Title: Stadiasmus of the Great Sea || Author: Anonymous || Category: geography || Date: 200
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Anonymous Stadiasmus of the Great Sea

Anonymous, Stadiasmus of the Great Sea, translated into English from the Muller edition of 1855 (Geographi Graeci Minores), by Brady Kiesling with Leif Isaksen, 2014. Freely available for any reasonable scholarly purpose, with acknowledgment of the source. Note that this work, itself a crudely written compilation of data from multiple anonymous authors of various periods, survives in a highly imperfect single manuscript, and Muller's emendations, particularly of distances (usually but not always in {brackets}), have not been corrected against Google Earth and modern topographical research. Nor has a qualified editor scrutinized this translation for consistency or accuracy. Please use with caution. Note that 'harbor' is our rendering of the Greek ?????; 'anchorage' ?????; 'small anchorage' ???????; 'open roadstead' ?????; 'small open roadstead' ????????; 'promontory' ??????????; 'cape' ????; 'lookout' ????????; 'town' ????; and 'village' ??????. This text has 580 tagged references to 243 ancient places.


§ 0.2  
Anonymous Stadiasmus Maris Magni or Periplus of the Great Sea.
Having demonstrated these things, it seemed right to me, admiring your love of learning and excellence, most honored brother, to set forth for you as accurately as possible the stadiasmos (count of stades) or periplous (circumnavigation) of the Great Sea so that you will be adept at these things by reading it. Beginning from the Pharos (lighthouse) of Alexandreia, [I will narrate the Libyan coast up to the pillars of Hercules, then Asia, again beginning from the Pharos of Alexandreia ] up to the Dioskuris in the Pontos, and then Europe from Hieron by Chalkedon until the Pillars of Hercules and Gades, wishing to benefit all people. I will reveal the transverses from Asia to Europe, I will write about the distances between the islands, how many they are and how they appear when sailing and how big they are and what winds are used and show you truly what the voyage is.

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§ 1  Stadiasmos of the Sea
From Alexandreia to Chersonesos, a harbor, 2 stades.

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§ 2  From Chersonesos to Dysmai — a harbor for merchant ships not exceeding a thousand units of cargo, 7 [stades] {70}.

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§ 3  From Dysmai to Plinthine — an open roadstead, harborless, 90 stades.

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§ 4  From Plinthine to Taposiris — the city is harborless, with a sanctuary of Osiris, 7 stades {90}.

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§ 5  From Taposiris to Chimo, a town, with rocky shoals visible, 7 stades {90}.

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§ 6  From Chimo to Glaukos is 80 stades.

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§ 7  From Glaukos to Antiphrai, with an open roadstead, 80 stades.

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§ 8  From Antiphrai to Derrha, a small summer anchorage, and it has water, 7 stades {90}.

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§ 9  From Derrha to Zephyrion, a harbor, and it has an open roadstead, 400 stades {170}.

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§ 10  From Zephyrion to Pezone Pedone), 110 stades. At … stades, there is a lookout point (scopelos) called Myrmex (Ant), also a promontory called Tracheia.

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§ 11  From Pezone to Pnigeis is 7 stades {90}, a low-lying promontory; you enter on the right into a flat reef.

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§ 12  From Pnigeis to Phoinikous 140 stades, the islands are the Didyma (twins); the small anchorage under them has depth for merchant ships; a cistern in the gorge has water.

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§ 13  From Phoinikous to Hermaia is 7 stades {90}; come to anchor keeping the cape on your right; it has water at the tower.

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§ 14  From Hermaia to Leuke Akte (White Shore) 20 stades. A low island lies off it, 2 stades from land. It is a small anchorage for cargo ships, with winds from the west. On the land below the promontory there is a long anchorage for all kinds of ships; a sanctuary of Apollo, with a notable oracle; there is water by the temple.

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§ 15  From Leuke Akte to Zygris 7 stades {90}, an islet; keep it on the left as you anchor; there is water in the sand.

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§ 16  From Zygris to Ladamanteia 20 stades, with a sizeable island offshore; keep it on the right as you put in. Harbor for all winds; it has water.

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§ 17  From Ladamanteia to Kalamaios 40 stades, a promontory with a lookout, with an anchorage to the right.

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§ 18  From Kalamaios to Graias Gony (Old Woman's Knee), 9 stades {70}, a rough cape with a lookout on the heights; on the shore there is a tree. It is an anchorage and has water under the tree; beware of the south wind.

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§ 19  From Old Woman's Knee to Artos 120 stades, a rough promontory with no anchorage, and at the promontory there are two bulls [horns?] extending as islands into the sea. Rounding this you see the city of Paraitonion. All in all there are 1550 stades from Alexandreia to Paraitonion.

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§ 20  From Paraitonion to the Delphines and Zephyrium 7 stades {90}, two islands and a cape. It is a harbor for all winds, and has water.

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§ 21  From Zephyrium and the Delphines to Apis, 30 stades, a town; you sail 20 stades to an anchorage. There is water in the town.

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§ 22  From Apis to Nesi 7 stades {90}.

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§ 23  From Nesi to Selenis 70 stades, a cape with a small anchorage; it has shoals on the right; when you see the shoal, put in.

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§ 24  From Selenis to Azy 8 stades {50}.

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§ 25  From Asy to Tyndarei 120 stades, lookout rocks (skopeloi); under them there is anchorage for cargo ships.

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§ 26  From the lookouts to Chautaion 140 stades, an anchorage for small ships. It has spring water gushing out into the fields.

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§ 27  From Chautaion to Zygrai 140 stades.

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§ 28  From Zygrai to Ennesyphora 200 stades {210}, a small summer anchorage. It has water in the sand, and a lookout on the sea.

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§ 29  From Ennesyphora to Katabathmos 120 stades {250}, a high village; it is a harbor from all winds; it has water in the first valley toward the south, and rain water in the fort.

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§ 30  From Katabathmos to Petras 150 stades. Sailing along another 30 stades you will see next to you a high, large cape; and on the other side you will see an open roadstead and a big lake. On the left side there is an artificial anchorage, it has water under the fig tree, and because of this, the place is called Syke.

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§ 31  From Syke to Panormos 30 stades. It is a deep hollow; under the fig trees there is very good water.

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§ 32  From Panormos to Eureia 150 stades {50}. There is a gorge and a beach with fig trees on it. There is a good roadstead; it has fresh water.

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§ 33  From Eureia to Petras [40 stades]; it has much water in both parts. All in all, from Alexandreia to Petras is 1006 stades {2890}.

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§ 34  From Petras to Kardamis 150 stades; it is an anchorage. Where the cape ends there are lookouts. Anchor at it with the winds from above. It has water on the mainland.

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§ 35  From Kardamis to Menelaos 100 stades; it is a harbor; it has brackish water in the sand.

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§ 36  From Menelaos to Katanei? stades. Upon coming near you will see the white beach. There is brackish water in the sand.

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§ 37  From Kataneis to Kyrthanion 150 stades; sail 8 stades away since there are high shoals; there is water.

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§ 38  From Kyrthanion to Antipyrgos 220 stades; it is a summer anchorage. It is an island, with a tower; a sanctuary of Ammon; it has water on the opposite beach.

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§ 39  [From Antipyrgos to Small Petras? stades {380}.]

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§ 40  From Small Petras to Batrachos 30 stades. It is a summer anchorage; there is a cape with lookouts. It has much water in the valley.

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§ 41  From Batrachos to Platea 250 stades {150}. Out to sea 30 stades lies an island called Sidonia; it has a summer anchorage for cargo ships; it has water on the landward side in the tower.

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§ 42  From Platea to Paliouros? stades; it has brackish water.

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§ 43  From Paliuros to Phaia 90 stades; it has water collected, 15 stades away.

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§ 44  From Phaia to Dionysos 90 stades; from there put to shore on the left.

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§ 45  From Dionysos to Chersonesos 90 stades.

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§ 46  From Chersonesos to Azaris 100 stades; from there sail past at high tide; the rocks are high. It has water and a large river.

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§ 47  Sailing past the coast of Azaris to Darne 150 stades.

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§ 48  From Darne to Zephyrium 150 stades {50}, a forested cape; it is a small summer anchorage.

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§ 49  From Zephyrium to Chersis 70 stades; midway between Zephyrium and Chersis, 10 stades from the shore, is the anchorage called Aphrodisias; there is a sanctuary of Aphrodite.

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§ 50  From Chersis to Erythron 90 stades, a town.

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§ 51  From Erythron to Naustathmos 70 stades; there is a long open roadstead; it has water in the sand.

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§ 52  From Naustathmos to Apollonia 120 stades; all in all from Paraitonion to Apollonia 3550 stades.

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§ 53  Cyrene follows
From Apollonia to Phykous 100 stades {160}, a town. Anchor beneath it with a west wind. It is a summer roadstead, with water.

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§ 54  From Phykous to Nausis (Ausigda) 190 stades, a town; it has water on the beach.

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§ 55  From Nausis to Ptolemais 250 stades; it is a very large city; the anchorage is rough, and it has an island called Ilos; take care.

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§ 56  From Ptolemais to Teuchira 250 stades {200}. It is an ancient city of the Pentapolis. It is called Arsinoe.

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§ 57  From Teuchira to Bernikide (Berenike?) 350 stades. The sailing voyage turns. After sailing 90 stades {6} you see a promontory stretching out toward the west. Shoals lie on the surface beside it; keep watch as you sail past. You will see a low, dark island. The promontory is called Shallows (Brachea), on the left is an anchorage for small boats. All in all, from Apollonia to Bernikide is 1150 stades.

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§ 58  Syrtis of Cyrenaica follows
From Bernikide to Rineia 60 stades.

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§ 59  From Rini to Pithos 10 stades.

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§ 60  From Pithos to Theotimaion 1 stade; it is a summer anchorage with a deep beach.

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§ 61  From Theotimaion to Halai 710 stades {10}, a beach.

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§ 62  From Halai to Boreion 50 stades; it is a promontory with a small anchorage.

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§ 63  From Boreion to Chersis 140 stades, an anchorage for the Etesian (summer north) winds. It has water near the fort.

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§ 64  Syrtis of Kyrene
From Chersis to Amastor 110 stades.

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§ 65  From Amastor to Herakleon 80 stades.

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§ 66  From Herakleon to Drepanon 7 stades; the promontory of Herakleon is high, with a strand of white sand; it has water.

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§ 67  From Drepanon to the Serapeon 100 stades; running along side you will see a very large white beach, from which if you dig you will have sweet water.

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§ 68  From Serapeon to Diarrhoias 50 stades.

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§ 69  From Diarrhoias to Apis 1 stade; there is a small anchorage.

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§ 70  From Serapeion to Kainon 150 stades, the fort is deserted; it has water and no harbor.

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§ 71  From Kainon to Euschoinos 70 stades; the beach is deep, there is a round hill in the town; it has water.

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§ 72  From Euschoinos to Hyphali 70 stades; it is a small island with a small roadstead; it also has a wide beach.

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§ 73  From Hyphali to Scopelites 80 stades {40}; it is a lookout rock, 15 stades from shore; tall, similar to an elephant.

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§ 74  From the lookout westward 2 stades {20} is a high island, called Pontia.

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§ 75  From Pontia to the south 7 stades {90}, an island called Maia and under it a small anchorage. There is spring water.

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§ 76  From Maia to Astrochonda 50 stades.

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§ 77  From Astrochonda to Krokodilos 80 stades. It is a summer anchorage and there is flowing water.

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§ 78  From Krokodilos to Boreon 84 stades, it is a town, the fort is deserted, the anchorage is good from the west; it has water.

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§ 79  From Boreon to Antidrepanon 20 stades; it is a promontory with water.

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§ 80  From Antidrepanon to Mendrion 50 stades, it has no water.

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§ 81  From Mendrion to Kozynthion 120 stades {20}; a rough cape. The anchorage is good, but waterless.

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§ 82  From Kozynthion to Pegai Ammoniou (Springs of Ammonios) 110 stades, there is a beach.

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§ 83  From Pegai Ammoniou to Automalaka 180 stades.

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§ 84  From Automalaka to the Altars of the Philainoi 185 stades. It is a good summer anchorage, and it has water. Up to this promontory you have the mountains and country of the Kyrenaians. All in all from Berenike up to the Altars of the Philainoi 2000 stades. Greater Syrtis follows

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§ 85  From the Altars of the Philainoi to the cape of Hippo 400 stades. It is a rugged promontory; it has a small anchorage and water.

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§ 86  From Hippo cape to Eperos 350 stades; there is a harbor for small ships. There is water. This is a fort of the barbarians.

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§ 87  From Eperos to Korax (Charax?) 150 stades.

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§ 88  From Korax to Euphrantai 200 stades {290}, it is a harbor, with water.

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§ 89  From Euphrantai to Dysopos 150 stades.

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§ 90  From Dysopos to Aspis 350 stades.

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§ 91  From Aspis to Taricheia 350 stades.

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§ 92  From Taricheia to Kephalai 400 stades [a promontory].

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§ 93  [From Kephalai to Neapolis {550}] Sailing from the open sea you see a low-lying country with islands, approaching which you see the seaside city and a white strand and beach; the city is all white. It has no harbor. Anchor safely at the Hermaion. It is called Leptis. All in all from from the Altars of Philaina to Leptis Magna is 4200 stades {3090}.

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§ 94  From Leptis to Hermaion 5 stades {15}, an anchorage for small ships.

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§ 95  From Hermaion to Gaphara 300 stades {200}. It is a cape with anchorages on both sides; it has water. It is called Aineospora, for it is like an island.

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§ 96  From Gaphara to Amaraia 40 stades. It is a tower [and] small anchorage. It has river water. There are tilled lands near the river, which is called Oinoladon.

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§ 97  From Amaraia to Megerthis 40 stades {140}. It is a city with a harbor and water.

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§ 98  From Megerthis to Makaraia 400 stades {250}.

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§ 99  From Makaraia to Sabratha 400 stades; it is a city without a harbor. It has an open roadstead. Syrtis Minor follows

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§ 100  From Sabratha to Lokri 300 stades; it is a town, with a tall tower above it.

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§ 101  From Lokri to Zeucharis 300 stades, a fort with a tower; below the tower a notable harbor.

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§ 102  From Zeucharis to Gergis 350 stades. It is a tower and has a fort, harbor, and water.

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§ 103  From Gergis to Meninx (membrane) 150 stades, a city on an island. The island lies 8 stades offshore. It has a number of cities and this one is the metropolis. This is the island of the Lotus eaters. On it there is an altar to Hercules, called the greatest. There is a harbor with water. All in all, from Leptis to Meninx is 2300 stades.

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§ 104  From Meninx to [Gichthis on] the mainland 200 stades. It is a city with a good harbor and water.

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§ 105  From Gergis [Gichthis] to Kidiphtha 180 stades; it is a city with a harbor.

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§ 106  [From Kidiphtha to Takape {200 stades}.]

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§ 107  From Takape to Neapolis 100 stades {400}; it is a city with a harbor.

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§ 108  [From Neapolis to Thena stades {220}.]

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§ 109  [From Thena to Acholla stades {500}.]

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§ 110  From Acholla to Alipota 120 stades.

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§ 111  [From Alipota to Thapsos stades {120}.]

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§ 112  These are cities with harbors; but because of the shoals lying off them moderate sized boats sail there. The island Kerkina lies offshore from Acholla and Alipota and Kidiphtha, 120 stades away. From the Lotus eaters, Meninx, to the island Kerkina is a passage of 750 stades. From Thena to Kerkina. By the city are shoals stretching toward the city. From Kerkina to Thapsos is 700 stades. It has a beautiful island on the open sea lying off Thapsos toward the north, about 80 stades distant. It has a harbor and water. These islands enclose the Icarian [Kerkinaian] Sea. Punica follows

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§ 113  From Thapsos to Leptis Minor 170 stades; it is a small city; it has conspicuous shoals, and putting in at the city is very difficult.

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§ 114  From Leptis to Thermai 60 stades; it is a town, and here in the same way the shoals make putting in difficult.

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§ 115  From Thermai sailing 40 stades you see the promontory against which are two islands staked out with pilings; there is an anchorage.

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§ 116  From this promontory you see the city Adramyte 40 stades away, harborless.

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§ 117  From Adramyte to Aspis 500 stades. It is a high and conspicuous promontory, as if a shield. From there sail north so that it (the promontory) appears on the left for there are many shoals and rocks in this sea. And then Aspis and upon it Neapolis will appear to you. From the bay of Neapolis to Aspis 200 stades. It is a high place and the city is on it. It has a harbor toward the west 10 stades beyond the city.

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§ 118  From Aspis [to Hermaion cape stades {200}.]

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§ 119  [From Hermaion cape to Misua harbor stades {120}.]

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§ 120  [From Misua harbor] to Therma 60 stades; it is a town and there are hot springs above.

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§ 121  From Therma to Karpe 160 stades; it is a city with a harbor.

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§ 122  From Karpe to Maxyla 20 stades; it is a city with a harbor.

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§ 123  From Maxyla to Galabras 50 stades; it is an anchorage as far as the sands extend.

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§ 124  From Galabras to Carthage 120 stades; it is a great city with a harbor, in the city there is a tower; anchor on the right beneath the mole. All in all from from Meninx the island of the Lotophagi to Carthage is 550 stades {3550}.

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§ 125  From Carthage to Castra Cornelii 303 stades; the harbor is for over-wintering; large ships pass the winter in it.

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§ 126  From Castra Cornelii to Utika 24 stades, a city; it has no harbor but an open roadstead. Take precautions.

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§ 127  From Utika ... [text missing from Utika to the Pillars of Hercules and from Alexandreia to Karnai]

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§ 128  [From Arados?] to Karnai 24 stades; it has an open anchorage; there are berths for small ships; put in carefully.

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§ 129  From Karnai to Balanea promontory as it is called, 200 stades. [From Balanea] to village [of Balanea stades {40}.]

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§ 130  From Balanea promontory to Palton promontory 90 stades.

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§ 131  From Palton promontory rounding the Rocky promontory is 10 stades.

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§ 132  From the Balanea cape straight to Palton, 200 stades {70}. The total distance from Ptolemais as you sail by the shore to Palton is 2000 stades. And Koile Syria follows

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§ 133  From Palton to the village of Palteni 30 stades.

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§ 134  From Palteni to the harbor on the seashore, where there is a gorge, 20 stades.

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§ 135  From Palteni to Gabala 30 stades.

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§ 136  From Gabala to the navigable river which is called 40 stades {80}.

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§ 137  From the navigable river to the cape, upon which lies the city Laodikea 200 stades {70}. From that river to Balanea 70 stades {170}. From Balanea to Laodikea cutting straight toward the NE under a south wind, 200 stades.

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§ 138  From Laodikea to Heraklea 20 stades {120}.

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§ 139  Rounding the promontory there is the harbor called Leukos (White), 30 stades.

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§ 140  From White harbor to the town called Pasieria, 30 stades.

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§ 141  From that town to the cape called Polia, 120 stades.

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§ 142  From Heraklea to Posidion, by the short way, 100 stades.

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§ 143  From the cape at Posidion to the city Sidon 300 stades {80}. Above that is a high mountain called Thronos.

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§ 144  From the city of Sidonia to the place bounding Kasion, called Chaladropolis, 60 stades.

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§ 145  From Chaladron to the island called Makra 10 stades.

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§ 146  From Makra island to Nymphaion 50 stades. The whole voyage from Kasion is rugged. Sail past this place keeping 20 stades from land.

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§ 147  From Nymphaion to the city Antiocheia, having an emporion and the river called Orontes alongside, 400 stades. The river is 15 stades away.

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§ 148  From the river to Seleukeia 40 stades. From Posidion taking the short way to Seleukeia by means of the west wind, 110 stades {170}.

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§ 149  From Seleukeia to Georgia 142 stades {40}.

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§ 150  From Georgia to Rhosos Bay 300 stades {80}. From the Poseidion promontory to the bay with a very fair wind, 200 stades {270}. [From the Gulf to Rhosos, 80 stades.]

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§ 151  From Rhosos Terdniai to the city Myriandros 90 stades.

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§ 152  From Myriandros to Alexandreia at Issos 120 stades {80}.

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§ 153  From Alexandreia to the Kilikian Gates, 200 stades {45}. All in all from Palton to the Kilikian Gates, 2500 stades {1100}. Kilikia follows

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§ 154  From the Kilikian Gates to Hieron 120 stades. From here it is possible to cross to Nikopolis.

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§ 155  From Hieron to the city of Issos 700 stades {30}.

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§ 156  From Issos to the Amanikan gates in the furthest recess of the Gulf of Issos 7 stades {90}.

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§ 157  From the Amanikan Gates to the town of Halai stades {50}; From Myriandros with a favoring breeze 100 stades.

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§ 158  From Halai to the city of Aigeai stadia 100; from Myriandros to Aigeai by a straight journey towards the Pole with a south wind, 100 stades.

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§ 159  From Aigeai a coastal sailing along cliffs to the town of Serretillis, 150 stades. From Rhosos by direct course north to Serretillis with a south wind, 250 stades. Behind the town of Serretillis inland is the [river] called Pyramos, and above it Mt. Parion said to be a distance of 60 stades.

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§ 160  From the town of Serretillis to Cape Ianuaria 1 stade {?}.

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§ 161  From Cape Ianuaria to the Didymi (twin) islands 30 stades.

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§ 162  From the Didymi islands to the city called Mallos 100 stades.

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§ 163  From Mallos to Antiocheia on the river Pyramos 150 stades.

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§ 164  From Antiocheia to Ionia, which is now called Kephale, 70 stades. Next to this promontory the river they call Pyramos is navigable. From the [Rhosikan] Lookout (Skopelos), without entering the gulf but sailing straight towards Antioch, west of north, with a south wind, keeping the mainland far to the left hand, 350 stades.

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§ 165  From the river Pyramos by direct route to Soloi to the northwest, carried by a slight south wind, 500 stades.

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§ 166  From the mouth of the Pyramos to the River Saros 120 stades.

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§ 167  From the river Saros to the mouth of the lake called Rhegmi 70 stades.

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§ 168  From Rhegmi to Tarsos 70 stades. Through the city flows the river Kydnos.

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§ 169  From Rhegmi to the place Zephyrium 120 stades.

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§ 170  [From Zephyrium to Soli 50 stades].

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§ 171  From Soli to the town of Kalantheia 50 stades {150}.

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§ 172  From the town of Kalantheia to Elaiousa 100 stades.

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§ 173  From Elaioussa to the the town called Korykos 20 stades. And from Soli to Korykos 280 stades. Above which is the so-called Korykian cave, 100 stades.

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§ 174  From Korykos to the port called Kalon (Fair) Korakesion 125 stades {25}.

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§ 175  From Korakesion is the Poikile rock, which has a stairway through which the road passes to Seleukeia on the Kalykadnos, 70 stades.

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§ 176  From Korakesion to the river Kalydnos (or Kalykadnos) 40 stades.

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§ 177  From the river to a narrow, sandy promontory called Sarpedonian 80 stades. From there, shallow waters extend out 20 stades.

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§ 178  From the Sarpedonian Promontory, which lies closest to Cyprus, to the city of Karpasia with the most favorable wind, 400 stades.

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§ 179  From the Sarpedonian Promontory to Seleukeia 120 stades.

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§ 180  And likewise to Holmoi, 120 stades.

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§ 181  From Holmoi to the promontory and town called Mylai stadia 40.

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§ 182  From the promontory to the port of Nesoulion and an island promontory, 60 stades.

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§ 183  From the promontory to the place Philaia (Palaia) 500 stades {50}. The whole distance from Mylai to Philaia, cut short, is 500 {50} stades.

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§ 184  From Philaia (Palaia) to the island of Pityoussa 130 stades {30}. The distance from Pityoussa to the peninsula near Mylai 20 stades {80}. From the tip of Pityoussa to Aphrodisias 45 stades.

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§ 185  From Aphrodisias, keeping Pityoussa on the left, to the tower located on the promontory called Zephyrium 40 stades. From the Sarpedonian promontory to Aphrodisias the sailing is 120 stades {180}.

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§ 186  Aphrodisias lies closest to the Achaian shore on Cyprus, keeping the stern pointed toward the Bear (north), 500 stades.

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§ 187  From Aphrodisias to the place [or river] Kephisos, [or Melas] 35 stades.

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§ 188  From the river Melas to the Kraunoi promontory 40 stades.

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§ 189  From Kraunoi to Pisourgia, keeping Krambousa on the left, 45 stades. From Aphrodisias to Pisourgia 120 stades.

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§ 190  From Pisourgia to the gulf of Berenike 50 stades.

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§ 191  [From Berenike to Kelenderis 50 stades].

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§ 192  From Kelenderis to Mandane 100 stades.

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§ 193  From Mandane to the promontory called Poseidion 60 stades.

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§ 195  From Dionysophanoi to Rhygmanoi are 50 stades.

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§ 196  From Rhygmanoi to Anemourion 50 stades.

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§ 197  From Anemourion to the closest part of Cyprus, the Krommyon promontory 300 stades.

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§ 198  From Anemourion to Platanos 350 stades {80}.

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§ 199  From Platanos to the village Charadros 350 stades {80}. Above Charadros is a large mountain called Androkos, 30 stades distant.

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§ 200  From Charadros to the village called Kragos, 100 stades {70}.

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§ 201  From Kragos to the coastal village Nephelion 25 stades.

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§ 202  From Nephelion to the near-island (Nesiazousa) promontory 80 stades.

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§ 203  From the near-island peninsula promontory to Selinous 100 stades.

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§ 204  From Selinous to Akamas on Cyprus, 1006 stades.

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§ 205  From Selinous to Nauloi 120 stades.

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§ 206  From Nauloi to the coastal place called Laertes, 320 stades {20}.

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§ 207  From Laertes to Korakesion 100 stades.

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§ 208  From Korakesion to Aunesis [hence to] Hamaxion [inland 40 stades] 80 stades.

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§ 209  From Aunesis to the village called Augai 70 stades.

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§ 210  From Augai to Leukotheon promontory 50 stades.

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§ 211  From Leukotheon to Kibyra 50 stades.

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§ 212  From Kibyra to the temple of Artemis 50 stades.

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§ 213  From the temple of Artemis to the navigable river Melas 9 stades. Altogether, from the Kilikian gates to the River Melas 4050 stades. Pamphylia follows

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§ 214  From the Melas river to Side 50 stades.

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§ 215  From Side to Attaleia 350 stades; From Attaleia to the Korykian emporion 300 stades; From the Korykian emporion to Side 50 stades {450}. From Side to Akamas 1006 stades.

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§ 216  From Side to Seleukeia 80 stades.

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§ 217  From Side to the navigable river called Eurymedon 100 stades.

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§ 218  [From Eurymedon to Kynosarion stades ?].

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§ 219  From Kynosarion to the river called Kestros 60 stades; Sailing up the river one reaches the city of Perge.

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§ 220  From Kestros to Rhouskopos [35 stades?].

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§ 221  From Rhouskopus to Masoura and the Cataracts 50 stades.

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§ 222  From Masoura to Mygdale 70 stades {15}.

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§ 223  From Mygdale to Attaleia 10 stades.

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§ 224  From Attaleia to the village Tenedos 20 stades.

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§ 225  From Tenedos to the village Lyrnas 60 stades.

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§ 226  [From Lyrnas to Phaselis 170 stades] Above the city is a large mountain.

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§ 227  From Phaselis to Korykos 80 stades.

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§ 228  From Korykos to Phoinikous 30 stades. Above it is a high mountain called Olympos.

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§ 229  [From Phoinikous to Krambousa 50 stades]. From Phaselis the straight route to Krambousa 100 stades.

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§ 230  From Krambousa to the locality Posidarisos 30 stades.

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§ 231  From Posidarisos to the Moron Water 30 stades.

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§ 232  From Moron Water to the Sacred Cape and Chelidonian islands 50 stades. Altogether, from the River Melas to the Chelidoniai sailing next to the land 500 stades {900}. The short way through the sea passage to the Chelidoniai 600 stades.

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§ 233  From the Chelidoniai to Marion and Cape Akamas of Cyprus, toward the sunrise, with a very favorable west wind, 1800 stades; and from Anemourion to the Chelidonian islands 1007 stades {1900}. Lykia follows

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§ 234  From the Sacred Cape to Melanippe 30 stades.

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§ 235  From Melanippe to Gagai 60 stades.

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§ 236  From Gagai to the River Lamyros 60 stades. A further distance of 60 stades to the city called Lamyra.

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§ 237  From the Lamyros river to the tower called Ision 60 stades.

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§ 238  From the Ision Tower to Andriake 60 stades.

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§ 239  From Andriake to Somena 4 stades {80}.

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§ 240  From Somena to Aperlai 60 stades.

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§ 241  [From Aperlai to the promontory 50 stades].

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§ 242  [From the promontory to Antiphellos 50 stades].

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§ 243  [From Antiphellos to the island of Megiste 50 stades].

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§ 244  [From Megiste to the island of Rhoge 50 stades].

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§ 245  From the island of Rhoge to the Xenagori islands 300 stades {80}.

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§ 246  From the Xenagori islands to Patara 60 stades.

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§ 247  From Patara to the navigable river [Xanthos], above which is the city of Xanthos, 60 stades.

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§ 248  From the river Xanthos to Pydna directly 60 stades.

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§ 249  From Pydna to the Sacred Cape (Hiera Akra) 80 stades.

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§ 250  From the Sacred Cape to Kalabanteia 30 stades.

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§ 251  From Kalabantiai to Perdikiai 50 stades.

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§ 252  From Perdikiai to Kissidai 50 stades.

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§ 253  From Kissidai to Lagusa island 80 stades.

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§ 254  From Lagusa to Telmessos 5 stades {15}. Altogether [from the Sacred Cape] until Telmessos 1500 stades {1100}. Caria follows

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§ 255  From Telmessos to Pedalion by Rhopisa [island?] 200 stades.

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§ 256  From Telmessos to Daidala 50 stades.

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§ 257  From Daidala to Kallimache 50 stades.

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§ 258  From Kallimache to Krya 60 stades.

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§ 259  From Krya to Klydai 50 stades.

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§ 260  From Klydai to Pedalion promontory 30 stades.

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§ 261  From Pedalion to Ankon (Elbow) on the Glaukos [gulf?], 80 stades.

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§ 262  From Ankon to Panormos of the Kaunians 120 stades.

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§ 263  From Panormos to the place called Kymaria 50 stades.

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§ 264  From Kymaria to Pasada 60 stades.

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§ 265  From Pasada to Kaunos 30 stades.

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§ 266  From Kaunos (Pasada?) to Rhopusa [island] 15 stades.

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§ 267  From Rhopos to the opposite shore, to Leukopagos, 40 stades; From Rhopusa to Samos (Amos?) 100 stades.

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§ 268  From Samos (Amos?) to Poseidion 60 stades. From Poseidion to Phalaron 50 stades. From Phalaron to the island called Elaioussa 50 stades. From Elaioussa to Rhodes 150 stades. Which makes to Mailon[?] 600 [Mallos 4600 or cape Malea 2600?] stades and to Hieron of the Byzantines 600 (2600?) stades.

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§ 270  ... From Rhodes to the west part of Cyprus toward the sunrise with the most favorable west wind 2800 stades. ... From Rhodes to Agne? 350 stades. From Rhodes to Knidos 750 stades. From Rhodes to Nisyros 820 stades. From Rhodes to Telos 550 stades. From Lepataleon (Rhodes) to Poseidion of Karpathos 420 stades. From Rhodes to Kos 850 stades. From Rhodes to Chios 3000 stades. From Rhodes to Myndos 1000 stades. From Rhodes to Samos 1800 stades. From Rhodes to Tenedos 3700 stades.

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§ 273  [From Rhodes to Skyllaion of the Argolid sailing toward the sunset with a most favorable east wind? stades] You sail keeping on the left Nisyros and Astypalaia, on the right Kos and Leros [and Kinara and Amorgos and sailing to Donousa x stadia]; then from Donousa keep on the left Ios and Sikinos and Siphnos [and Thera ] and Seriphos and Kythnos, from where Skyllaion is visible.

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§ 280  The sailing from Kos to Delos toward the sunrise with a very fair east wind is 1300 stades. You sail to Kalydna, sailing down keeping on the right Hypsirisma and the Kalydnas and keeping Leros and Patmos right, the Melanteions and Mykonos on the left and Tinos on the right you reach Delos.

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§ 281  From Myndos (?) which is for Attike (?) 1500 stadia. You sail through the Korsiai and Leros and Kalydna and Orobis keeping [right]; sail to the Amorgias and keep Donousa and Naxos and Kythnos right. If you want to sail through the islands, sail this way: From Kos to Leros 350 stades. From Leros to Lebinthos 250 stades. From Lebinthos to Kinaros 50 stades. From Kinaros to the nearest of the Amorgias 85 stades. And sailing past Amorgia to Minoa 85 stades. [from Minoa to Kereia 85 stades]. From Kereia, keeping Kereia on the left, to Panormos of the Naxians 65 stades. From Panormos to Delos 420 stades.

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§ 283  From Kos to Leros 320 stades. From Leros to the Parthenion 60 stades. From there to Amazonion of Patmos 200 stades. From Amazonion to Korseia 100 stades. From Amazonion to Delos 750 stades. From Delos to Syros 150 stades. [From Syros to Andros 150 stades]. From Andros to Gaurion port 80 stades. From Gaurion to [Paionion] cape 50 stades. From the cape to the nearest promontories [Geraistos ] 50 stades. From Geraistos to Karystos 120 stades. From Karystos to Petaleia 100 stades.

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§ 284  We go back to the distances from Delos to the following islands: From Delos to Thera 350? stades. From Delos to Amorgeia (to Minoa) 650 stades. From Delos to Anaphe 100? stades. From Delos to Ios 650? stades. From Delos to Korsiai 650? stades. From Delos to Kimolos 800 stades. From Delos to Siphnos 640? stades. From Delos to Kythnos 350? stades. From Delos to Tinos 350 stades. From Delos to Naxos 350 stades. From Delos to Donousa 320 stades. From Delos to Patmos 850 stades. From Delos to the Melanteion lookout, From Delos to Keos 300 stades, from Delos to Andros 800? stades, from Delos to Paros 400? stades.

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§ 285  We return to Myndos, from which we departed. From Myndos to Panormos 80 stades.

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§ 286  From Myndos to Bargylia 250 stades.

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§ 287  From Panormos to Poseidion and Angistron 250 stades.

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§ 288  From Bargylia to Iasos 220 stades {40}.

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§ 289  From Iasos to the Poseidion promontory 120 stades.

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§ 290  From Poseidion to Akrita 240 stades.

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§ 291  Passala source lies opposite [Iasos?]. Whence to go up to Mylasa is 20 stades.

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§ 292  From Poseidion to Panormos 40 stades.

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§ 293  From Panormos to Miletos 80 stades.

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§ 294  I come back to the sailing route to Myndos. From Panormos to Miletos 300 stades.

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§ 295  From Pharmakoussa to Miletos 120 stades.

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§ 296  From Miletos to Samos 300 stades {200}. The whole distance from Telmessos to Miletos 2500 stades.

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§ 297  (Circumnavigation of Cyprus) From cape Akamas, keeping the island of Cyprus on the left, to Paphos 300 stades, the city is sited toward the south. It has a triple harbor for every wind, and a sanctuary of Aphrodite. From Paphos to Noumenion (an island with a spring; the sailing is short; when you near the island hug the land to the right) 55? stades. From Noumenion to Palaipaphos 25? stades. From Palaipaphos to Tretos (a promontory) 50 stades. [From Tretos to Kouriakon [Kourion] stades] From Kouriakon to Amathous 150 stades; the city lacks a port; make sure of the place. From Kouriakon to Kargaia 40 stades; a promontory with a harbor, small anchorage and water.

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§ 304  From Pedalion to the islands 80 stades. The city there is deserted, called Ammochostos. It has a harbor for all winds. It has hogs-back rocks in the approach. So watch out. From the islands to Salamis 50 stades. A city with a harbor. From Salamis to Palaia 120 stades; a town with a harbor and water. From Palaia to Phileous 300 stades. From Phileous to Akra (Cape) 60 stades; there are two anchorages, one blue-grey, the other white, both with drinking water. Lying above is a sanctuary of Aphrodite. Also, two islands lie off, both having a sailing channel.

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§ 308  From Anemourion in Kilikia to Akamas on Cyprus is 700 stadia. From Akamas, keeping Cyprus on the right, to Arsinoe on Cyprus is 70? stades. A city, with a deserted harbor exposed to the North wind. From Krommyakon to Melabron 50 stades; a summer anchorage. From Melabron to Soloi 300 stades, a harborless city. From Soloi to Keryneia 350 stades, a city, with a small anchorage. From Keryneia to Lapathos 50 stades, with an anchorage. From Lapathos to Karpaseia 50 stades; a city, with a harbor for small ships, exposed to the north wind. From Karpaseia to Akra 100 stades. From there we cross to Anemourion. The whole circumnavigation of Cyprus is 3250 stades. From the same Kouriakon to Pelousion 2300 stades. From Kition in Cyprus to Askalon 3300 stadia (2300?).

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§ 318  Circumnavigation of Crete From Kasos to Samonion of Crete is 300 stades; it is a promontory of Crete stretching far to the north. There is a sanctuary of Athens, a small anchorage and water. The other things have disappeared. From Samonion to Hiera Pydna (Hierapytna) is 480 stades; a city with a harbor; and the island called Chrysea has a harbor and water. From Hiera Pydna to Bienos is 70 stades, a little city away from the sea. From Bienos to Lebena 70 stades; an island lies beside, called Oxeia; it has water.

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§ 322  From Lebenas to Halai 20 stades {50}. From Halai to Matala 300 stades. A city, it has a harbor. From Matala to Soulia 65 stades, a promontory extending south. A harbor, it has good water. From Soulena to Psychea 12 stades. From Pydna to Psychea 370 stades. A summer harbor, and has water. From Psychea to Lamon 150 stades. A harbor. It has a city and water. From Lamon to Apollonia 30 stades. From Apollonia to Phoinix 100 stades. A city; has a harbor and island. From Klaudia [island] to Phoinix is 300 stades. It has a city and harbor.

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§ 329  From Phoinix to Tarrhon 60? stades. A small city, with an anchorage. From Tarrhon to Poikilassos 60 stades. A city, with an anchorage and water. From Poikilassos to Syba 50 stades; a city with a good port. [From Syba to Lissos 30 stades] From Lissos to Kalamyde 250 stades. From Kalamyde to Kriou Metopon 30 stades, a high promontory with water and a small anchorage. From Kriou Metopon the circumnavigation to Biennos is 12 stades; a harbor and water.

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§ 336  From Biennos to Phalasarna 270 stades. An anchorage, trading post, old city; there is an island 60 stades distant looking east, Iousagoura, with a harbor, and a sanctuary of Apollo in the harbor. There is another island 3 stades away, called Mese, with an anchorage. The third is called Myle. The channel is deep. It has a marketplace. From Myle to Tretos 50 stades, a pierced promontory, the extremity of Crete.

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§ 338  From Tretos to Agneion 50 stades; it is a harbor with a sanctuary of Apollo. There is an inner gulf called Myrtilos, which has water. From Agneion to Kisamos 80 stades; a city in a gulf. There is a harbor, and water. From Kisamos to Tityros 25 stades; it is a high promontory, wooded, looking north. From Tityros to the Diktynnaion 80 stades, an anchorage by the beach. From the Diktynnaion to Koite is 170 stadia; an island with an anchorage and water. It looks toward Crete [and] to the north.

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§ 343  From Akoition to Kydonia is 60 stades; a city with a harbor; the entrance has rocks. From Kydonia around to Aptera the sailing is 150? stades {250}. On foot 120 stades. The place is called Minos, in which are three islands, called Leukai (White). From Minos to Amphimatrion is 150 stades, a river and sheltered harbor near it, with a tower.

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§ 346  From Amphimatrion to Hydramon 100 stades; [missing text] a city with a beach. The city is called Eleuthera. To go up on foot from Amphimatrion is 50 stades. From Amphimatrion to Astale 30 stades. There is a harbor to the left, with water. [From there to Eleuthera 50 stades].

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§ 348  From Astale to Herakleion 100 stades. A city, with a harbor and water. From there 20 stades the city Knosos; There is also an island 40 stades to the west, called Dios. From Herakleion to Cherronesos city 30 stades; it has water and an island with a tower and harbor. From Cherronesos to Olous 60 stades, a cape with a small anchorage and good water. From the land [a small island?] is 20 stades distant. From Olous to Kamara 15 stades.

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§ 352  From Kamara to Istros 25 stades. From Istros to Ketia cape 15 stades. It is a small anchorage, without water. From Ketia cape to the Dionysiades 300 stades; they are two islands, having a harbor and water. From the Dionysiades to the Samonion, whence we began to sail around Crete, 120 stades {50}.

Event Date: -1 GR

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