Kheimarrou tower (Naxos) Pyrgos Kheimarrou

Kheimarrou, Hellenistic fortification and tower in southeastern Naxos, Cyclades
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Latitude: 36.995800
Longitude: 25.519900
Confidence: High

Place ID: 370255FPyr
Time period: HR
Region: Cyclades
Country: Greece
Department: Naxos
Mod: Pyrgos Kheimarrou

- Pleiades
- IDAI gazetteer ID

Modern Description: After crossing a panoramic watershed, the Hellenistic *Tower of Heimaros (33.5km), standing to a height of over 15m, appears on a low ridge with sweeping views both to east and south. The impressive circular tower is comparable in its good state of preservation with the Hellenistic towers at Aghios Petros on Andros and at Drakanon on Ikaria. The courses of rectangular masonry, shaped perfectly to the curve of the building, are thinner and finer here than at either of the other two towers: they would suggest a date of the late 4th century BC. To the right of the door as you enter, an area of masonry is missing, and shows how the tower was constructed with both an inner and outer shell. The upper wooden floors were reached by a spiral, stone staircase. The tower was the centre of a large complex of agricultural buildings of the same (Hellenistic) period, as is shown by the extensive ruins to its west and southeast: querns, oilpress stones, sedimentation, filtration and settling tanks, etc. can all be seen, pointing to an installation of impressive scale. There are over a dozen separate chambers dedicated to different agricultural functions. Two early Byzantine churches, on the foundations of an Early Christian basilica, have been built into a corner of the enceinte to the east of the tower. The north church, dedicated to the Zoodochos Pigi, has fragments of an Early Christian templon screen to the right of its altar, bearing the words: ΦΩΣ—ΖΟΗ, ‘Light, Life'. In the exterior of its west wall, a shaped block from the tower has been incorporated, and bears the ancient mason's marks in its top right corner: ‘Γ Σ Μ'.
Wikidata ID: Q38280614

Info: McGilchrist's Greek Islands

(From McGilchrist’s Greek Islands, © Nigel McGilchrist 2010, excerpted with his gracious permission. Click for the books)

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