Phalanna (Crete) 5 Onithi - Φαλάννα

Φαλάννα - Phalanna, traces of an Archaic to Hellenistic polis and Late Antique basilica near Onithi in Rethymno Crete
Hits: 5
Works: 3
Latitude: 35.274500
Longitude: 24.501700
Confidence: Low

Greek name: Φαλάννα
Place ID: 353245PPha
Time period: ACH
Region: Crete
Country: Greece
Department: Rethymnis
Mod: Onithi

- Pleiades

Search for inscriptions mentioning Phalanna (Φαλαν...) in the PHI Epigraphy database.

Modern Description: The chief city of the Perrhaibians in the region. Phalanna flourished in the 5th and 4th c., replacing Olosson in importance by 400 B.C.; although later outstripped by Gonnos, it was still useful to Perseus as a camp site in 171 B.C. Inscriptions indicate that the city records were kept in the Temple of Athena Polias, although the city decrees were dated by the tenures of the priests of Asklepios. There was also a theater and a Sanctuary of Hades and Persephone. The site, misleadingly described by Strabo as near Tempe, has not been certainly identified, but lay between Orthe and Gonnos in a position to control the roads from the N and the rich fields to the S. Although Karatsoli and Gritzova have been proposed, Phalanna was probably on the flat hill called Kastri 3 km E of modern Tyrnavos; there are building blocks scattered in the area, but no city walls. (M. H. MCALLISThR)

Info: Princeton Encyclopedia

(Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, from Perseus Project)

Author, Title Text Type Date Full Category Language
Author, Title Text Type Date Full Category Language

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