Epidamnos (Illyria) 257 Durres - Επίδαμνος
Ἐπίδαμνος - Epidamnos, later Dyrrachium, an Archaic to Late Antique polis, modern Durres in Illyria, Albania
Place ID: 413194PEpi
Time period: ACHRL
Search for inscriptions mentioning Epidamnos (Επιδαμ...) in the PHI Epigraphy database.
Inscriptions offer evidence on the following monuments: an aqueduct constructed by Hadrian and restored by Alexander Severus (the inscription comes from Arapaj, a short distance from Durazzo: CIL III, 1-709); the Temple of Minerva; the Temple of Diana (CIL III, 1-602), which is perhaps the one mentioned by Appian (BCiv. 2.60); the equestrian statue of L. Titinius Sulpicianus (CIL III, 1-605); the library (CIL m, 1-67). The last inscription mentions that for the dedication of the library 24 gladiators fought in pairs. The conjecture that there was an amphitheater in the city is confirmed by a passage from the Vita di Skanderbeg by Marino Barlezio: amphitheatrum mira arte ingenioque constructum.
As a result of occasional discoveries, the following data are available: a 3d c. mosaic pavement with the representation of a female head found at a depth of 5 m (the head, surrounded by garlands of vegetables and flowers, brings to mind those painted on Apulian vases); remains of houses covered by other layers, the lowest of which, of the Greek era, was found at a depth of 5 m.
Columns with Corinthian capitals and marble facing, discovered on the nearby hillside at Stani, belong probably to the Temple of Minerva or to the Capitolium. The necropolis is E of the hills that stand above the city. The Stele of Lepidia Salvia, a sarcophagus (now at Istanbul) with a scene of the Caledonian boar hunt, and numerous Roman tombs were found in the necropolis. (P. C. SESTIERI)
Wikidata ID: Q3567546
Trismegistos Geo: 606
Info: Princeton Encyclopedia
(Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, from Perseus Project)