Chalkis (Euboea) 434 Chalkida - Χάλκις
Χάλκις - Chalkis, important polis, whose Classical core lies under the new general hospital of Chalkida in Euboia Central Greece
Place ID: 385236PCha
Time period: ACHRL
Region: Central Greece
- IDAI gazetteer ID
Read summary reports on the recent excavations at Chalkis in Chronique des fouilles en ligne – Archaeology in Greece Online.
Search for inscriptions mentioning Chalkis (Χαλκ...) in the PHI Epigraphy database.
The city was taken in 338 BC by Philip of Macedon, who settled a garrison on the mainland side of the Euripus. In the 2nd century BC it was largely under Roman control, and was attacked punitively in 146 BC (in the same year that Corinth was also razed by the Romans) for disloyalty during the struggle between Rome and the Achaean Confederacy.
In the 6th century AD, the Emperor Justinian had an innovative, movable bridge constructed on the Euripus so as to increase the ease of passage for commerce. The city appears to have maintained a discreet commercial importance throughout the Byzantine period, with the production and trade of silk becoming a new and increasinlgy important element of its economy. In 1210 Chalcis was seized by the Venetians, who fortified it with walls and made it the capital of their kingdom of Negroponte. With considerable expense of military force the Turkish forces of Mehmet the Conqueror took the city in 1470, built their castle of Karababa over the Venetian fort, and as Egriboz became the headquarters of the Kaptan Paşa. The Venetian admiral and doge, Francesco Morosini, tried to regain the city in 1688 but had to call off his siege after four thousand of his troops had died of malaria. The city was only freed of Turkish control in 1833 when the whole island of Euboea became part of the independent Greek state.
Chronique des Fouilles link
Wikidata ID: Q21235810
Trismegistos Geo: 494
Info: McGilchrist's Greek Islands
(From McGilchrist’s Greek Islands, © Nigel McGilchrist 2010, excerpted with his gracious permission. Click for the books)