Thermopylae (Phthiotis) 367 Thermopylai - Θερμοπύλαι

Θερμοπύλαι - Thermopylae, a fortified coastal pass with hot springs, Thermopylai in Phthiotida Central Greece
Hits: 367
Works: 91
Latitude: 38.795000
Longitude: 22.536000
Confidence: Medium

Greek name: Θερμοπύλαι
Place ID: 388225FThe
Time period: CHR
Region: Central Greece
Country: Greece
Department: Fthiotida
Mod: Thermopylai

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Search for inscriptions mentioning Thermopylae (Θερμοπυλ...) in the PHI Epigraphy database.

Modern Description: The defile owes its name to the hot therapeutic springs there and to its strategic position on the route from the North to Central and Southern Greece. It was the headquarters of the Pylaean Amphictyony that is the religious and political centre of the Greeks living around the Maliac gulf. It was here that the battle of Thermopylae was fought between the Greeks led by the Spartan king Leonidas and the Persians (480 BC). Parts of the fortifications and defensive works have come to light in the area, as well as dispersed graves of various periods. Ruins of a stoa and a stadium have been excavated 2.5 km W of Kolonos hill. The sanctuary of Demeter Amphictyonis at ancient Anthele was renowned in antiquity. There is evidence of sulphurous baths with bathtubs, which were renovated by Herodes Atticus, and an altar to Herakles.
The ancient fortifications were repaired by Justinian I (6th century).
Wikidata ID: Q194450

Info: Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean

(Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean, Ministry of the Aegean)

Author, Title Text Type Date Full Category Language
Author, Title Text Type Date Full Category Language

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