Chaironea (Boeotia) 204 Kapraina - Χαιρώνεα

Χαιρώνεα - Chaironea, Archaic to Late Antique polis near Kapraina in Viotia Central Greece
Hits: 204
Works: 70
Latitude: 38.494400
Longitude: 22.841600
Confidence: High

Greek name: Χαιρώνεα
Place ID: 385228PCha
Time period: ACHRL
Region: Central Greece
Country: Greece
Department: Viotia
Mod: Kapraina

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Read summary reports on the recent excavations at Chaironea in Chronique des fouilles en ligne – Archaeology in Greece Online.
Search for inscriptions mentioning Chaironea (Χαιρων...) in the PHI Epigraphy database.

Modern Description: The area was first settled in the Prehistoric Period (site 'Magoula Balomenou'). It was subject to Orchomenos up to the end of the 5th century B.C.: it then formed one of the 11 Boeotian districts until 338 B.C. In te Roman era it was granted status of freedom.
The grave of the Thebans was excavated in 1879 and the Magoula Balomenou in 1902-4 by G.Soteriadis.
The most important monuments are:
- The Lion of Chaironeia, marble funerary monument (5,5 m. high) which marked the communal grave of the Sacred Band of Thebans that was crushed (338 B.C.) in the battle with Philip B/ of Macedonia. It was discovered in 1818 in pieces and was restored on a plinth 3 m. high.
- Ancient theater, curved at the rock.
- The Acropolis with fortification walls of the hellenistic period and ancient theatre with its cavea hewn in the rock.
The finds from the excavations at Chaironeia are exhibited in the local museum.
Wikidata ID: Q13574678
Trismegistos Geo: 33344
Manto: 10276460

Info: Odysseus

(Odysseus, Greek Ministry of Culture)

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Author, Title Text Type Date Full Category Language

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