Founded by Alexander the Great in the foothills of Mount Pagos. Well preserved is the Roman agora with a rectangular court surrounded by two-storeyed, three-aisled stoas, the N of which, known as 'royal', functioned as a law court. In the court was an altar to Zeus, from which come monumental reliefs with figures of gods now in the İzmır Archaeological Museum. At the harbour, a granary from the reign of Hadrian.
An Early Christian building phase in the defensive wall on Pagos. Remains of a defensive wall from the time of Arcadius (5th century), close to Basmane Station. In the area of the Roman agora, ruins of an Early Christian three-aisled basilica, from which marble architectural members and sculptures (column capitals, fragments of closure panels etc.) have survived. On the same site, remains of a water conduit of the 5th or 6th century.
Finds from Ancient Smyrna, Smyrna, Phocaea, Pitane (Çandarli) and elsewhere are housed in the İzmır Archaeological Museum.
Info: Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean
(Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean, Ministry of the Aegean)