Pitane (Aiolis) 45 Çandarlı - Πιτάνη
Πιτάνη - Pitane, Archaic to Late Antique polis in Aiolis, modern Çandarlı, Izmir, Turkey
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in the PHI Epigraphy database
A cist-grave cemetery with Late Bronze Age finds of local character (Mycenaean stirrup jar with wonderful decoration of a seabed, 1200-1100 BC).
The settlement was founded in the 11th century BC by the first Aeolian colonists from Lesbos. It flourished during the Archaic period (7th-6th century BC) as well as in Hellenistic times (3rd century BC), as a harbour of the kingdom of Pergamon.
Few traces of its defensive walls can be seen today on the W coast of the Çandarlı peninsula. The site of the theatre and the stadium as well as sections of an ancient mole now in the water, which belonged to one of the city' s two harbours, have also survived. The shore is surveyed by a 13th-century Venetian castle. Particularly important finds have been recovered from the Archaic cemetery (625-500 BC) and are housed in the museums in Istanbul, Smyrna and Bergama.
Info: Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean
(Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean, Ministry of the Aegean)