Old Smyrna (Aiolis) 42 Bayrakli - Σμύρνη

Σμύρνη - Old Smyrna, Archaic to Classical polis at Bayrakli in Aiolis (Aegean Turkey)
polis

Modern description Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean

An installation of the mid-3rd millennium BC at the NE edge of the gulf of Smyrna, present Bayrakli. It belongs in the cultural sphere of the early settlement phases at Troy. The settlement of the 2nd millennium BC has close relations with the Hittites.
Brick houses of the 10th to the 6th century BC have been located on the same site. It had a monumental defensive wall already in the mid-9th century BC, which was renovated in the 8th and 7th centuries BC. A Protoionic temple of Athena, of the late 6th century BC, from which several column capitals and bases have survived. The city was destroyed in 600 BC by King Alyattes of Lydia. The temple was renovated in 580 BC but the city was razed to the ground by the Persians in 546 BC.
Finds in the İzmır Archaeological Museum.

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