A Mycenaean chamber-tomb cemetery (14th-12th century BC) at Müskebi (present Ortakent), with many important finds characteristic of the expansion of the Mycenaean element in the Asia Minor littoral.
Port of Caria, originally a Dorian colony that participated in the Dorian hexapolis in the 7th century BC. Later inhabited by Ionians and Carians. Home of the father of history, Herodotus. In 367 BC Mausolos, satrap of Caria, transferred his capital from Mylasa to Halicarnassus and built the city anew, as well as effecting a synoecism of the surrounding settlements.
The city's most important monument was Mausolos' tomb (360-350 BC), the famous Mausoleum, one of the wonders of the ancient world. Today only the foundations and the underground burial chamber have survived. Parts of the upper structure and its sculpted decoration (statues, relief friezes), that had been incorporated in the walls of the Medieval castle of Saint Peter, built by the Knights of Saint John on the Zephyrion peninsula, were removed and transported to the British Museum. A section of the frieze of the Amazonomachy is housed in the local museum.
Fragments of the city's defensive wall and the W gate towards Myndus (Gümüslük), part of the theatre (4th-3rd century BC), a few remains of foundations of the Ares temple, a stoa with 30 columns, perhaps part of the Philippeion gymnasium, have been uncovered. In earlier times the sanctuary of Demeter and a Roman villa were visible.
Building remains of the 5th century AD on the W side of the city.
Info: Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean
(Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean, Ministry of the Aegean)