Chios polis (Chios) 572 Khios - Χίος

Χῖος - Chios, important Archaic to Roman polis at Chios town on the island of Chios in the eastern Aegean
Hits: 572
Works: 150
Latitude: 38.376400
Longitude: 26.134200
Confidence: High

Greek name: Χῖος
Place ID: 384261PChi
Time period: ACHR
Region: North Aegean
Country: Greece
Department: Chios
Mod: Khios

- Travelogues
- Pleiades
- IDAI gazetteer ID

Read summary reports on the recent excavations at Chios in Chronique des fouilles en ligne – Archaeology in Greece Online.
Search for inscriptions mentioning Chios (Χιος...) in the PHI Epigraphy database.

Modern Description: The setting of the city of Chios, between the island's eastern shore and the limestone rockfaces of the mountains that rise steeply to between 700 and 800m behind, is dramatic – and must have been particularly beautiful in Antiquity. The wide, semicircular port looked straight into the heartland of Asia Minor, 5 nautical miles away, across a mostly tranquil stretch of sea. The western hills provided ample fresh water in springs which are still used today (e.g at Panaghia Voïthias), while the lower hills to north and south supplied the city with the building materials it needed – the beautiful pink and blue-grey, decorative marble, Marmor Chium, known later as ‘Portasanta', which came from the hill-top quarries just to the northwest of the city-centre at ‘Latomi', and the orange and red, ‘poros' limestones from near Thymianá to the south of the city. Chios must have been one of the few cities in the Ancient world whose walls were of coloured stone. Pliny relates how Cicero was shown this with pride by the people of Chios, but that their distinguished visitor remained stoically unimpressed (Nat. Hist., XXXVI, 5. 46). The city's ‘garden' – the fertile, well-watered plain, still referred to today as ‘Kampos' (‘meadow') – extended immediately to the south along the coast; indeed the whole southeast corner of the island was a gentle landscape of well-watered valleys, ideal for the cultivation of olives and vines which produced some of the most renowned wines of the Ancient Greek world.
Chronique des Fouilles link
Wikidata ID: Q748832

Info: McGilchrist's Greek Islands

(From McGilchrist’s Greek Islands, © Nigel McGilchrist 2010, excerpted with his gracious permission. Click for the books)

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