Satala (Pontus) 18 Sadak - Σάταλα

Σάταλα - Satala, Roman legionary fortress and town, Sadak, Turkey
Hits: 18
Works: 8
Latitude: 40.027700
Longitude: 39.597900
Confidence: Medium

Greek name: Σάταλα
Place ID: 396400USat
Time period: RL
Region: Pontus
Country: Turkey
Department: Gümüşhane
Mod: Sadak

- Pleiades
- DARE

Modern Description: [New excavations in the fortress beginning summer 2018] The site came into prominence when the Legio XV Apollinaris was placed there, probably by Trajan, to control the N sector of the E limes between the Euphrates and Trabzon (Trapezos). The legion was still there in the 4th c. A.D. (Not. Dig. or. 38.13). The city growing out of the civil settlement connected with the legionary camp is thought to have been founded in the 2d or 3d c. A.D. but the first evidence of it is provided by Basil in A.D. 372 (Ep. 102). From Theodosius (Nov. v.3, A.D. 441) it can be inferred that the territory was very extensive, reaching to the Euphrates and the border with Greater Armenia. In A.D. 530 the Persians were defeated before the walls of Satala (Procop. Bell. Pers. 1.15) and it was subsequently refortified by Justinian.
'It lies in a low lying plain and is dominated by many hills which tower around it'; (Procop., De aed. 3.4). The massive roughly rectangular walls partly survive and surround the village of Sadak on the sloping floor of the Sadak cay valley, tributary of the Kelkit (Lycus) river. Within the walls only insignificant ruins stand out. The interior level stands high above the plain, squared stones abound and occasional inscriptions can be seen. To the S stand the meager remains of an aqueduct. On the hill to the W are traces of perhaps an earlier auxiliary fort. (R. P. HARPER)
Wikidata ID: Q2211116

Info: Princeton Encyclopedia

(Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, from Perseus Project)


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Author, Title Text Type Date Full Category Language

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