Istros (Kos) Giali - Ίστρος

Ἴστρος - Istros, island, the modern Giali, Dodecanese Greece
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Latitude: 36.663000
Longitude: 27.118000
Confidence: High

Greek name: Ἴστρος
Place ID: 368273IIst
Time period:
Region: Dodecanese
Country: Greece
Department: Kos
Mod: Giali

- Pleiades
- IDAI gazetteer ID

Search for inscriptions mentioning Istros (Ιστρ...) in the PHI Epigraphy database.

Modern Description: Gialí is the largest of the satellite islands of Nisyros, and one of the most productive quarries of pumice in the world. Recent excavations on the island have brought to light remains of many houses from the period of Ottoman occupation—evidence of an intensive pre-industrial exploitation of the material. Gialí also has perlite deposits in the north of the island and obsidian in the northwest corner. The obsidian from Gialí is distinguishable by its slightly spotted appearance as opposed to the darker, purer variety from Milos. The presence of these materials has meant that the island has been inhabited since earliest times: a significant Late Neolithic settlement, with dwellings (including a building of elliptical plan) and workshops, has been uncovered near the summit of the southwest part of the island: crucibles for smelting copper have also been found. There is less visible evidence of a Bronze Age presence even though it is clear there was a Minoan interest in the island's obsidian. The reported remains of an Hellenistic ‘nymphaeum' is congruent with the fact that the island surprisingly possesses many freshwater wells. Pliny refers to the island as ‘Cisirusa'; but it also bears the mediaeval name ‘Istros', and is called ‘Verialís' in the 17th century, from which comes its modern name ‘Gialí(s)'. The island's resident population of 30 is supported wholly by its extraction industry. The west of the island is covered in a scrub of pine, arbutus and some olive; the southern peninsula boasts several of the best beaches to be found in this group of islands. These are visitable by excursion boat from Mandráki in the summer season.
Wikidata ID: Q966918

Info: McGilchrist's Greek Islands

(From McGilchrist’s Greek Islands, © Nigel McGilchrist 2010, excerpted with his gracious permission. Click for the books)

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