Klazomenai (Ionia) 123 Urla - Κλαζομεναί
Κλαζομεναί - Klazomenai, Archaic polis near Urla in Ionia (Aegean Turkey), Turkey
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At the site of Liman Tepe, on the SW edge of the gulf of Smyrna, a settlement of Asia Minor character developed in the Chalcolithic period (4th millennium BC). Remains of dwellings and fortification of the Early and Middle Bronze Age (3200-1600 BC). Important finds of Aegean character. Graves of the Early Mycenaean period (15th century BC), with pottery imported from mainland Greece.
The historical city was located on the site of the present town of Urla Iskele and the islet of Aghios Yannis. It was found by Colophon on the mainland and transferred to the island because of fear of the Persians. Clazomenae was the homeland of the philosopher Anaxagoras. In the 6th century BC it produced the famous painted clay sarcophagi, nowadays in various museums, including that in İzmır. On the island of Aghios Yannis are remains of a theatre, a paved street and a temple, while harbour installations and wells have been located at Skala (Iskele).
At Gülbahçe, E of Clazomenae, ruins of a large Early Christian complex that included a three-aisled basilica with baptistery and other additional buildings (6th century). Mosaic floors (that in the narthex bears an inscription) and remains of opus sectile.
Info: Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean
(Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean, Ministry of the Aegean)