freed from his bonds, king of Judaea. [37 CE]

Event Date: 37 LA

§ A38  Prince of the Jews, '>Agrippa, for 7 years;
Gaius declares himself to be among the gods.
Flaccus Avilius, prefect of Egypt, oppresses the Jews with many injuries, with the people of Alexandria consenting and resounding with numerous cries against them: he also pollutes their synagogues with images, statues, and altars and sacrificial victims.
Philo declares, in the book called Flaccus, that he was present at all these things, which is why he himself had even undertaken a delegation to Gaius. [38 CE]

Event Date: 38 LA

§ A39  Passienus the son killed by the treachery of his own heir.
Gaius took the wife of Memmius Regulus, forcing him to write that he (Memmius) was the father of his wife. [39 CE]

Event Date: 39 LA

§ A40  Pontius Pilate, falling into many calamities, killed himself by his own hand: so the historians of the Romans write.
Gaius ordered Petronius, prefect of Syria, to place his statue in Jerusalem under the name of Jupiter Optimus Maximus: which the Jews refused to do with the utmost obstinacy.
In the whole Roman world, as Philo and Josephus write, statues and images and altars of Gaius Caesar consecrated in the synagogues of the Jews.
Many of the nobles killed by Gaius.
Gaius condemned his sisters, whom he had brought into unchastity, to exile on islands.
Gaius ordered all the exiles to be killed.
Gaius is slain by his bodyguards on the Palatine in the 29th year of his life. [40 CE]

Event Date: 40 LA

§ A41  5th of the Romans, Claudius reigned 13 years, 8 months, 28 days.
205th Olympiad
This is Claudius the paternal uncle of Drusus, who has a monument at Moguntiacum: elsewhere I have read that he was the maternal uncle, because he was the brother of the mother of Gaius. [41 CE]

Event Date: 41 LA

§ A42  Peter the Apostle, by nation a Galilean, first high priest of the Christians, after he had been the first to found a church at Antioch, proceeded to Rome, where as bishop of the same city he remains, preaching the gospel for 25 years. [42 CE]

Event Date: 42 LA

§ A43  Mark the evangelist, Peter's interpreter, preaches Christ in Egypt and Alexandria. [43 CE]

Event Date: 43 LA

§ A44  Evodius is ordained the first bishop of Antioch.
'>Agrippa, king of the Judeans, having ruled 7 years, dies. After him, his son '>Agrippa is placed in power by Claudius.
Of the Jews, '>Agrippa, for 26 years.
The prophecy of Agabus, who had said in the Acts of the Apostles that there would be a famine in the whole world, came true under Claudius.
Claudius celebrated a triumph over the Britons and added the Orkney islands to the Roman empire.
In celebration of this glory he named his son Britannicus.
Domitius Afer of Nemausus is considered a brilliant orator; afterward, when Nero was emperor, he dies from overeating at a meal.
Claudius Quirinalis, a rhetor from Arelate, teaches most notably at Rome. [44 CE]

Event Date: 44 LA

§ A45  206th Olympiad; Between Thera and Therasia an island rose up that was 30 stades across. [45 CE]

Event Date: 45 LA

§ A46  At Rome, a survey having been carried out under Claudius, there were found to be 6,844,000 Roman citizens. [46 CE]

Event Date: 46 LA

§ A47  Hitherto having been under kings, Thrace is reduced to a Roman province.
When Cumanus was procurator of Judea, during the days of unleavened bread, the unrest in Jerusalem was so serious that 30,000 Jews perished as the people ran together attempting to exit through the gates. [47 CE]

Event Date: 47 LA

§ A48  Palaemon Vicentinus is considered a notable grammarian at Rome, who once, when he was asked what was the difference between a drop and a spot, said, A spot stays put and a drop falls.
Marcus Antonius Liberalis the rhetor pursues a very bitter rivalry with Palaemon. [48 CE]

Event Date: 48 LA

§ A49  207th Olympiad; A famine having occurred in Greece, a bushel of wheat was sold for six drachmas. [49 CE]

Event Date: 49 LA

§ A50  Great famine at Rome. [50 CE]

Event Date: 50 LA

§ A51  Claudius sends Felix to Judea as procurator, before whom the apostle Paul, standing accused, delivers a speech in his own defense. [51 CE]

Event Date: 51 LA

§ A53  208th Olympiad
When Felix was procurator of Judaea, there were many who were deceiving the people with their opinions.
Among them also was a certain false prophet from Egypt who gathered many to himself but was crushed by the army of Felix in his very attempt to achieve great things. Josephus writes, agreeing with the Acts of the Apostles, in which the tribune says to Paul: 'Are you not the Egyptian who recently caused a stir and led the four thousand men into the desert?' [53 CE]

Event Date: 53 LA

§ A54  Around this time, Claudius drained the Fucine lake, which took 30,000 men working for 11 years without intermission.
Claudius constructed the port of Ostia, with two branches, as it were, projecting on the left and the right sides.
Three suns appeared at the same time and immediately united in the same circle.
Dionysius the Areopagite, once a distinguished philosopher, is famous.
Philip, the apostle of Christ to the people in Hierapolis, a city of Asia, while preaching the Gospel, is nailed to a cross and stoned to death.
Claudius dies in the palace, in the 64th year of his life. [54 CE]

Event Date: 54 LA

§ A55  6th of the Romans, Nero reigned for 13 years, 7 months and 28 days.
His uncle was Gaius Caligula. [55 CE]

Event Date: 55 LA

§ A56  While Felix was governing Judaea, a revolt broke out in Caesarea of Palestine which resulted in the deaths of a great multitude of Jews.
Festus succeeds Felix in the government (of the province), before whom, in the presence of '>Agrippa the king, Paul the apostle explains the rationale of his religion, and is sent to Rome in chains. [56 CE]

Event Date: 56 LA

§ A57  Probus of Berytus, most erudite of grammarians, is well known at Rome.
209th Olympiad; Statius Surculus Tholosanus celebratedly taught rhetoric in Gaul.
Earthquake at Rome and eclipse of the sun. [57 CE]

Event Date: 57 LA

§ A58  Nero kills his mother Agrippina and the sister of his father. [58 CE]

Event Date: 58 LA

§ A59  Nero was given to such excessive luxury that he used to bathe with both hot and cold ointments, and fish with golden nets which he set using purple for the rigging. [59 CE]

Event Date: 59 LA

§ A61  210th Olympiad; At Rome Nero competes with the cithara and wins.
Albinus succeeds Festus in the magistracy of Judaea.
James, the brother of the Lord, whom everyone used to call the Just, is stoned to death by the Jews.
Simeon, also called Simon, is the second to be placed in his throne. [61 CE]

Event Date: 61 LA

§ A62  Lightning struck in front of Nero's table. [62 CE]

Event Date: 62 LA

§ A63  The first bishop of the church of Alexandria ordained after Mark the Evangelist was Annianus, who presided for twenty two years.
Persius dies at the age of 29.
Baths built by Nero, which he called the Neronian Baths. [63 CE]

Event Date: 63 LA

§ A64  In Rome, Nero takes part in a competition of cithara-players, and defeats everyone.
Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, the Cordovan poet, caught in the Pisonian conspiracy, presented the veins of his arms to a physician for cutting.
Nero set the greatest part of Rome on fire, so that he might get a look at something like the burning of Troy. [64 CE]

Event Date: 64 LA

§ A65  In Asia, three cities were ruined in an earthquake; Laodicea, Hierapolis and Colossae.
Cestius Florus succeeds Albinus as procurator of Judaea, in whose time the Jews rebelled against the Romans.
Junius Annaeus Gallio, the brother of Seneca the outstanding declaimer, killed himself with his own hand.
211th Olympiad. It was not held, Nero deferring it until he could be present.
Only two provinces added under Nero, Pontus Polemoniacus, and the Cottian Alps after king Cottius had died. [65 CE]

Event Date: 65 LA

§ A66  Many nobles killed by Nero at Rome.
In the Olympics, Nero is crowned, defeating heralds, citharists, tragedians, and various charioteers in competition.
L. Annaeus Seneca of Corduba, teacher of Nero, and uncle of the poet Lucan, perished by an incision of the veins and by a draught of poison. [66 CE]

Event Date: 66 LA

§ A67  Celebrating the Isthmian, Pythian and Actian games, Nero is again crowned among the heralds, tragedians and citharists.
By decree of the Senate a hundred times one hundred thousand (sesterces) are furnished to Nero as an annual allowance for expenses. [67 CE]

Event Date: 67 LA

§ A68  Nero killed his wife Octavia, along with other notable men, and he drove the philosopher Cornutus, teacher of Persius, into exile.
The philosophers Musonius and Plutarch are considered distinguished. [68 CE]

Event Date: 68 LA

§ A69  L. Annaeus Mella, brother of Seneca and Gallio, was awarded by Nero the property of the poet Lucan, his son.
1st persecution, by Nero;
Over all his other crimes, Nero also is the first to carry out a persecution against the Christians, in which Peter and Paul gloriously died at Rome.
Vespasian is made Master of Soldiers by Nero against the Jews, who were rebelling because they could not bear the avarice of Cestius Florus.
Vespasian captures many cities of Judaea.
Flavius Josephus the historical writer, a leader of the Jews in the war, when he was about to be killed by the Romans, he predicted the death of Nero to Vespasian, and his own (rise to) power; for which reason he received his life as a reward.
After Peter, Linus first held the church of Rome for 11 years.
Nero, when he was being sought out for punishment by the Senate, fleeing from the palace as far as the fourth milestone of the city, kills himself in the garden of his freedman between Salaria and Nomentana, in the 32nd year of his life, and in him the whole family of Augustus ended.
After Nero, Galba seized power in Spain, Vitellius in Germany and Otho in Rome.
Marcus Fabius Quinctilianus is brought to Rome by Galba.
212th Olympiad; In the seventh month of his reign, Galba is beheaded, in the middle of the forum of the city of the Romans.
Vespasian drove the Jews, who had been defeated in two battles, to the city walls.
In the third month of his reign, Otho lay dead at Bebriacum by his own hand.
Ignatius is ordained as the second bishop of Antioch.
Vitellius, slain in the eighth month of his reign by Vespasian's generals, is thrown into the Tiber.
7th of the Romans, Vespasian reigned for 9 years, 11 months, 22 days.
Vespasian, proclaimed emperor in Judaea by his army, and entrusting the war to his son Titus, sets out for Rome by means of Alexandria. [69 CE]

Event Date: 69 LA

§ A70  The temple of Jupiter at Rome burned down.
After Judaea had been captured and Jerusalem demolished, Titus had six hundred thousand men put to death. But Josephus writes that one million one hundred thousand perished through hunger or by the sword, and that another one hundred thousand of the captives were publicly offered for sale. Now it was because of the feast of unleavened bread that such a great number was to be found in Jerusalem.
When the Jews flocked to the temple from every nation on account of this feast, they were shut up in the city as if in a prison. For it was fitting that they should be killed during the same days of Pascha on which they had crucified the Saviour. [70 CE]

Event Date: 70 LA

§ A72  The entire length of time to the 2nd year of Vespasian and the most recent destruction of Jerusalem, is reckoned to be:
from the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar and from the beginning of the preaching of the Gospel, 42 years;
however from the captivity which was endured under Antiochus, 239 years;
again from the 2nd year of Darius, in whose reign the temple was rebuilt, 590 years;
however from the first building of the temple under Solomon until its final destruction, which happened under Vespasian, 1102 years. [72 CE]

Event Date: 72 LA

§ A73  213th Olympiad; Vespasian began to build the Capitol. [73 CE]

Event Date: 73 LA

§ A74  In Alexandria a revolt occurred.
Achaia, Lycia, Rhodes, Byzantium, Samos, Thrace, Cilicia, and Commagene, which were free before and were ruled by friendly kings, turned into Roman provinces. [74 CE]

Event Date: 74 LA

§ A75  [Rome] A colossal statue erected, having a height of 107 feet. [75 CE]

Event Date: 75 LA

§ A76  Q. Asconius Pedianus, the historical writer, is considered important, who having become known in the 73rd year of his life, comes to the end of his life 12 years later in the highest honour. [76 CE]

Event Date: 76 LA

§ A77  Gabinianus, a rhetorician of very celebrated name, taught in Gaul.
214th Olympiad; Three cities in Cyprus were destroyed all together in an earthquake. [77 CE]

Event Date: 77 LA

§ A78  A massive plague happened at Rome, so that for many days about 10,000 men were listed in the daily register of the dead.
Vespasian planted colonies, and he died from an issue from his stomach in his own villa among the Sabines, aged 69. [78 CE]

Event Date: 78 LA

§ A79  8th of the Romans, Titus reigned 2 years and 2 months.
Titus, the son of Vespasian, was an expert in both languages and of such goodness that once when he recalled at a meal that he had been of no service to anyone on that day, he said: 'Friends, today I have wasted a day.'
Mount Vesuvius having erupted, it blasted upwards from itself such a great amount of fire that the neighbouring regions and cities were consumed in the fire, together with the people in them.
Titus recalls Musonius Rufus the philosopher from exile.
Titus builds the amphitheatre in Rome, and at its dedication he sacrifices 5000 wild beasts. [79 CE]

Event Date: 79 LA

§ A80  Cletus [also called Anencletus] is appointed second bishop of the Roman church for 12 years. [80 CE]

Event Date: 80 LA

§ A81  In Rome many buildings are burned to the ground in a fire.
Titus died from an illness at the same country-house where his father died, on the day before the Ides of September, at the age of 42. [81 CE]

Event Date: 81 LA

§ A82  215th Olympiad
9th of the Romans, Domitian reigned for 15 years and 5 months.

Domitian was the younger brother of Titus.
The wife of Domitian is named as Augusta.
By a decree of the senate Titus is enrolled among the gods. [82 CE]

Event Date: 82 LA

§ A83  Domitian prohibited the making of eunuchs.
3 vestal virgins condemned for unchastity. [83 CE]

Event Date: 83 LA

§ A84  Domitian sends many senators into exile.
Abilius is appointed the second bishop of the church of Alexandria, and he presided for thirteen years. [84 CE]

Event Date: 84 LA

§ A85  216th Olympiad; Domitian constructs a temple without any admixture of wood. [85 CE]

Event Date: 85 LA

§ A86  Domitian was the first to order himself to be called lord and god. [86 CE]

Event Date: 86 LA

§ A87  The Nasamones and the Dacians who were fighting against Rome were conquered.
Two months renamed, September Germanicus and October Domitian. [87 CE]

Event Date: 87 LA

§ A88  Quinctilianus of Calaguris from Spain, who was the first at Rome to (open) a public school and receive a salary from the exchequer, became famous. [88 CE]

Event Date: 88 LA

§ A89  217th Olympiad; Domitian sends very many of the nobility into exile and slays them.
Domitian expels astrologers and philosophers from the city of Rome.
Many building works carried out at Rome, among them the Capitol, the Forum Transitorium, the Portico of the gods, the temple of Isis, the Serapeum, the Stadium, the pepper granaries, the temple of Vespasian, the temple of Minerva Chalcidica, the Odeum, Trajan's Forum, the Baths of Trajan and of Titus, the Senate House, the Ludus Matutinus, the Mica Aurea, the Meta Sudans fountain and the Pantheon. [89 CE]

Event Date: 89 LA

§ A91  Domitian celebrates a triumph over the Dacians and the Germans.
Domitian had so much arrogance that he commanded golden and silver statues of himself to be placed on the Capitol. He marked those and all the others with his title, without any respect for the original builder. [91 CE]

Event Date: 91 LA

§ A92  After the chief of Vestal Virgins, Cornelia, had been convicted of unchastity, she was buried alive in accordance with the law.
Domitian prohibited vines to be cultivated in cities. [92 CE]

Event Date: 92 LA

§ A93  Clement presided as the 3rd bishop of the Church of Rome for nine years.
218th Olympiad; In these days Flavius Josephus writes the twenty books of the Antiquities. [93 CE]

Event Date: 93 LA

§ A94  Domitian put many of the nobles to death, but some he sent into exile.
Second to do so after Nero, Domitian persecutes the Christians, and under him the apostle John having been exiled to the island of Patmos, saw the Apocalypse, which Irenaeus explains. [94 CE]

Event Date: 94 LA

§ A95  2nd persecution, by Domitian.
Domitian again by edict thrusts out the philosophers and astrologers from Rome. [95 CE]

Event Date: 95 LA

§ A96  Apollonius of Tyana and Euphrates are considered notable as philosophers. [96 CE]

Event Date: 96 LA

§ A97  Domitian orders those who were of the race of David to be killed, so that no-one might remain of the kingship of the Jews. Brutius writes that there were made very many Christian martyrs under Domitian, among whom were Flavia Domitilla, granddaughter of the sister of Flavius Clemens the consul; she was exiled to the island of Pontia, because she bore witness that she was a Christian.
Many signs and portents happened at Rome and in the whole world.
Domitian murdered in the palace aged 45, and ignobly buried by the pauper-undertakers
219th Olympiad
10th of the Romans, Nerva, reigned for 1 year and 4 months.
Cerdo presided as the 3rd bishop of the Church of Alexandria, for eleven years.
The senate decreed that all the things which Domitian had set up should be made void. And so many, whom he had unjustly ejected, returned from exile: some recovered their own goods. It is said also that when the apostle John was released at this time from exile, he withdrew to Ephesus, in which city he found both hospitality and very dear friends. [97 CE]

Event Date: 97 LA

§ A98  Justus from Tiberias, the writer of the Jews, is well known.
Nerva died from an illness in the gardens of Sallust at the age of 72, after he had already adopted Trajan as his son.
Trajan, made emperor at Agrippina in Gaul, was born in Italica in Hispania.
11th of the Romans, Trajan, reigned for 19 years and 6 months.
By a decree of the senate Nerva enrolled among the gods. [98 CE]

Event Date: 98 LA

§ A99  Evaristus received the 4th episcopate of the Roman church. [99 CE]

Event Date: 99 LA

§ A100  Bishop Irenaeus writes that John the Apostle survived all the way to the time of Trajan: after whom his notable disciples were Papias, Bishop of Hieropolis, Polycarp of Smyrna, and Ignatius of Antioch. [100 CE]

Event Date: 100 LA

§ A101  220th Olympiad; Trajan celebrates a triumph over the Dacians and Scythians. [101 CE]

Event Date: 101 LA

§ A102  Trajan defeated King Decebalus and made Dacia a province: he made a treaty with the Iberians, Sauromatians, Osroenians, Arabs, Bosphorans and Colchians: he occupied and held Seleucia, Ctesiphon and Babylon: he instituted a fleet in the Red Sea so that he could lay waste the outskirts of India. [102 CE]

Event Date: 102 LA

§ A104  At Rome, the Domus Aurea burned down in a fire. [104 CE]

Event Date: 104 LA

§ A105  221st Olympiad; Four cities of Asia overthrown in an earthquake: Elaea, Myrrhina, Pitanae, and Cymae: and two in Greece, Opuntia (Opous) and Oritos(Oreos). [105 CE]

Event Date: 105 LA

§ A106  The fourth bishop of the church of Alexandria, by name Primus, is ordained, for twelve years. [106 CE]

Event Date: 106 LA

§ A107  A persecution being initiated by Trajan against Christians, Simon, the son of Cleophas, who was holding the episcopate of Jerusalem, is crucified. Justus succeeds him. [107 CE]

Event Date: 107 LA

§ A108  3rd persecution, by Trajan. Ignatius also, bishop of the church of Antioch, sent to Rome, is given to the beasts: after him Hero is appointed as the third bishop.
When Pliny the Younger was ruling a certain province and had put to death many Christians in his capacity as governor, he became frightened by their great numbers and sought from Trajan what he should do, reporting to him that, except for their stubborn refusal to sacrifice and their predawn gatherings to sing to a certain Christ as to a god, there was nothing (unusual) to be found among them. Furthermore, in order to be united in a common way of life, they forbid themselves to commit murder, theft, adultery, robbery, and the like. Disturbed by these things, Trajan wrote back: This kind of people should not be sought out, but when they are brought before you, it is fitting for them to be punished. Tertullian refers to all this in his Apology. [108 CE]

Event Date: 108 LA

§ A109  222nd Olympiad; Alexander holds the fifth episcopate of the city of Rome for ten years.
Pliny the Younger of New Como, of whom many works of ingenuity are extant, is considered a notable orator and historian. [109 CE]

Event Date: 109 LA

§ A110  Three cities of Galatia wiped out by an earthquake.
The Pantheon in Rome burned down by lightning. [110 CE]

Event Date: 110 LA

§ A111  After Justus, Zachaeus received the 4th episcopate of the Church of Jerusalem. After him, 5th is Tobias, to whom succeeds 6th Benjamin, and then 7th John and 8th Matthias, into whose place Philip is appointed 9th. [111 CE]

Event Date: 111 LA

§ A113  223rd Olympiad; Trajan made Armenia, Assyria and Mesopotamia into provinces.
An earthquake at Antioch ruined almost the entire city. [113 CE]

Event Date: 113 LA

§ A114  The Jews, who were in Libya, fight against their foreign-born neighbors. Likewise in Egypt, in Alexandria, and even Cyrene and the Thebaid, they struggle with great rebellion; but a portion of the gentiles defeat (them) in Alexandria. [114 CE]

Event Date: 114 LA

§ A115  The Emperor Trajan ordered Quietus of Lysia to banish the rebellious Jews of Mesopotamia from the province: Quietus, drawing up an army against them, killed countless thousands of them, and for this he is appointed procurator of Judea by the emperor.
After the gentiles there had been killed, the Jews overthrew Salamis, a city of Cyprus. [115 CE]

Event Date: 115 LA

§ A117  Trajan perishes in an illness at Selinus, or as I discover in someone else's text, he died at Isaurian Seleucia, the result of dysentery, in the sixty-third year, ninth month, and fourth day of his age. His bones were collected in a golden urn and placed in the Forum at the base of (his) column: and alone of all (the emperors) was he interred within the City.
224th Olympiad
12th of the Romans, Hadrian ruled for 21 years;
Hadrian, born at Italica in Spain, was the son of Trajan's female cousin. [117 CE]

Event Date: 117 LA

§ A118  Hadrian restored Alexandria, which had been sacked by the Romans, from public funds.
Hadrian, envious of Trajan's glory, recalled the army from those provinces created by him, namely, Assyria, Mesopotomia, and Armenia.
Hadrian makes captives of the Jews, who were rebelling against Rome for a second time.
The senate declares Trajan to be among the gods.
Hadrian was most erudite in both languages, but he was inadequately restrained in his lust for boys.
Hadrian freed the rest of the cities from tribute, having burned the records in public: he also discharged many free-men from these same tributes. [118 CE]

Event Date: 118 LA

§ A119  Plutarch of Chaeronea, Sextus, Agathabolus, and Oenomaus are considered notable philosophers. [119 CE]

Event Date: 119 LA

§ A120  Xystus holds the 6th episcopate of the Roman church for 10 years.
Justus is appointed as 5th bishop of the church of Alexandria for 11 years.
War waged against the Sauromatians. [120 CE]

Event Date: 120 LA

§ A121  After an earthquake had happened, Nicomedia lay in ruins, and many things were overturned in the city of Nicaea: for the reconstruction of which, Hadrian generously gave funds from the public treasury.
225th Olympiad; Euphrates the Stoic philosopher dies. [121 CE]

Event Date: 121 LA

§ A122  Hadrian plants colonies in Libya, which had been devastated by the Jews.
In response to the Athenians who had petitioned him for laws, Hadrian composed a legal code drawn from the books of Draco, Solon, and the rest [122 CE]

Event Date: 122 LA

§ A123  The river Cephisus flooded Eleusis, where Hadrian joined the two banks with a bridge and spent the winter in Athens. [123 CE]

Event Date: 123 LA

§ A124  After Philip, Seneca is appointed as the 10th bishop of Jerusalem; after whom, Justius as the 11th, to whom succeeded Levi the 12th, after whom Ephres 13th, Joses 14th, Judas 15th. All these bishops that presided down to the destruction of Jerusalem, that was carried through by Hadrian, were from the circumcision. [124 CE]

Event Date: 124 LA

§ A125  226th Olympiad; Hadrian was initiated into the Elusinian rites, and generously gave many gifts to the Athenians. [125 CE]

Event Date: 125 LA

§ A126  Quadratus the disciple of the apostles, and Aristides of Athens, our philosopher, composed books on behalf of the Christian religion to give to Hadrian. And the legate Serenus Granius, a man most noble, sends letters to the emperor, saying that it is unjust to allow the blood of innocent men guilty of no crime (to be shed) at the clamour of the mob, and to be made guilty of a crime only because of a name and a sect. Having been so moved, Hadrian wrote to Minucius Fundanus, proconsul of Asia, that the Christians should not be condemned without evidence of a crime. An exemplar of these letters has remained until our own time. [126 CE]

Event Date: 126 LA

§ A128  The emperor Hadrian is called Father of his Country and his wife Augusta.
Telesphorus received the seventh episcopate of the Roman church for 11 years.
Cornelius is appointed as the fourth bishop of Antioch. [128 CE]

Event Date: 128 LA

§ A129  227th Olympiad; Nicopolis and Caesarea were ruined in an earthquake.
Antinous, a boy noted for his exceptional beauty, dies in Egypt. After Hadrian attentively carries out his funeral rites — for the boy had been a favourite of his — , he declares him to be among the gods; a city was also named after him. [129 CE]

Event Date: 129 LA

§ A130  Eumenes presided as the sixth bishop of the church of Alexandria for 13 years. [130 CE]

Event Date: 130 LA

§ A131  The temple of Rome and Venus built by Hadrian. [131 CE]

Event Date: 131 LA

§ A132  Salvius Julianus composed the Perpetual Edict.
While Hadrian is spending the winter at Athens, he visits Eleusis.
Hadrian, when he had constructed many notable buildings in Athens, held games and erected a library of wondrous construction.
The Jews turned to arms and laid waste Palestine, while Tynius Rufus was in control of the province. Hadrian sent an army to him for the purpose of putting down the rebels.
Favorinus and Polemon are considered notable rhetoricians. [132 CE]

Event Date: 132 LA

§ A133  228th Olympiad; Basilides the heresiarch lingers in Alexandria, from whom come the Gnostics.
Barcocheba, leader of a party of the Jews, because the Christians are not willing to help him against the Roman army, murders them with every sort of torture. [133 CE]

Event Date: 133 LA

§ A134  The Jewish War, which took place in Palestine, came to an end with the complete suppression of the Jews. From that time permission for them even to enter Jerusalem was revoked, first by the will of God, as the prophets had foretold, then by the prohibitions of the Romans. [134 CE]

Event Date: 134 LA

§ A135  Marcus is appointed as first gentile bishop at Jerusalem, after the ending of those, who were from the Jews. [135 CE]

Event Date: 135 LA

§ A136  Aelia founded by Aelius Hadrian; on the front of that gate, by which we go out to Bethlehem, a sow was sculpted in marble, denoting that the Jews were subject to the Roman authority. Some think it was constructed by Titus Aelius, the son of Vespasian. [136 CE]

Event Date: 136 LA

§ A137  229th Olympiad; Hadrian, more than sixty years old, dies at Baiae because of dropsy. [137 CE]

Event Date: 137 LA

§ A138  13th of the Romans, T. Antoninus, surnamed Pius, reigned with his children Aurelius and Lucius for 22 years, 3 months.
Hyginus receives the 8th episcopate of the Roman church for four years. [138 CE]

Event Date: 138 LA

§ A139  Antoninus is named Father of his Country. [139 CE]

Event Date: 139 LA

§ A140  When Hyginus was bishop of Rome, Valentinus the arch-heretic and Cerdo, Marcion's teacher, came to Rome. [140 CE]

Event Date: 140 LA

§ A141  230th Olympiad; Justin the philosopher gave the book he had written on behalf of our religion to Antoninus. [141 CE]

Event Date: 141 LA

§ A142  Pius is ordained as the ninth bishop of the Roman church, for 15 years. [142 CE]

Event Date: 142 LA

§ A143  Eros is appointed as 5th bishop of Antioch.
Marcus receives the 7th episcopate of Alexandria, for 10 years. [143 CE]

Event Date: 143 LA

§ A144  Valentinus the heretic is well known, and he remains down to Anicetus.
Mesomedes of Crete, the poet-musician of lyre-ode songs, is well known. [144 CE]

Event Date: 144 LA

§ A145  231st Olympiad; Taurus Berytius, a distinguished philosopher of the Platonic sect, is considered important. [145 CE]

Event Date: 145 LA

§ A149  232nd Olympiad; The philosopher Arrianus of Nicomedia is well known, as is Maximus of Tyre. [149 CE]

Event Date: 149 LA

§ A150  The philosophers Apollonius the Stoic Chalcidian and Basilides the Scythopolitan are considered illustrious: who were also the truest preceptors of the Caesar. [150 CE]

Event Date: 150 LA

§ A153  233rd Olympiad; Celadion presided as 8th bishop of Alexandria, for 14 years. [153 CE]

Event Date: 153 LA

§ A154  Crescens the Cynic is well known, who promoted a prosecution against our Justin the Philosopher, learned in the (Christian) teachings, because he (Justin) was arguing him (Crescens) to be gluttonous and a corrupter of philosophy. By result of which he (Justin) gloriously poured out his blood for Christ. [154 CE]

Event Date: 154 LA

§ A157  234th Olympiad; Anicetus holds the 10th episcopate of the Roman church for 10 years, in whose time Polycarp coming to Rome corrected many from heretical error. [157 CE]

Event Date: 157 LA

§ A159  235th Olympiad; After Marcus, Cassianus received the 17th episcopate of Jerusalem, after him the 18th was Publius, whom Maximus, the 19th, succeeded, the 20th was Julianus, the 21st Gaianus, the 22nd Symmachus, the 23rd Caius, the 24th Julianus, and the 25th was Captio. [159 CE]

Event Date: 159 LA

§ A161  Antoninus Pius dies aged 77 at his villa at Lorium near the 12th milestone from the City. 14th of the Romans, Marcus Antonius, also called Verus, and Lucius Aurelius Commodus, reigned for 19 years and 1 month.
These men were the first to have run the empire jointly by law, since until this time, there had been individual Augusti. [161 CE]

Event Date: 161 LA

§ A162  It seems that fires were reported in the sky, from east to west, to Lucius Caesar who was sacrificing at Athens. [162 CE]

Event Date: 162 LA

§ A163  Vologaesus, king of the Parthians, laid waste the Roman provinces near to him. [163 CE]

Event Date: 163 LA

§ A164  The orator Fronto, who instructed Marcus Antoninus Verus in Latin studies, is considered notable. [164 CE]

Event Date: 164 LA

§ A165  Seleucia in Assyria captured together with 300,000 men by the Romans.
236th Olympiad; At Pisa, the philosopher Peregrinus, after a funeral pyre that he had built from timber had been lit, threw himself on it. [165 CE]

Event Date: 165 LA

§ A166  Lucius Caesar celebrated a triumph with his brother over the Parthians.
Agrippinus presided as the 9th bishop of Alexandria for 12 years. [166 CE]

Event Date: 166 LA

§ A167  4th persecution;
A persecution began in Asia and Polycarp and Pionius suffered martyrdom, of whom also there are written accounts of their martyrdom. [167 CE]

Event Date: 167 LA

§ A168  Many people in Gaul died gloriously for the name of Christ; their contests have survived until the present day preserved in books.
The plague overtook numerous provinces, Rome having been troubled from there. [168 CE]

Event Date: 168 LA

§ A169  The Romans fight against the Germans, Marcomannis,Quadi, Sarmatians, and Dacians.
237th Olympiad; Soter received the 11th episcopate of the Roman church for 8 years.
Theophilus is ordained as the 6th bishop of Antioch, of whom many works of ingenuity are still extant. [169 CE]

Event Date: 169 LA

§ A174  The emperor Lucius, while sitting with his brother in a carriage, died of apoplexy in the ninth, or, as some think, in the eleventh year of his reign between Concordia and Altinum.
Melito, bishop of Sardis in Asia, handed over an Apology for the Christians to the emperor Antoninus.
Apollinaris, bishop of Asian Hierapolis, is considered notable.
Dionysius, bishop of Corinth, is considered important, and Pinytus of Crete, a most eloquent man.
The false prophecy, which is called the Cataphrygian, had its beginning, from its founder Montanus, with Priscilla and Maximilla the insane seers.
Tatian the heretic is well known, from whom come the Encratites.
Bardaisan, the leader of another heresy, becomes well-known.
Oppianus Cilex the poet, who composed the Halieutica with wonderful splendour, is recognised.
So great was the pestilence throughout the entire world, that that the Roman army was slaughtered almost to extinction. [174 CE]

Event Date: 174 LA

§ A175  238th Olympiad; The emperor Antoninus sometimes personally participated in many of the wars that arose against him, sometimes he appointed very noble commanders. Among them, a rainstorm of the Divinity once was sent for Pertinax and his army while he was fighting with the emperor in the land of the Quadi and was oppressed with thirst; while on the other hand, thunderbolts fell upon the Germans and Sarmatians, and slew most of them.
There is extant a letter of Marcus Aurelius, a most serious emperor, in which it is witnessed that a drought of Germany was finished, perhaps by the prayers of the Christian soldiers, rain having been obtained. [175 CE]

Event Date: 175 LA

§ A177  Atticus, a philosopher of the Platonist school, is well known.
239th Olympiad; Eleutherius receives the 12th episcopate of the Roman Church for 15 years. [177 CE]

Event Date: 177 LA

§ A178  Maximinus is appointed as 7th bishop of Antioch.
Antoninus makes his son Commodus his colleague in power.
Antoninus with his son celebrated a triumph over the enemy, whom he had devastated by having a permanent camp at Carnuntum for three years.
The emperors granted much to many, and when they had forgiven the provinces the money that was owed to the exchequer, they instructed that the titles of the debtors should be burned in the middle of the forum of Rome, and, lest anything of goodness should be lacking, they tempered some rather severe laws with new regulations. [178 CE]

Event Date: 178 LA

§ A179  Antoninus, after a victory, was so splendid in the presentation of the games that a hundred lions were exhibited at the same time.
Commodus is named 'Augustus' by the Senate.
Smyrna, a city of Asia, was destroyed by an earthquake; for the reconstruction of which, a ten-year moratorium on its tribute was granted.
Antoninus died in an illness in Pannonia.
Julian is chosen by lot as the tenth bishop of the Alexandrian church for ten years. [179 CE]

Event Date: 179 LA

§ A180  15th of the Romans, Commodus reigned for 13 years.
Commodus celebrated a triumph over the Germans. [180 CE]

Event Date: 180 LA

§ A181  240th Olympiad; The Temple of Serapis at Alexandria burned down. [181 CE]

Event Date: 181 LA

§ A182  Irenaeus, the bishop of Lugdunum, is considered notable. [182 CE]

Event Date: 182 LA

§ A183  The baths of Commodus constructed in Rome. [183 CE]

Event Date: 183 LA

§ A184  Commodus named the month of September after himself. [184 CE]

Event Date: 184 LA

§ A186  241st Olympiad; Maximus is ordained the 26th bishop of Jerusalem. After him, the 27th is Antoninus, the 28th Valens, the 29th Dulchianus, the 30th Narcissus, the 31st Dius, the 32nd Germanio, the 33rd Gordius, and the 34th is Narcissus again. So many bishops having been appointed at Jerusalem, we could not discern the dates of each. Because of this these dates were not recorded much from this point until the present day. [186 CE]

Event Date: 186 LA

§ A188  Lightning destroys the Capitol and a great fire having been caused, the library and also nearby buildings were consumed. [188 CE]

Event Date: 188 LA

§ A189  242nd Olympiad; Demetrius is appointed the 11th bishop of Alexandria, for 43 years. [189 CE]

Event Date: 189 LA

§ A190  The emperor Commodus removed the head of the Colossus, and added a head in his own image.
Serapion is ordained the eighth bishop of Antioch. [190 CE]

Event Date: 190 LA

§ A191  Commodus kills many of the nobles, and provides the Roman people with notable games.
After a fire had happened at Rome, the palace and temple of the Vestals, together with the larger part of the City, are levelled to the ground. [191 CE]

Event Date: 191 LA

§ A192  Commodus is strangled in the Vectilian House. [192 CE]

Event Date: 192 LA

§ A193  243rd Olympiad
16th of the Romans, Aelius Pertinax reigned for 6 months.
Though he was more than seventy years old, Pertinax, while he was holding the prefecture of the City, was ordered by a decree of the senate to govern the empire. [193 CE]

Event Date: 193 LA

§ A194  Victor receives the 13th episcopate of Rome for 10 years, whose modest volumes On Religion are extant.
Pertinax refused the pleas of the Senate to call his wife 'Augusta' and his son Caesar, which suffices to show that he himself reigned unwillingly.
Pertinax is slain in the palace, by the wickedness of Julian the jurist: whom Severus afterwards killed at the Milvian Bridge.
17th of the Romans, Severus reigned for 18 years.
Severus was from the town of Leptis in the Province of Tripolitana, and remains to this day the only Emperor the Romans had from Africa. In honor of Pertinax, whom Julianus had slain, he commanded that he be surnamed Pertinax.
Severus reigned for 6 months of the preceding year. [194 CE]

Event Date: 194 LA

§ A195  Clement, a presbyter in the Church at Alexandria, and Pantaenus, a Stoic philosopher, are considered our most learned in disputes about doctrine.
Narcissus, Bishop of Jerusalem and Theophilus of Caesarea, with Polycrates and Bacchylus, bishops of the Asian Province are considered notable. [195 CE]

Event Date: 195 LA

§ A196  A question having arisen among the bishops of Asia whether, according to the Law of Moses, Easter ought to be observed on the 14th of the month, Victor, bishop of the City of Rome and Narcissus of Jerusalem, together with Polycrates and many pastors of the churches, issued a letter stating what seemed likely to them, of which a record survives down to our time. [196 CE]

Event Date: 196 LA

§ A197  244th Olympiad; The Jewish and Samaritan war happened. [197 CE]

Event Date: 197 LA

§ A198  Severus defeated the Parthians and the Adiabeni, and slaughtered the Inner Arabs to such an extent that he could make their land into a Roman province. On that account, he was given the surnames Parthicus, Arabicus, and Adiabenicus. [198 CE]

Event Date: 198 LA

§ A201  While Severus was reigning, Severian Baths were built at Antioch and Rome, and the Septizonium constructed.
245th Olympiad; Zephyrinus received the 14th episcopate of the Roman Church, for 17 years. [201 CE]

Event Date: 201 LA

§ A202  5th persecution
While persecution of the Christians was being carried on, Leonides the father of Origen passed on in the glorious death of martyrdom. [202 CE]

Event Date: 202 LA

§ A204  Alexander is considered notable on account of his confession of the name of the Lord.
In this year we find a jubilee observed by most, i.e. in the 12th year of Severus and 251st of the city of Antioch.
Clement composes many and various works.
Musanus the writer, of our philosophy, is well known.
[204 CE]

Event Date: 204 LA

§ A205  246th Olympiad; After Clodius Albinus, who had made himself Caesar in Gaul, had been killed at Lugdunum, Severus carried the war over to the British provinces: where, so as to make the recovered provinces more secure from barbarian invasions, he drew an earthwork along a 132 mile stretch from sea to sea. [205 CE]

Event Date: 205 LA

§ A208  Tertullian the African, son of the proconsular centurion, is celebrated among all the churches for his eloquence.
Origen becomes learned by studies at Alexandria. [208 CE]

Event Date: 208 LA

§ A209  247th Olympiad; Severus dies at Eburacum in Britain. [209 CE]

Event Date: 209 LA

§ A211  18th of the Romans, Antoninus, surnamed Caracalla, son of Severus, reigned for 7 years.
Asclepiades is appointed as the 9th Bishop of Antioch. [211 CE]

Event Date: 211 LA

§ A212  While Narcissus is still living, Alexander is ordained 35th Bishop of Jerusalem and rules the Church with him on an equal basis. [212 CE]

Event Date: 212 LA

§ A213  248th Olympiad; Antoninus was surnamed 'Caracalla' because of a type of clothing, which he had distributed at Rome;
and in turn caracallae were called antoninianae from his name. [213 CE]

Event Date: 213 LA

§ A215  Antoninus built the bathhouses that bear his name at Rome. [215 CE]

Event Date: 215 LA

§ A216  Antoninus was so desperate with lust that he made his stepmother Julia his wife. [216 CE]

Event Date: 216 LA

§ A217  249th Olympiad; Antoninus is killed between Edessa and Carrae in the 43rd year of his life. [217 CE]

Event Date: 217 LA

§ A218  19th of the Romans, Macrinus reigned for 1 year.
Macrinus, while holding the Praetorian Prefecture, made emperor. [218 CE]

Event Date: 218 LA

§ A219  Philetus is appointed 10th bishop of Antioch.
The amphitheatre at Rome burned down during the Vulcanalian Games.
Abgar, a holy man, reigned at Edessa, as Africanus maintains.
Macrinus is slain in Archelais (Khirbet-El-Arakah).
20th of the Romans, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus reigned for 4 years.
Marcus Aurelius, thought to be the son of Antoninus Caracalla, and priest of the temple of Heliogabalus, during his reign lived shamelessly to such a degree, that he overlooked no kind of obscenity. [219 CE]

Event Date: 219 LA

§ A220  Callistus received the 15th episcopate of the Roman church for five years. [220 CE]

Event Date: 220 LA

§ A221  The temple of Heliogabalus built at Rome.
250th Olympiad; In Palestine Nicopolis, which previously used to be called Emmaus, was founded as a city, the labour of the embassy on its behalf being undertaken by Julius Africanus, the writer of the Chronicle. [221 CE]

Event Date: 221 LA

§ A222  Antoninus is slain at Rome, along with his mother Symiasera, in a military uprising. [222 CE]

Event Date: 222 LA

§ A223  21st of the Romans, Alexander, son of Mamaea, reigned for 13 years.
Alexander most gloriously defeated Xerxes, king of the Persians, and he was such a strict reformer of military discipline that he dismissed certain entire legions that were disorderly. [223 CE]

Event Date: 223 LA

§ A225  251st Olympiad; Urbanus is ordained as 16th bishop of the Roman church, for nine years. [225 CE]

Event Date: 225 LA

§ A226  Ulpian, the jurist and counselor of Alexander, is considered most notable. [226 CE]

Event Date: 226 LA

§ A227  Alexandrian baths built at Rome. [227 CE]

Event Date: 227 LA

§ A228  Geminus, priest of Antioch, Hippolytus, and Beryllus, bishop of Arabian Bostra, are considered important writers. [228 CE]

Event Date: 228 LA

§ A229  252nd Olympiad; Zebennus is appointed 11th bishop of Antioch. [229 CE]

Event Date: 229 LA

§ A230  Origen of Alexandria is considered important. [230 CE]

Event Date: 230 LA

§ A231  Heraclas is ordained as the 12th bishop of the Alexandrian church for 16 years. [231 CE]

Event Date: 231 LA

§ A232  Alexander was uniquely pious towards his mother, and because of this was pleasant to everyone. [232 CE]

Event Date: 232 LA

§ A233  253rd Olympiad; Origen moves from Alexandria to Caesarea in Palestine. [233 CE]

Event Date: 233 LA

§ A234  Pontianus received the 17th episcopate of the Roman church for five years. [234 CE]

Event Date: 234 LA

§ A235  Alexander is slain at Moguntiacum in a military uprising. [235 CE]

Event Date: 235 LA

§ A236  22nd of the Romans, Maximinus for 3 years.
Maximinus was the first emperor chosen by the army from the military, without the authorization of the Senate. [236 CE]

Event Date: 236 LA

§ A237  254th Olympiad; 6th persecution.
Maximinus carries out a persecution against the priests of the churches. [237 CE]

Event Date: 237 LA

§ A238  Maximinus is slain at Aquileia by Pupienus. [238 CE]

Event Date: 238 LA

§ A239  23rd of the Romans, Gordian reigned for 6 years.
Antherus is ordained as the 18th bishop of Rome, for one month, after whom the 19th, Fabianus for 13 years. [239 CE]

Event Date: 239 LA

§ A240  After Gordian had entered Rome, Pupienus and Albinus who had seized power were slain in the palace. [240 CE]

Event Date: 240 LA

§ A241  255th Olympiad; Gordian, while very much a young man, having defeated the Parthian nation, when he was returning home a victor, he was killed by a stratagem of the praetorian prefect Philip not far from Roman soil. [241 CE]

Event Date: 241 LA

§ A244  For Gordian the soldiers build a burial mound, which overlooks the Euphrates River, after his bones had been carried back to Rome. [244 CE]

Event Date: 244 LA

§ A245  24th of the Romans, Philip ruled for seven years.
256th Olympiad; Philip makes his son Philip his colleague in power; and he first of all the Roman emperors was a Christian. [245 CE]

Event Date: 245 LA

§ A246  While the Philips were reigning, the millennium of the city of Rome was completed, because of which solemnity innumerable beasts were killed in the great circus and theatrical games celebrated in the Campus Martius, the people staying awake for three days and nights. [246 CE]

Event Date: 246 LA

§ A247  The theatre of Pompey and the Hecatonstylon burned down. [247 CE]

Event Date: 247 LA

§ A248  'Athlamos' (600) ran in the contest for the birthday of the city of Rome, and this game has been held for a thousand years.
Philip constructs the city in Thrace that bears his name. [248 CE]

Event Date: 248 LA

§ A249  257th Olympiad; Dionysius held the 23rd episcopacy of the church of Alexandria for 17 years. [249 CE]

Event Date: 249 LA

§ A251  The older Philip is slain at Verona, the younger at Rome. [251 CE]

Event Date: 251 LA

§ A252  25th of the Romans, Decius reigned for 1 year, 3 months.
Decius, from Pannonia Inferior, was born at Budalia.
7th persecution: After Decius had killed the Philips, father and son, from hatred of them he launches a persecution against the Christians.
Anthony the monk is born in Egypt.
At Rome the amphitheatre burned down.
After Alexander, bishop of Jerusalem, had been killed as a martyr at Caesarea of Palestine and Babylas at Antioch, Mazabanus and Fabius are appointed bishops.
Decius along with his son is murdered in Abritto.
26th of the Romans, Gallus and Volusianus son of Gallus reigned for two years, four months.
Cornelius received the 20th episcopate of the Roman church, after the glorious death of Fabianus, for 2 years and was himself also crowned with martyrdom. Eight letters of Cyprian to him are extant. [252 CE]

Event Date: 252 LA

§ A253  258th Olympiad; A pestilential sickness seized many provinces of the whole world, and especially at Alexandria and in Egypt, as Dionysius writes, and the book On Mortality by Cyprian is a witness. [253 CE]

Event Date: 253 LA

§ A254  Novatus a presbyter of Cyprian's, coming to Rome, unites Novatian and other confessors to himself, because Cornelius had received penitent apostates.
Demetrianus is appointed as the 13th bishop of Antioch.
Lucius holds the 21st episcopacy of the Roman Church for 8 months. After which Stephen is the
22nd for 3 years. There are extant some letters of Cyprian to both of them.
A jubilee, according to most of our people.
Gallus and Volusianus, when they set out from the City against Aemilianus, who was causing a revolt in Moesia, were killed in Forum Flaminii or, as some believe, at Interamna.
Aemilian died in the third month of his usurpation. [254 CE]

Event Date: 254 LA

§ A255  27th of the Romans, Valerian and Gallienus reigned for 15 years.
In Rhetia Valerianus was hailed as Augustus by the army. At Rome Gallienus was named Caesar by the Senate. [255 CE]

Event Date: 255 LA

§ A257  259th Olympiad; Xystus held the episcopate of the Roman church 23rd for 8 years.
Cyprian, first a rhetorician, then a priest, and finally bishop of Carthage, is crowned with martyrdom. [257 CE]

Event Date: 257 LA

§ A258  Valerian, after stirring up a persecution against the Christians, is immediately captured by Sapor, the king of the Persians, and there he grows old in miserable slavery. [258 CE]

Event Date: 258 LA

§ A259  8th persecution, of Valerian
Sapor, king of the Persians, lays waste to Syria, Cilicia, and Cappadocia.
After Valerian had been led captive into Persia, Gallienus restored peace to us. [259 CE]

Event Date: 259 LA

§ A260  260th Olympiad; Paul of Samosata is appointed as the 15th bishop of Antioch. [260 CE]

Event Date: 260 LA

§ A261  While Gallienus was dissipated with every wantonness, the Germans came as far as Ravenna. [261 CE]

Event Date: 261 LA

§ A262  After the Gallic provinces had been devastated, the Alamanni crossed into Italy.
Greece, Macedonia, Pontus, and Asia laid waste by the Goths. The Quadi and the Sarmatae seized Pannonian provinces. [262 CE]

Event Date: 262 LA

§ A264  After Spanish provinces had been seized by the Germans, Tarraco was attacked. The Parthians were holding Mesopotamia, and invaded Syria. [264 CE]

Event Date: 264 LA

§ A265  261st Olympiad; Maximus is ordained as the 14th bishop of the church of Alexandria, for 18 years. [265 CE]

Event Date: 265 LA

§ A266  Dionysius is appointed as the 24th bishop of Rome for 12 years. [266 CE]

Event Date: 266 LA

§ A267  Odenathus, a decurion of Palmyra, having collected a band of peasants, so slaughtered the Persians that he set up camp at Ctesiphon.
Hymenaeus holds the episcopate of Jerusalem. [267 CE]

Event Date: 267 LA

§ A268  Paul of Samosata deserted the preaching of everyone, and resuscitated the heresy of Artemon; Domnus is ordained 16th bishop of the Antiochene church in his place. [268 CE]

Event Date: 268 LA

§ A269  The Gallic provinces recovered by Postumus, Victorinus and Tetricus.
262nd Olympiad; Gallienus is murdered at Milan.
28th of the Romans, Claudius reigned for 1 year, 9 months.
In Alexandria, Bruchium, which had been blockaded for many years, is at last destroyed.
Claudius defeats the Goths ravaging Illyricum and Macedonia; because of them, in the Curia a gold medallion, and in the Capitol a gold statue, were set up for him. [269 CE]

Event Date: 269 LA

§ A271  Claudius dies at Sirmium.
Quintilius the brother of Claudius named Augustus by the Senate; on the 17th day of his reign he is slain at Aquileia. [271 CE]

Event Date: 271 LA

§ A272  29th of the Romans, Aurelian reigned for 5 years, 6 months.
Timaeus is ordained as the 17th bishop of the church of Antioch. [272 CE]

Event Date: 272 LA

§ A273  263rd Olympiad; Tetricus abandoning his army among the Catalauni, Aurelian recovered the Gallic provinces. [273 CE]

Event Date: 273 LA

§ A274  Zenobia is conquered at Immae, not far distant from Antioch. After her husband had been slain, she was holding the rule of the East. In this struggle, the general Pompeianus — whose cognomen was 'the Frank' — fought very vigorously against her. Even today his family persists at Antioch, and Evagrius, very dear to us, is descended from his line.
Eusebius, bishop of Laodicaea, is considered notable.
Tetricus and Zenobia preceded the chariot of Aurelian in a triumph at Rome; after which Tetricus was Corrector of Lucania, and Zenobia grew old in the city with great esteem, and from her today there is a family in Rome that is named 'of Zenobia'. [274 CE]

Event Date: 274 LA

§ A275  Aurelian builds a temple to the Sun and surrounds Rome with stronger walls. [275 CE]

Event Date: 275 LA

§ A276  The first games of the sun established by Aurelian.
9th persecution;
After Aurelian had initiated a persecution against us, a thunderbolt falls next to him and his companions; and not long after, he is slain at Caenophrurium on the old road between Constantinople and Heraclea. [276 CE]

Event Date: 276 LA

§ A277  264th Olympiad; 30th of the Romans, Tacitus reigned for 6 months.
After he had been slain at Pontus, Florian obtained power for 88 days. After he too had been killed at Tarsus,
31st of the Romans, Probus reigned for 6 years, 4 months. [277 CE]

Event Date: 277 LA

§ A278  Felix received the 25th episcopate of the Roman church for 5 years. [278 CE]

Event Date: 278 LA

§ A279  Probus with great energy restored the Gallic provinces occupied by the barbarians.
Start of the 86th jubilee according to the Hebrews;
Anatolius, bishop of Laodicea, learned in the teachings of the philosophers, is celebrated for his superlative eloquence. [279 CE]

Event Date: 279 LA

§ A280  The second year of Probus was year 325 according to the people of Antioch; 402 according to the Tyrians; 324 according to the Laodiceans; 588 according to the Edessans; 380 according to the Ascalonians.
The insane heresy of the Manichaeans appeared, to the general harm of the human race. [280 CE]

Event Date: 280 LA

§ A281  Probus permitted the Gauls and Pannonians to have vines, and he gave the Alma and Aureus hills, planted by the army, to be harvested by the provincials.
265th Olympiad; Cyrillus is appointed 18th bishop of Antioch. [281 CE]

Event Date: 281 LA

§ A282  Saturninus, the master of the army, began to refound a new city at Antioch: who afterwards is slain at Apamea attempting to take possession of the empire.
Eutychianus received the 26th episcopate of the Church of Rome for 8 months, after which Gaius was 27th for 15 years. [282 CE]

Event Date: 282 LA

§ A283  Probus is murdered in an uprising of the military in a tower, which is called Ferrata, near Sirmium. [283 CE]

Event Date: 283 LA

§ A284  Theonas presided as the 15th bishop of the Alexandrian church for 19 years.
32nd of the Romans, Carus with his sons Carinus and Numerian, for two years. [284 CE]

Event Date: 284 LA

§ A285  266th Olympiad; Carus, from Narbo, when he had taken Cochis and Ctesiphon, the most important cities of the enemy, after all the region of the Parthians had been devastated, while setting up camp besides the Tigris, died by a flash of lightning.
Numerian, as he was being carried along in a litter due to a pain in his eye, was slain by a plot of his father-in-law Aper. The wickedness was only discovered several days later due to the stench of the corpse. [285 CE]

Event Date: 285 LA

§ A286  Carinus, defeated in battle at the Margus, is slain.
33rd of the Romans, Diocletian reigned for 20 years.
Diocletian from Dalmatia, the son of a scribe, after being elected emperor immediately struck Aper in the assembly of the soldiers, swearing that Numerian had been killed without his being involved. [286 CE]

Event Date: 286 LA

§ A287  Diocletian adopted as co-ruler Maximianus Herculius who, after suppressing a multitude of peasants, to whose faction he gave the name of Bacaudae, restored peace to the Gallic provinces. [287 CE]

Event Date: 287 LA

§ A289  267th Olympiad; After assuming the purple, Carausius occupied Britain. Narsaeus made war in the East. [289 CE]

Event Date: 289 LA

§ A292  The Quinquegentani infested Africa.
Achilleus seized Egypt.
For these reasons Constantius and Galerius Maximianus were adopted into the royal power as Caesars. Constantius was the nephew of Claudius through his daughter, and Galerius was born in Dacia not far from Serdica . And so that Diocletian might be connected to them by marriage, Constantius married Theodora the stepdaughter of Herculius, from whom afterwards he had six children, the brothers of Constantine; Galerius married Valeria the daughter of Diocletian, after both being obliged to divorce the wives they had. [292 CE]

Event Date: 292 LA

§ A293  268th Olympiad; Busiris and Coptos rebelling against the Romans, they were razed down to the ground. [293 CE]

Event Date: 293 LA

§ A295  The nations of the Carpi and Basternae were resettled on Roman soil. [295 CE]

Event Date: 295 LA

§ A296  While all the emperors before him were hailed in the manner of a magistrate, and they had nothing more than a purple mantle in addition to a normal dress, Diocletian was the first to order that he should be hailed as a god, and gems to be sewn into his robes and shoes. [296 CE]

Event Date: 296 LA

§ A297  269th Olympiad; Marcellianus received the 28th episcopate of the Roman church. [297 CE]

Event Date: 297 LA

§ A298  Alexandria, with the rest of Egypt, cut itself off from Roman authority through the leadership of Achilleus; after a siege of eight months, it was retaken by Diocletian.
Therefore, many throughout the whole of Egypt were troubled with heavy proscriptions and exile after those who had emerged as the cause of the revolt had been killed. [298 CE]

Event Date: 298 LA

§ A300  Zabdas is ordained 37th bishop of the church of Jerusalem. [300 CE]

Event Date: 300 LA

§ A301  After ten years Britain recovered by Asclepiodotus, the praetorian prefect.
270th Olympiad; Near Langres, 60,000 Alamanni slaughtered by Constantius Caesar.
Galerius Maximian, defeated by Narses, ran before Diocletian's carriage wearing his purple robes. [301 CE]

Event Date: 301 LA

§ A302  Veturius, Master of the Soldiers, persecutes the Christian soldiers, the persecution against us beginning little by little from just that time.
10th persecution;
Galerius Maximian, after he had defeated Narses, and captured his wives, children and sisters, is received by Diocletian with great honour. [302 CE]

Event Date: 302 LA

§ A303  The Baths of Diocletian at Rome and the Baths of Maximian at Carthage made.
Hermon presided as the 38th bishop of the church of Jerusalem. [303 CE]

Event Date: 303 LA

§ A304  Tyrannus is appointed as the 19th bishop of Antioch.
After Theonus, Peter is ordained the 21st bishop of the Church of Alexandria, who later in the ninth year of the persecution accomplished a glorious martyrdom. [304 CE]

Event Date: 304 LA

§ A305  Diocletian and Maximian Augusti celebrated a triumph at Rome with notable pomp. Before their chariot went the wife, sisters and children of Narses, and all the booty, which they had looted from the Parthians.
In a horrible earthquake at Tyre and Sidon, many edifices were ruined and an immense number of people were crushed.
In the nineteenth year of Diocletian, during the month of March, in the days of Easter, the churches were destroyed. However in the 4th year of the persecution, Constantine began to reign.
According to the Antiochenes, year 350.
1st year of the persecution
271st Olympiad; In the second year of the persecution, Diocletian at Nicomedia, and Maximianus at Milan, laid down the purple. [305 CE]

Event Date: 305 LA

§ A306  Eusebius is appointed as the 29th bishop at Rome for a period of seven months, after him Miltiades as the 30th bishop holds the church for four years.
Maximinus and Severus made Caesars by Galerius Maximian. [306 CE]

Event Date: 306 LA

§ A307  In the 16th year of his reign Constantius died in Britain at Eburacum; after him his son Constantine, born from the concubine Helena, takes possession of the empire.
34th of the Romans, Constantine reigned for 30 years, 10 months.
Year of the persecution: 4 [307 CE]

Event Date: 307 LA

§ A308  Maxentius, the son of Maximianus Herculius, is named Augustus at Rome by the Praetorian Guard.
Severus Caesar, sent against Maxentius by Galerius Maximianus, is killed at Ravenna in the second year of his reign.
Licinius made emperor at Carnuntum by Galerius. [308 CE]

Event Date: 308 LA

§ A309  Maximianus Herculius, detected by his daughter Fausta, because he was preparing a swindle against his son-in-law Constantine, in flight is slain at Marseilles.
Quirinus, bishop of Siscia, is gloriously killed for Christ: for the top of a household quern fastened to his neck, and thrown headlong into a river, he floated for a very long time and while he was being remarked upon by the spectators, lest by his example they should be frightened, praying hard that he should sink, he obtained it.
272nd Olympiad; Galerius Maximianus dies. [309 CE]

Event Date: 309 LA

§ A310  Silvester is ordained as the 31st bishop of the Church of Rome for 22 years. [310 CE]

Event Date: 310 LA

§ A311  Maximinus, after a persecution had been carried out against the Christians, when now about to be punished by Licinius, dies at Tarsus. [311 CE]

Event Date: 311 LA

§ A312  Achillas is ordained as the 17th bishop of the Church of Alexandria.
Maxentius, defeated by Constantine near the Milvian Bridge, dies. [312 CE]

Event Date: 312 LA

§ A313  273rd Olympiad; The war against Licinius at Cibalae. [313 CE]

Event Date: 313 LA

§ A314  Macarius is appointed as the 39th bishop of Jerusalem.
Peace restored to us by Constantine. [314 CE]

Event Date: 314 LA

§ A316  Diocletian dies in his villa at Split, not far from Salonae, and, alone of all (the emperors), is declared to be among the gods as a private citizen. [316 CE]

Event Date: 316 LA

§ A317  274th Olympiad; Crispus and Constantine, sons of Constantine, and Licinius, the adolescent son of Licinius Augustus, the offspring of Constantine's sister, are appointed Caesars; of these, Lactantius, the most eloquent man of his time, educated Crispus in Latin literature; but he (Lactantius) was in fact a pauper in this life, as he generally lacked even the necessities. [317 CE]

Event Date: 317 LA

§ A321  275th Olympiad; Licinius expels the Christians from his palace.
Basileus bishop of Amasia of Pontus is crowned with martyrdom under Licinius.
Alexander is ordained the 18th bishop of the Alexandrian church: it was he who excommunicated Arius the priest from the Church. Arius unites many people to his impiety;
synod of 318 bishops having gathered in the city of Nicaea to refute their perfidy, put and end to all the machinations of the heretics in opposition to the homoousion. [321 CE]

Event Date: 321 LA

§ A323  Constantius, the son of Constantine, appointed Caesar. [323 CE]

Event Date: 323 LA

§ A324  Licinius, contrary to a solemn pledge, is slain as a private citizen at Thessalonica.
Nazarius the rhetor is considered notable. [324 CE]

Event Date: 324 LA

§ A325  276th Olympiad; Crispus, the son of Constantine, and Licinius junior, the son of Constantia, the sister of Constantine, and of Licinius, are very cruelly killed. [325 CE]

Event Date: 325 LA

§ A326  The Vicennalia of Constantine held in Nicomedia, and proclaimed at Rome in the following year. [326 CE]

Event Date: 326 LA

§ A327  Until this point Eusebius Pamphili, companion to the martyrs, writes this history, to which we ourselves have appended these things following.
In Africa, Arnobius the rhetor is considered important, who when he was in Sicca teaching the youths to declaim, and, being still a pagan, was compelled by dreams to believe, although he had not obtained from the bishop by asking the faith that he had always attacked, he composed the most splendid books against the former religion, and finally, as if with these as offerings, he requested and obtained the covenant of faith. [327 CE]

Event Date: 327 LA

§ A328  Constantine, restoring the city of Drepana in Bithynia in honor of the martyr Lucian, who was buried there, named it Helenopolis, from the name of his mother.
In Antioch the construction of the Dominicum which is called Aureum begun.
Constantine kills his wife Fausta. [328 CE]

Event Date: 328 LA

§ A329  Donatus is well known, from whom come the Donatists throughout Africa.
277th Olympiad; At Antioch following Tyrannum, Vitalis is ordained as the 20th bishop, after whom as 21st Philogonius, to whom succeeded as 22nd Paulinus, after whom as 23rd Eustathius, from whom, when he was forced into exile for the Faith, the Arians got the church (and hold it) until the present day, that is, Eulalius, Eusebius, Euphronius, Placillus, Stephanus, Leontius, Eudoxius, Meletius, Euzoius, Dorotheus, and Meletius again. But I have not sorted out their dates, insofar as I would judge them enemies of Christ rather than bishops. [329 CE]

Event Date: 329 LA

§ A330  Juvencus the presbyter, by nation Spanish, sets forth the Gospels in heroic verse.
Porphyrius, having sent a notable book to Constantine is released from exile.
Athanasius is ordained as 19th bishop of Alexandria. [330 CE]

Event Date: 330 LA

§ A331  Constantinople is dedicated by denuding nearly every other city.
Metrodorus the philosopher is well known.
Marcus held the 32nd episcopacy of the Church of Rome for 8 months, after whom, Julius was ordained
33rd, for 16 years, 4 months. [331 CE]

Event Date: 331 LA

§ A332  By an edict of Constantine the temples of the gentiles were overthrown.
The Romans defeated the Goths in the land of the Sarmatians. [332 CE]

Event Date: 332 LA

§ A332  278th Olympiad; Constans, the son of Constantine, is promoted to the royal power. [333 CE]

Event Date: 333 LA

§ A334  An innumerable multitude perish from pestilence and famine in Syria and Cilicia.
The Limigantes Sarmatians, having gathered a force, expelled their masters, who are now called the Argaragantes, onto Roman soil. [334 CE]

Event Date: 334 LA

§ A335  Calocerus revolts in Cyprus and is suppressed.
Constantine and his children sent an honorific letter to Antonius. [335 CE]

Event Date: 335 LA

§ A336  On the Tricennalia of Constantine, Dalmatius is named a Caesar.
The rhetor Pater teaches at Rome with great success.
The daughter of the rhetor Nazarius equals her father in eloquence.
The praetorian prefect Tiberian, an eloquent man, rules the Gallic provinces.
The presbyter Eustathius of Constantinople is well known; by whose industry in Jerusalem, a church dedicated to the martyrs was constructed. [336 CE]

Event Date: 336 LA

§ A337  279th Olympiad; Constantine, baptized by Eusebius of Nicomedia at the very end of his life, falls into the dogma of Arius, and from that time until now seizures of churches and discord of the whole world have followed. [337 CE]

Event Date: 337 LA

§ A338  While preparing for war against the Persians, Constantine dies at Ancyra in a public villa near Nicomedia at the age of 66; after him his three sons are hailed Augusti from being Caesars.
35th of the Romans, Constantine, Constantius, and Constans reigned for 24 years, 5 months, and 13 days.
Ablabius the Praetorian Prefect and many of the nobles slaughtered. [338 CE]

Event Date: 338 LA

§ A339  Sapor, king of Persia, after Mesopotamia had been devastated, besieged Nisibis for almost two months.
Dalmatius Caesar, whom his uncle Constantine had left as a colleague in the power of his sons, is murdered by a plot of his cousin Constantius and in a military disturbance.
James, bishop of Nisibis, is well known, by whose prayers his city was often saved from crisis.
From this point the Arian impiety, propped up by the support of the ruler, Constantius, with exiles and imprisonments and various types of affliction first persecuted Athanasius and then all bishops not of their party. [339 CE]

Event Date: 339 LA

§ A340  Constantine, waging war against his brother near Aquileia, is slain at Alsa. [340 CE]

Event Date: 340 LA

§ A341  280th Olympiad; Constans fights against the Franks with mixed fortune. [341 CE]

Event Date: 341 LA

§ A342  Many cities of the east collapsed in a horrible earthquake.
Audeus is considered important in Coele-Syria, from whom comes the Audian heresy.
The Franks subdued by Constans and peace made with them. [342 CE]

Event Date: 342 LA

§ A343  Hermogenes the master of soldiers lynched by the people of Constantinople on account of bishop Paul whom he was banishing by the power of the emperor and the faction of the Arians.
The Dominicum Aureum is dedicated in Antioch.
Macedonius 'the featherer'
in place of Paul is substituted as bishop of the Arians; from whom now is the Macedonian heresy.
Because of the cruelty of the prefect Philip, for he was a supporter of Macedonius' party, and due to the plotting of the Arians, Paul is strangled.
Maximinus, bishop of the Treveri, is considered important; by whom Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, was received honourably, when he obtained punishment from Constantius. [343 CE]

Event Date: 343 LA

§ A344  Sapor, king of the Persians, persecutes the Christians.
Neocaesaria in Pontus destroyed, except for the church, the bishop and the other people that were found in that very place. [344 CE]

Event Date: 344 LA

§ A345  281th Olympiad; Titian, an eloquent man, administers the praetorian prefecture, in the Gallic provinces. [345 CE]

Event Date: 345 LA

§ A346  Athanasius is returned to Alexandria by a letter of Constans. [346 CE]

Event Date: 346 LA

§ A347  Dyrrachium collapsed in an earthquake, and for three days and nights Rome tottered and many cities of Campania were shaken.
A sea-port constructed in Seleucia of Syria at great expense to the state.
Sapor for three months again besieges Nisibis.
The bishop Eusebius of Emesa, standard-bearer of the Arian faction, composes many and various works. [347 CE]

Event Date: 347 LA

§ A348  An eclipse of the sun happened.
Nocturnal Persian battle at Singara in which we lost a certain victory by the stupidity of the soldiers. Nor indeed was there any more serious battle out of nine most serious conflicts against the Persians, for instance, as I shall omit others, Nisibis was besieged and Bizabde and Amida were captured. [348 CE]

Event Date: 348 LA

§ A349  Maximus the 40th bishop of Jerusalem after Macarius dies, after whom the Arians take possession of the church, that is Cyril, Eutychius, Cyril again, Irenaeus, Cyril a third time, Hilarius, Cyril a fourth time. Of these, Cyril had been ordained presbyter by Maximus and thus after his death the episcopate was promised to him by Acacius bishop of Caesarea and other Arians if he would repudiate the ordination of Maximus. He ministered as a deacon in the church. On account of this impiety of priesthood he was compensated by a bribe. He degraded Heraclius, whom the dying Maximus had appointed in his place, from bishop to presbyter, harassing him by various deceits.
282nd Olympiad; Liberius is ordained 34th bishop of the Roman church, to whom, when he had been driven into exile on account of the faith, all the clergy swore that they would receive no-one else. However when Felix was substituted by the Arians, most perjured themselves and after a year they were ejected with Felix because Liberius, having been conquered by the tedium of exile and subscribing to the heretical depravity, had entered Rome as if a conqueror. [349 CE]

Event Date: 349 LA

§ A350  After Magnentius had seized the emperorship at Augustodunum, Constans is killed in the thirtieth year of his life not far from Spain in a camp which is named Helena; on account of this, since the state was thrown into turmoil, Vetranio, at Mursa, and Nepotian, at Rome, became emperors.
At Rome, the people rebelling against the followers of Magnentius are betrayed by Heraclides the senator.
The head of Nepotian paraded through the city on a pike, and many proscriptions and slaughters of noblemen carried out. [350 CE]

Event Date: 350 LA

§ A351  The insignia of imperial power taken away from Vetranio by Constantius at Naissus. [351 CE]

Event Date: 351 LA

§ A352  Magnentius conquered at Mursa, in which battle the Roman forces were ruined.
Gallus, cousin of Constantius, made Caesar.
Gallus crushed the Jews, who after killing the soldiers by night had taken possession of arms in order to rebel, with the slaughter of many thousands of men, even up to those of innocent years, and turned over to fire their cities, Diocaesaria, Tiberias and Diospolis, and very many towns. [352 CE]

Event Date: 352 LA

§ A353  Some of the nobles of Antioch killed by Gallus.
283rd Olympiad; Jubilee according to the Hebrews
Magnentius of Lugdunum kills himself in the palace by his own hand; and his brother Decentius, whom he had sent to look after the Gallic provinces, ends his life among the Senones with a noose.
Gennadius the forensic orator, is considered notable at Rome.
The rhetor Minervius of Bordeaux teaches at Rome with great success. [353 CE]

Event Date: 353 LA

§ A354  Gallus Caesar, deceived by his cousin Constantius, under whose suspicion he had come because of his outstanding inborn ability, is executed at Histria. [354 CE]

Event Date: 354 LA

§ A355  Silvanus, having revolted in Gaul, died on the twenty-eighth day.
The rhetor Victorinus and my teacher Donatus the grammarian are considered notable at Rome, of whom Victorinus even merited a statue in the forum of Trajan.
Paulinus and Rodianus, bishops of the Gallic provinces, driven into exile on account of the faith.
The rhetors Alcimus and Delphidius teach with great success in Aquitania. [355 CE]

Event Date: 355 LA

§ A356  Donatus, from whom we have mentioned above that the Donatists took their name, is expelled from Carthage: certain followers of his they also call Montensians from those that first began to have a church at Rome on a hill.
Eusebius bishop of Vercellae, and Lucifer and Dionysius, bishops of the churches of Cagliari and Milan, also Pancratius a Roman presbyter and Hilarius a deacon are condemned to exile with distance between them by the Arians and Constantius.
Julian, brother of Gallus, is named Caesar at Milan.
Anthony the monk dies in his 150th year in the desert. He was accustomed to recount to many who came to him about a certain man Paul the Theban of wonderful blessings, whose death we have ourselves explained in a brief book. [356 CE]

Event Date: 356 LA

§ A357  Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, by the plotting of Saturninus bishop of Arelate and the rest who with him were Arians, having been expelled to Phrygia for three years, composes books about our religion.
The relics of the apostle Timothy brought to Constantinople.
Sarmata, Amatas and Macarius, disciples of Anthony, are considered notable.
Liberius, the Roman bishop, is sent into exile.
Large numbers of the forces of the Alamanni crushed by Julian Caesar at Argentoratum, a city of the Gallic provinces.
284th Olympiad; Saracens, rushing into the monastery of Blessed Anthony, kill Sarmata. [357 CE]

Event Date: 357 LA

§ A358  After Constantius had entered Rome, the bones of the apostle Andrew and evangelist Luke were received from the people of Constantinople with marvellous goodwill.
Nicomedia utterly destroyed by an earthquake; the neighbouring cities partially damaged. [358 CE]

Event Date: 358 LA

§ A359  Paulinus bishop of Treves dies in exile in Phrygia.
Evantius, most learned of grammarians, died at Constantinople, in whose place Chrestus is brought from Africa.
Synods held at Ariminum and Seleucia in Isauria, in which the ancient faith of the fathers was condemned, first by the treachery of ten delegates, then by all. [359 CE]

Event Date: 359 LA

§ A360  Honoratus, from being Pretorian Prefect of the Gallic provinces, made the first Prefect of the city of Constantinople.
Gratian, who is now emperor, is born.
Hilarius, when he had offered a book in his own defence to Constantius at Constantinople, returns to the Gallic provinces.
Macedonius is banished from Constantinople.
Almost every church in the whole world is polluted in the name of 'peace' and by the connivance of the ruler of the Arians.
The greatest of churches is dedicated in Constantinople.
Meletius of Sebastia, bishop of the Armenians, is transferred to Antioch by Acacius and George the Arian bishops, and after no great interval of time, when he received the presbyters which had been unfrocked by his predecessor Eudoxius, a most just cause of exile having been endured, he played false by changing faith.
Because of Hilary, Gaul condemns the treacherous trickeries of Ariminum. [360 CE]

Event Date: 360 LA

§ A361  285th Olympiad; Constantius II dies at Mopsocrene, between Cilicia and Cappadocia, in the forty-fifth year of his life. [361 CE]

Event Date: 361 LA

§ A362  36th of the Romans, Julian reigned for 1 year and 8 months. As Julian had been converted to the worship of idols, there was a mild persecution, more swaying than compelling people to have to sacrifice, in which many of our people fell by their own will. [362 CE]

Event Date: 362 LA

§ A363  After George, who had been ordained bishop in place of Athanasius by the Arians, had been burned to death because of a revolt of the people, Athanasius is returned to Alexandria.
Eusebius and Lucifer are returned from exile, from where Lucifer, having adopted two other confessors, makes Paulinus, the presbyter of bishop Eustathius and who had never polluted himself in the communion of the heretics, bishop in the Catholic part of Antioch.
When the law had been given that Christians could not be teachers of the liberal arts, Proheresius the Athenian sophist spontaneously gave up his school, although Julian had specially conceded that he might teach despite being a Christian.
Aemilianus is burned by the vicarius because he had overturned the altars at Durostorum.
The church of Antioch was shut and a most serious storm of imminent persecution was quieted by the will of God. For Julian had proceeded into Persia and vowed our blood to the gods after a victory. There he was led into the desert by a certain pretended deserter, when he had lost his apostate army by hunger and thirst and had unadvisedly strayed from the ranks of his own men, he was by chance stabbed in the groin with a lance by a hostile horseman of the enemy and perished in the 32nd year of his life. After which, the following day, Jovian the head of the household troops was made emperor. [363 CE]

Event Date: 363 LA

§ A364  37th of the Romans, Jovian reigned for 8 months;
Jovian, compelled by necessity, handed over Nisibis and a great part of Mesopotamia to Sapor, king of the Persians.
The synod of Antioch convened by Melitius and his group, at which, after the homoousian and anomoian theories were rejected, they proclaimed the Macedonian dogma of the homoiousion, midway between them.
From indigestion, or the smell of coals, of which he had ordered too many to be burned, Jovian dies at Dadastana aged 33. After him Valentinian, tribune of the scutarii, from Pannonia Cibalensis, is hailed as Augustus at Nicaea, and takes his brother Valens as co-ruler at Constantinople. [364 CE]

Event Date: 364 LA

§ A365  286th Olympiad
38th of the Romans, Valentinian and Valens reigned for 14 years and 5 months. Valentinian in another time would have been an exceptional emperor and was similar to Aurelian in his behaviour, except that his undue strictness and a certain frugality were interpreted as cruelty and greed. [365 CE]

Event Date: 365 LA

§ A366  Apollinaris, bishop of Laodicea, composes manifold writings of our religion.
An earthquake having occurred throughout the whole world, the shore is invaded by the sea, and falling debris in innumerable cities of Sicily and of many islands, crushed the people. [366 CE]

Event Date: 366 LA

§ A367  Procopius, who had usurped power at Constantinople, died nearby in Phrygia and most of the Procopian party was slaughtered and proscribed.
Damasus is ordained
35th bishop of the Roman Church, and after a not very long interval Ursinus, is appointed bishop by some people, and with his partisans invaded (the church of) Sicininum, in which, coming together with some people from the supporters of Damasus, very cruel slaughters were committed by both sexes.
Valens, baptised by Eudoxius, bishop of the Arians, persecutes us.
Gratian, the son of Valentinian, made emperor at Amiens. [367 CE]

Event Date: 367 LA

§ A368  Such a great tempest arose at Constantinople that, hail of a wonderful size falling, it killed some men.
Among the Atrabates wool mixed with rain descended from the sky.
Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, dies.
Nicea, which had often before been shaken, was utterly destroyed by an earthquake. [368 CE]

Event Date: 368 LA

§ A369  The rhetor Libanius of Antioch is considered notable.
287th Olympiad; The games restored at Constantinople by Valens. [369 CE]

Event Date: 369 LA

§ A370  Athanaric, king of the Goths, after a persecution had been stirred up against the Christians, kills or expels very many from their own homes in to Roman soil.
Eusebius, bishop of Vercelli, dies.
The Church of the Holy Apostles is dedicated in Constantinople. [370 CE]

Event Date: 370 LA

§ A371  Great famine in Phrygia.
Lucifer Bishop of Cagliari dies, who like Gregory, bishop of the Spanish provinces, and Philo of Libya never involved himself with the Arian depravity.
Maximinus the prefect of the Annona, having been ordered by the emperor to investigate wrongdoers, slew many of the nobles of Rome. [371 CE]

Event Date: 371 LA

§ A372  Valentinus crushed in Britain, of which he had before taken possession as a usurper.
A presbyter of Sirmium is very unjustly beheaded because he refused to betray Octavianus that was hiding at his house from the proconsul.
Didymus the Alexandrian writes many commentaries about our dogma using secretaries. He had been deprived of his sight after the 5th year of his life and was actually ignorant of first principles of writing. [372 CE]

Event Date: 372 LA